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19 Possible Causes for Chest X-Ray Abnormal, Prominent A-Wave, Restrictive Respiratory Syndrome

  • Cor Pulmonale

    On electrocardiogram, there was right axis deviation, p-pulmonale, features of right ventricular hypertrophy along with presence of prominent Q waves in leads II, III and[ijem.in] Diagnostic Highlights Test Normal Result Abnormality With Condition Explanation Chest x-rays Normal heart size and clear lungs Enlarged right ventricle and pulmonary artery[nursing.unboundmedicine.com] Among the aetiologies of respiratory insufficiency of “central” origin the obesity–hypoventilation syndrome (formerly “Pickwickian syndrome”) is a relatively frequent cause[doi.org]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Distended neck veins with raised and/or prominent JVP and visible a or v waves. 3rd/4th heart sounds and pansystolic murmur of tricuspid regurgitation over right heart.[patient.info] If chest x-ray is abnormal or dyspnea worsens significantly, chest x-ray and pulmonary function tests are done yearly to check for pulmonary fibrosis.[merckmanuals.com] (hypertrophic or restrictive) Transient myocardial ischemia Impaired ventricular filling Mitral stenosis Pericardial constriction or tamponade Tricuspid stenosis Pericardial[pathophys.org]

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    The ECG and chest X-ray showed no abnormalities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Secondary outcomes included mortality, severe periventricular and intraventricular haemorrhage, respiratory distress syndrome and chronic lung disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Your baby may need tests, such as: Chest X-ray . A chest X-ray may show an enlarged heart and lung changes in a baby with PDA. Electrocardiogram (ECG).[stlouischildrens.org]

  • Pulmonary Hypertension

    […] for conditions that can produce pulmonary hypertension (murmurs, collagen disease, valve pathology, VTE, OSA, alcohol consumption, chronic respiratory disease) Examination prominent[lifeinthefastlane.com] One or more of the following tests may be done if pulmonary hypertension is suspected: A chest x-ray may show heart enlargement and abnormal lung vessels.[circ.ahajournals.org] Diagnostic Approach We recommend early echocardiograms for the diagnosis of PH in preterm infants with severe respiratory distress syndrome who require high levels of ventilator[doi.org]

  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

    Physical examination findings sometimes observed in PH and right ventricular (RV) dysfunction include: an elevated jugular venous pressure with prominent A waves (due to increased[content.onlinejacc.org] An ECG may show some abnormalities that may be suggestive of right heart failure. Chest x-ray may also show enlargement of the chambers of the right heart.[medicinenet.com] Respiratory restriction and elevated pleural and esophageal pressures in morbid obesity.[aasmnet.org]

  • Congenital Heart Disease

    A and V waves Diffuse, displaced left ventricular impulse; palpable RV impulse Increased first heart sound; persistent splitting of second heart sound Systolic ejection-type[doi.org] Chest X-ray A chest X-ray of the heart and lungs can check whether there are any abnormalities in the lungs, or whether the heart is larger than normal.[nhsinform.scot] Poor nutrition related to anorexia, fatigability, vomiting, fluid restriction and frequent respiratory infections also contributes to growth impairment. 11 Systemic and respiratory[aafp.org]

  • Pulmonary Disorder

    The most typical ECG findings in emphysema are: Rightward shift of the P wave axis with prominent P waves in the inferior leads and flattened or inverted P waves in leads[lifeinthefastlane.com] Common tests for diagnosis of lung cancer include: Chest x-rays. Chest x-rays allow doctors to "see" abnormal growths in the lungs.[womenshealth.gov] Infant respiratory distress syndrome due to a deficiency of surfactant in the lungs of a baby born prematurely.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Delirium

    […] at night Diagnosis EEG–slowing of brain waves; cognitive capacity screening examination; mini-mental state test; trail-making B test.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Chest and skull X-rays may be taken, and computed tomography (CT) scanning or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be used to reveal focal or generalized brain disease.[britannica.com] […] to single disease processes (e.g., the acute respiratory distress syndrome) 1,15,16 or from large, longitudinal cohort studies lacking details of in-hospital risk factors[doi.org]

  • Acute Cor Pulmonale

    Clinical findings associated with pulmonary heart disease include jugular venous distension, prominent v-wave in the jugular venous pulsation, narrow S-2 split or no split[acphospitalist.org] Clinical suspicion of pulmonary embolism rests upon history taking, physical examination, arterial blood gases determination, 12-lead ECG and chest X-ray.[tmj.ro] Key messages In patients under protective mechanical ventilation for moderate-to-severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, acute cor pulmonale was associated with a restricted[ccforum.biomedcentral.com]

  • Hypoventilation

    wave, lower-extremity edema, and hepatomegaly.[emedicine.medscape.com] Tests include: chest X-ray: an imaging test that takes pictures of the chest area and checks for abnormalities. lung function test: a breathing test that determines how well[healthline.com] […] of Polio Virus infection Guillain-Barre Syndrome Biomechanical Defects Restrictive Lung Diseases Muscular Dystrophy Chest Wall Trauma Morbid Obesity Airflow Defects Laryngotracheobronchitis[pathwaymedicine.org]

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