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685 Possible Causes for Chloride Decreased, Supraclavicular Fat Pads

  • Iatrogenic Cushing's Disease

    Individuals with Cushing syndrome can develop moon facies, facial plethora, supraclavicular fat pads, buffalo hump, truncal obesity, and purple striae, as shown in the image[emedicine.medscape.com] Common: centripetal obesity with dorsocervical and supraclavicular fat pads, facial plethora and "moon face," fatigue, hyperglycemia, hypertension, mood lability, easy bruisability[hopkinsguides.com]

  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma

    pads.[symptoma.com] The majority of patients with functional tumors shows symptoms of Cushing syndrome including truncal obesity, striae, malar flushing, supraclavicular and dorsocervical fat[symptoma.com]

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormone

    Decreased 17-hydroxy-corticoid and aldosterone excretion. 2. Excessive loss of sodium chloride in the urine. 3. Elevated levels of potassium in the serum. 4.[biologydiscussion.com] They increase the absorption of sodium and chloride by the renal tubules and decrease their absorption by the sweat glands, salivary glands, and the gastrointestinal tract[biologydiscussion.com]

  • ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma

    fat pad, sometimes known as a 'buffalo hump' purple skin striae easy skin bruising acanthosis nigricans proximal myopathy depression and other mood disorders osteoporosis[radiopaedia.org] Weight gain (with centripetal distribution, buffalo-hump, supraclavicular fat pad), arterial hypertension, ecchymoses and purple striae on flanks and lower abdomen are all[primarycare.imedpub.com] Typically, patients have the following clinical features 6 : rounded face, sometimes described as 'moon-shaped' progressive centripetal obesity and weight gain prominent supraclavicular[radiopaedia.org]

  • Sinusitis

    Benzalkonium chloride Benzalkonium chloride (BKC) is an antimicrobial preservative commonly used in aqueous nasal, ophthalmic, and ocular products, and has long been used[emedicine.medscape.com] Imidazolines (eg, oxymetazoline [9] , xylometazoline, naphazoline, clonidine) cause vasoconstriction primarily through alpha2-adrenergic receptors, but may also decrease endogenous[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Supraclavicular Fat Pads
  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    Serum chloride: Decreased, less than 98 mEq/L, disproportionately to serum sodium decreases (if alkalosis is hypochloremia). Serum potassium: Decreased.[nurseslabs.com] Serum calcium: Usually decreased. Prolonged hypercalcemia (nonparathyroid) may be a predisposing factor. Urine pH: Increased, higher than 7.0.[nurseslabs.com] A decrease in filtered chloride is sensed by the macula densa and, as a result of tubuloglomerular feedback, reduces filtered HCO 3 and stimulates aldosterone release.[unboundmedicine.com]

    Missing: Supraclavicular Fat Pads
  • Bartter's Disease

    As a matter of fact, chronic vomiting and diarrhea without diuretics can cause a Pseudo Bartter’s syndrome with the full pattern of Bartter’s syndrome, but with low chloride[omicsonline.org] Five weeks after birth, his sodium chloride loss turned into renal potassium loss, along with a marked decrease in urine output.[link.springer.com] Loss of function of this reabsorption system results in decreased sodium, potassium, and chloride reabsorption in the thick ascending limb, as well as abolishment of the lumen-positive[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Supraclavicular Fat Pads
  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Cortisol deficiency causes altered metabolism, decreased stress tolerance, and emotional lability.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Sodium, potassium, chloride and carbon dioxide are measured to help detect and evaluate the severity of an existing electrolyte imbalance and to monitor the effectiveness[labtestsonline.org] Aldosterone deficiency causes urinary loss of sodium, chloride, and water, resulting in dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Supraclavicular Fat Pads
  • Respiratory Acidosis

    Arterial pH: Decreased, less than 7.35. Electrolytes : Serum potassium : Typically increased. Serum chloride: Decreased. Serum calcium: Increased.[nurseslabs.com] One or more of the electrolytes will be increased or decreased in people with acid-base disorders such as respiratory acidosis.[healthline.com] Electrolytes Electrolyte testing is a group of tests that measure levels of Na (sodium), K (potassium), Cl- (chloride), and bicarbonate.[healthline.com]

    Missing: Supraclavicular Fat Pads
  • Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion

    The sodium and chloride levels decreased continuously during treatment with citalopram; six days after the citalopram was discontinued, sodium and chloride levels returned[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of sodium, chloride, and other substances.[britannica.com] Another factor that further decreases the anion gap is that the volume expansion decreases the tubular reabsorption of unmeasured anions, such as sulfate, phosphate, and urate[razianesth.freeservers.com]

    Missing: Supraclavicular Fat Pads

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