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403 Possible Causes for Childhood Onset Has Been Reported, Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes

  • Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy

    […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] In about 25% of cases, ALS begins with brainstem symptoms (dysarthria, difficulty swallowing) followed by extremity weakness.[neuropathology-web.org] […] causes initially increased electrical excitability leading to fasciculations, and later muscle weakness and atrophy; upper motor neuron involvement causes spasticity, clonus, hyperactive[neuropathology-web.org]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Adult patients with an electro-clinical picture compatible with IGE often represent relapse of childhood epilepsy; however, de novo IGE in adult life has been reported by[jnnp.bmj.com] Adults with isolated or rare tonic–clonic seizures and negative EEG studies are generally regarded as having partial epilepsy of uncertain cause, and adult onset IGE would[jnnp.bmj.com] […] several investigators. 6– , 16 Attempts to characterise the subsyndromes and genetics of adult onset cases have been sparse. 7, 10, 16 In our first seizure clinic—which serves[jnnp.bmj.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Progressive Muscular Atrophy

    Case report: We present the clinical and electrophysiological data of a boy with childhood-onset SMA associated with PME and reviewed cases of the literature.[sogacot.org] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] In particular, the association of SMA and progressive myoclonic epilepsy (PME) has been rarely described.[sogacot.org]

  • Autosomal Recessive Lower Motor Neuron Disease with Childhood Onset

    […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] LGMD2J has been reported in Finnish individuals. LGMD2K This extremely rare form of LGMD has been reported in Turkish individuals.[rarediseases.org] In about 25% of cases, ALS begins with brainstem symptoms (dysarthria, difficulty swallowing) followed by extremity weakness.[neuropathology-web.org]

  • Worster-Drought Syndrome

    It is of interest that the perisylvian syndrome has been described as a syndrome of childhood-onset epilepsy which, although sharing features of WDS, was reported without[doi.org] brainstem reflexes (eg, jaw jerk), the dissociation of automatic and volitional movements of the bulbar muscles with preservation of automatic movements, and the absence[medlink.com] In this instance, bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria is seen on MRI scan and has been confirmed on post-mortem in some cases.[doi.org]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 5

    […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] A small number of cases have been reported to date. The disorder has been described in various ethnic groups.[orpha.net] In about 25% of cases, ALS begins with brainstem symptoms (dysarthria, difficulty swallowing) followed by extremity weakness.[neuropathology-web.org]

  • Puerperium

    It has been reported that 44% of seizures related to eclampsia occur in the puerperium, 38% prepartum and 18% intrapartum [ 7 ].[openneurologyjournal.com] The onset of epilepsy in pregnancy is less common, as its incidence peaks are in childhood and old age.[openneurologyjournal.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

    However, in the last 2 decades, type 2 diabetes has been reported among U.S. children and adolescents with increasing frequency. [10] The true prevalence is difficult to quantify[physio-pedia.com] , it is routinely assumed to be type 1, or juvenile-onset diabetes.[physio-pedia.com] […] people with diabetes have type 2. [8] Additionally, there has been an increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescence. [9] When diabetes strikes during childhood[physio-pedia.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Alopecia Areata

    Alopecia areata has two peaks of onset – one in childhood and one in adulthood – though it has been reported in all ages.[nationwidechildrens.org]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Hereditary Hyperekplexia

    Patients may also have umbilical and inguinal hernias and hyperactive brainstem reflexes such as head retraction, palmomental and snout reflexes.[cags.org.ae]

    Missing: Childhood Onset Has Been Reported

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