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1,926 Possible Causes for Cholelithiasis, Dark Skin Pigmentation, Physiological Neonatal Jaundice

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    The same bile pigment, bilirubin, which is responsible for the yellow skin tones of jaundice can turn urine dark.[] […] history of alcohol excess, neonatal jaundice, hypertension, or hypercholesterolemia.[] Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes due to abnormally high levels of bilirubin (bile pigment) in the bloodstream.[]

  • Jaundice

    The yellowing extends to other tissues and body fluids and also may turn the urine dark.[] Clonorchis sinensis, the pathogen, is the major parasitic trigger contributing to cholangitis, cholelithiasis, and even cholangiocarcinoma.[] This is called “physiologic” or normal neonatal jaundice. Most infants have this pattern so no testing is needed.[]

  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

    Hyperpigmentation Cholestasis increases production of the dark pigment, melanin, which is found in the skin. The darkening of the skin is called hyperpigmentation.[] Associations cholelithiasis ( 40%) 8 other autoimmune diseases, e.g.[]

    Missing: Physiological Neonatal Jaundice
  • Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

    Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is a rare clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorder characterized by intravascular hemolysis, hemoglobinuria, and inflammatory thrombotic state. Intravascular hemolysis in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) can lead to acute and chronic renal injury through hemoglobin-mediated[…][]

    Missing: Physiological Neonatal Jaundice
  • Obesity

    […] tolerance, acanthosis nigricans, hepatic steatosis, premature puberty, hypogonadism and polycystic ovary syndrome, obstructive sleep disorder, orthopedic complications, cholelithiasis[] […] effects of infection and, in one case, neonatal death.[] Cholelithiasis can lead to cholecystitis and to pancreatitis. What Can Be Done? The best approach is prevention.[]

    Missing: Dark Skin Pigmentation
  • Hereditary Spherocytosis

    This is a report of an 11 years old male diagnosed case of hereditary spherocytosis who presented with jaundice, splenomegaly and cholelithiasis.[] Applicable To Neonatal physiological jaundice (intense)(prolonged) NOS spherocytosis D58.0 (congenital) Spherocytosis (congenital) (familial) (hereditary) D58.0 hemoglobin[] In this paper we describe how we perform laparoscopic splenectomy plus cholecystectomy at the same time to treat hereditary spherocytosis combined with cholelithiasis in two[]

    Missing: Dark Skin Pigmentation
  • Portal Cirrhosis

    The same bile pigment, bilirubin, which is responsible for the yellow skin tones of jaundice can turn urine dark.[] Such chronic gastrointestinal diseases as peptic ulcer, cirrhosis, and cholelithiasis are becoming increasingly recognized as health problems.[] CHOLELITHIASIS 39. TREATMENT CHART 40.[]

    Missing: Physiological Neonatal Jaundice
  • Hemochromatosis

    Patients suffer from a particular form of diabetes mellitus and dark pigmentation of the skin (bronzing), as well as hepatic cirrhosis.[] Hair Misophonia (hatred of the sound of chewing) Mosquito Bite Frequency Motion Sickness Newborn Hair Photic Sneeze Reflex Red Hair Skin Pigmentation Stretch Marks Sweet[] Public Speaking Finger Length Ratio Flat Feet Freckles Hair Photobleaching (hair lightening from the sun) Hair Texture Hair Thickness Ice Cream Flavor Preference Light or Dark[]

    Missing: Physiological Neonatal Jaundice
  • Cardiac Cirrhosis

    Postcholecystectomy syndrome Bile duct / other biliary tree Cholangitis ( PSC, Ascending ) · Cholestasis / Mirizzi's syndrome · Biliary fistula · Haemobilia · Gallstones / Cholelithiasis[] Physiological neonatal jaundice (we will see this in another chapter). Enzyme deficiencies. E.g. Glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Impaired liver function.[]

    Missing: Dark Skin Pigmentation
  • Addison's Disease

    Even people with dark skin can develop excessive pigmentation, although the change may be harder to recognize.[] 5%-29% of cases) Hypopigmented skin patches Occasional (present in 5%-29% of cases) Anemia - Asplenia - Autosomal dominant inheritance - Autosomal recessive inheritance - Cholelithiasis[] ) skin, and dark freckling.[]

    Missing: Physiological Neonatal Jaundice

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