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14 Possible Causes for Chest X-Ray Abnormal, Drowning in Salt Water

  • Bacterial Pneumonia

    A repeat chest X-ray in the weeks after symptoms have resolved may be ordered to confirm the infection has resolved, and to assure that the chest X-ray is clear of any abnormalities[emedicinehealth.com] Investigations for Bacterial Pneumonia Physical exam where the doctor listens to the patient's chest using a stethoscope for abnormal chest sounds such as rales, wheezing[epainassist.com] Often the abnormalities on the chest X-ray appear worse than what the patient appears to have clinically, hence the term "walking pneumonia."[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    This patient had a clear history of carbon monoxide poisoning, acute respiratory distress, bilateral lung dry and moist rale, chest X-ray showed bilateral pulmonary edema,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In contrast, age, EMS response interval, water type (fresh/salt), water temperature, and witness status should not be used when making prognostic decisions.[doi.org] […] or seen but not clearly defined on the chest X-ray.[web.archive.org]

  • Drowning

    All patients undergo assessment of oxygenation by oximetry or, if results are abnormal or if there are respiratory symptoms or signs, ABG and chest x-ray.[merckmanuals.com] As the influence of the type of water (fresh or salt water) on respiratory function is still unclear, the primary endpoint of this multicenter study was to compare hypoxemia[doi.org] Elevation of postmortem vitreous sodium and chloride (PMVSC) levels in salt water drowning (SWD) is hypothesized to result from electrolyte changes in blood from salt water[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Drowning in Fresh Water

    Studies show that 80% of all children who are near drowning victims have abnormal chest x-rays. Hypothermia starts as soon as any person enters the water.[rescuediver.org] Drowning in fresh water is different from drowning in salt water. For one, more people drown in fresh water than salt water.[thoughtco.com] The biochemical and pathophysiologic changes in cold water drowning approximated those changes reported for warm water drowning for both fresh and salt water with one exception[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Drowning in Salt Water

    Studies show that 80% of all children who are near drowning victims have abnormal chest x-rays. Hypothermia starts as soon as any person enters the water.[rescuediver.org] Drowning in fresh water is different from drowning in salt water. For one, more people drown in fresh water than salt water.[thoughtco.com] drowning accident.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alveolar Rupture

    In many navies free ascent training, pulmonary barotrauma, salt water aspiration syndrome and near drowning were not uncommon accompaniments of these exercises.[cfua.org]

  • Crack Lung

    In this case, a crack cocaine user presented with significant hypoxia, nonspecific chest X-ray abnormalities, with workup revealing AEP that responded well to steroids and[shmabstracts.com] They include: Breathing in (aspiration) of the stomach contents when regurgitated, or salt water or fresh water from nearly drowning.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] X-rays Were Studied At the fourth Detroit hospital, the Henry Ford, five doctors did a retrospective evaluation of the chest X-rays of 71 patients who been treated in the[nytimes.com]

  • Sepsis

    Doctors may also use a chest X-ray or a CT scan to locate an infection. How is sepsis treated?[nigms.nih.gov] Increased extra-vascular lung water (EVLW) is particularly lethal, leading to iatrogenic salt water drowning.[doi.org] They may also test the person’s blood for an abnormal number of white blood cells or the presence of bacteria or other infectious agents.[nigms.nih.gov]

  • Carotid Sinus Syncope

    Brain CT and Carotid Doppler sonography revealed no abnormality. There were no abnormal findings on the simple chest X-ray and 12 lead ECG.[synapse.koreamed.org] Shock Pulmonary Barotrauma Salt Water Aspiration Syndrome Vertigo[private-scuba.com] […] as is possible Lay the diver down on any solid surface after surfacing Contact an emergency hotline for advice such as Divers Alert Network (DAN) Scuba Injuries Overview Drowning[private-scuba.com]

  • Cough

    If the patient has an acute cough, chest X-rays typically do not add to the doctor's ability to make a diagnosis.[emedicinehealth.com] ., from cancer, diabetes , or AIDS ), and people with abnormal lung sounds on examination may benefit from an X-ray to check for pneumonia .[emedicinehealth.com]

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