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102 Possible Causes for Chemosis, Unilateral Eye Pain

  • Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    The symptoms of CST vary ranging from a severe headache, fever to either localized or unilateral facial pain, involving retro-orbital or frontal regions.[] A 56-year-old woman was admitted because of a high fever, right ptosis, chemosis, proptosis and ocular muscle palsy.[] Then following an upper respiratory tract infection, headache, bilateral periorbital pain and swelling, spiking fever, neck stiffness, bilateral chemosis and ophthalmoplegy[]

  • Carotid Cavernous Sinus Fistula

    A 67-year-old normotensive male presented with loss of vision, pain, and proptosis of the right eye. Best-corrected visual acuity was right eye 6/36 and left eye 6/5.[] After transcatheter intra-arterial embolisation, the ptosis and chemosis improved.[] High-flow CCF may present with chemosis, proptosis, cranial nerve palsy, increased intraocular pressure, diplopia, and decreased vision.[]

  • Orbital Cellulitis

    A 29-year-old woman presented with a 6-week history of progressive, unilateral, retro-orbital and periorbital right eye pain.[] However, the incidence rates of ptosis, conjunctival injection, and chemosis exhibited no differences between the diseases.[] […] orbital cellulitis : Fever Extraocular muscle dysfxn Pain w/eye movement More common in ORBITAL cellulitis Can be seen in periorbital cellulitis Chemosis Much more common[]

  • Scleritis and Episcleritis

    Most patients had unilateral involvement. The ocular symptoms at the initial visit were redness and ocular pain.[] Eyelid edema and conjunctival chemosis may be present.[] Because of the close connection between the sclera and Tenon’s capsule, inflammation of the posterior sclera can extend to the orbit and cause proptosis, chemosis, lid swelling[]

  • Orbital Infection

    Orbital cellulitis [ 2 ] Anterior features: Acute onset of unilateral swelling of conjunctiva and lids. Oedema, erythema, pain, chemosis.[] Infectious CST is characterized by headache, high fever, periorbital edema, proptosis, chemosis, and paralysis of eye movements.[] Other signs of orbital cellulitis are chemosis, displacement of the orbit (proptosis), as well as disturbed vision.[]

  • Cavernous Sinus Aneurysm

    […] cavernous sinus,which appeared following closed head trauma.A 39-year-old man suffered from a blunt head trauma in an automobile accident.Two weeks after the trauma,progressive chemosis[] The patient demonstrated substantial clinical improvement with resolution of her chemosis and protruding eye. Citation: Yao CA, Tsou HK, Sheehan J and Pan HC.[] The left eye showed no chemosis, pulsation, or bruit. Ophthalmologic examination of the left eye revealed traumatic optic neuropathy.[]

  • Endophthalmitis

    A 64-year-old man with type 2 diabetes mellitus and plaque psoriasis presented to the emergency room with 3 days of progressive right eye pain and decreased vision.[] Conjunctival chemosis, corneal haze, and hypopyon were noted and yellowish exudates filled the vitreous cavity.[] The biomicroscopy revealed total resolution of chemosis and eyelid edema and the inflammatory reaction in both eyes greatly improved.[]

  • Orbital Metastasis

    eye and orbit.[] Examination revealed marked proptosis of the right eye with reduced visual acuity and conjunctival chemosis. The liver was enlarged, hard and nodular.[] A 60-year-old Caucasian male presented with a 2-day history of left-sided ocular pain, lid swelling and chemosis.[]

  • Foreign Body in the Eye

    […] protection Symptoms Typically unilateral Irritation/foreign body sensation/pain Lacrimation Blurred vision Red eye Signs Foreign body adherent to ocular surface Linear corneal[] A scleral entry site may be seen with an area of conjunctival injection or chemosis with or without conjunctival tear.[] Signs : usually sudden onset unilateral ocular pain plus other ocular signs referable to depth of cornea and other tissues involved.[]

  • Eyeball Injury

    Clinical manifestations — pain and visual loss; chemosis, and hyperemia of the conjunctiva, and the infected chambers are hazy or opaque.[]

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