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50 Possible Causes for Chest X-Ray Abnormal, Rheumatic Heart Disease, S4 Gallop

  • Cardiomyopathy

    gallop due to thickened, non-compliant ventricle Possible murmur from mitral regurgitation Rapidly rising double arterial pulse in the carotid arteries ECG Abnormally deep[amboss.com] […] is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse Apical[emedicine.medscape.com] Chest X-ray may reveal an enlarged or abnormal heart shape or excess fluid accumulation within the lungs .[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    chest x ray, because it exposes maternal breast tissue to high doses of radiation What test do I order?[bmj.com] For pulmonary embolism, a chest x-ray should be used to triage the patient to either a ventilation/perfusion study after a normal X-ray or a CT pulmonary angiogram after an[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] patients Computed tomographic pulmonary angiography should be used only in patients with lung disease such as asthma—which makes scintigraphy less likely to be diagnostic—or an abnormal[bmj.com]

  • Heart Valve Disease

    Initial tests usually include a chest X-ray and a heart tracing (an electrocardiogram, or ECG).[patient.info] rheumatic fever is referred to as "rheumatic heart disease".[en.wikipedia.org] heart valve disease patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency

    The physical examination may also reveal jaundice, peripheral edema, ascites, weak peripheral pulse, pulmonary rales, and an S3 or S4 gallop.[symptoma.com] Chest X-ray In a chest X-ray, your doctor studies the size and shape of your heart and evaluates your lungs.[mayoclinic.org] A chest x-ray, an electrocardiogram (EKG), and an echocardiogram (ultrasound study of the heart muscle and valves) may be helpful in reaching the diagnosis.[healthcentral.com]

  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency

    Tests When listening to your heart and lungs, the health care provider may detect: A thrill (vibration) over the heart when feeling the chest area An extra heart sound (S4[mountsinai.org] Abstract Mitral valve insufficiency in rheumatic heart disease is often due to retracted posterior chordae and posterior leaflet thickening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Christenson, Jan Kalangos, Afksendiyos Published in Annals of Thoracic Surgery . 2008, vol. 85, no. 2, p. e6-8 Abstract Mitral valve insufficiency in rheumatic heart disease[archive-ouverte.unige.ch]

  • Pulmonary Hypertension

    One or more of the following tests may be done if pulmonary hypertension is suspected: A chest x-ray may show heart enlargement and abnormal lung vessels.[circ.ahajournals.org] […] and left heart valvular disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An ECG may show some abnormalities that may be suggestive of right heart failure. Chest x-ray may also show enlargement of the chambers of the right heart.[medicinenet.com]

  • Mitral Valve Incompetence

    An ECG can detect enlarged chambers of your heart, heart disease and abnormal heart rhythms. Chest X-ray.[drugs.com] Mitral valve abnormalities are birth defects or happen after rheumatic heart disease.[web.archive.org] […] night When listening to your heart and lungs, the health care provider may detect: A thrill (vibration) over the heart when feeling the chest area An extra heart sound (S4[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertensive Heart Disease

    ., abnormal heart sounds or abnormal electrocardiogram or chest x-ray, hypertension or hypotension, diabetes mellitus, an acute myocardial infarction (MI), an arrhythmia,[doi.org] Rheumatic heart disease affected 6.7% of the patients. The most common rheumatic heart disease was mitral stenosis followed by mitral regurgitation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One hundred and twenty-four patients (53%) had hypertensive heart disease, 20 (9%) had rheumatic heart disease while 13 (6%) had dilated cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Cardiac palpation and auscultation for ventricular and atrial gallop rhythms (S3, S4) should be performed.[doi.org] Chest X-ray and thoracic CT showed ground glass opacities or consolidation spreading from the hilar area to the peripheral area, suggesting central redistribution.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Various forms of congenital heart disease such as ventricular septal defect (VSD), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) or common AV canal Heart valve disease caused by past rheumatic[chw.org]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Heart sounds are auscultated for S3 or S4 gallops or new heart murmurs. Patient care and other activities should be organized to allow for periods on uninterrupted rest.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] This patient had a clear history of carbon monoxide poisoning, acute respiratory distress, bilateral lung dry and moist rale, chest X-ray showed bilateral pulmonary edema,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Community control of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease. Delhi: ICMR, 1994. 9. Jose VJ, Gomathi M.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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