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73 Possible Causes for Choreoathetoid Movements, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Described features include 9,11 : progressive dementia extrapyramidal signs (rigidity, dystonia, choreoathetosis) corticospinal signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia) dysarthria[] movements, dysarthria, and progressive mental deterioration.[] Clinical manifestations include progressive muscle spasticity; hyperreflexia; muscle rigidity; dystonia; dysarthria; and intellectual deterioration which progresses to severe[]

  • Lesch Nyhan Syndrome

    In LNS patients there are three major signs of pyramidal dysfunction: spasticity, hyperreflexia and the extensor plantar reflex (also known as the Babinski reflex: the great[] They have in addition a variety of neurological abnormalities including mental retardation, spastic cerebral palsy, and involuntary, choreoathetoid movements.[] They also develop signs of pyramidal involvement including spasticity, hyperreflexia, and extensor plantar reflexes.[]

  • Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease

    There is gross spasticity, hyperreflexia and extensor plantar response. In severe cases, the child is unable to sit unsupported and is certainly unable to walk.[] It is marked by nystagmus, ataxia, tremor, choreoathetoid movements, parkinsonian facies, dysarthria, and mental deterioration.[] Milder cases may be able to walk but this is lost in adolescence, as the spasticity tends to be worse in the legs.[]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Spastic features included hypertonicity, hyperreflexia, and extensor plantar responses. Two older sibs had contractures.[] Patients with non- spastic cerebral palsy present with dysarthria and abnormal involuntary movements (choreoathetoid, dystonic, or ataxic ) that worsen with stress.[] Dyskinetic (also called either dystonic or choreoathetoid): where there are uncontrolled, involuntary movements.[]

  • Cross Syndrome

    […] ectropium, and/or nystagmus), growth deficiency, intellectual deficit and other progressive neurologic anomalies such as spastic tetraplegia, hyperreflexia, and/or athetoid[] […] ectropium, and/or nystagmus ), growth deficiency, intellectual deficit and other progressive neurologic anomalies such as spastic tetraplegia, hyperreflexia, and/or athetoid[] […] hypopigmentation syndrome, Cross type is a rare congenital syndrome characterized by cutaneous and ocular hypopigmentation, various ocular anomalies (e.g. corneal and lens opacity, spastic[]

  • Senile Chorea

    , spasticity, Babinski sign) in the legs.[] Differential diagnosis of choreoathetoid movement disorders Epidemiology & etiology Signs & symptoms Diagnostics Huntington disease Almost always younger or middle-aged men[] Choreoathetoid movements of the fingers, hands, or upper or lower extremities also are common.[]

  • Postencephalitic Parkinson Disease

    Unlike Parkinson disease, corticospinal tract lesions cause Paresis (weakness or paralysis), preferentially in distal antigravity muscles Hyperreflexia Extensor plantar responses[] Slowed and decreased movement due to Parkinson disease must be differentiated from decreased movement and spasticity due to lesions of the corticospinal tracts.[] (Babinski sign) Spasticity that increases muscle tone in proportion to the rate and degree of stretch placed on a muscle until resistance suddenly melts away (clasp-knife[]

  • Aromatic L-Amino Acid Decarboxylase Deficiency

    […] clinical features suggesting spasticity.[] Clinically this results in the development of a progressive neurometabolic disorder characterized by severe hypotonia, dystonic and choreoathetoid movements, oculogyric crises[] Of those patients who present at the average age with the typical dystonic gait disorder, 20% also have hyperreflexia and apparent extensor plantar responses, as well as other[]

  • Spastic Paraparesis-Deafness Syndrome

    , hyperreflexia, urinary bladder disturbance (hypertonic bladder) and extensor plantar responses with weakness of a pyramidal distribution in the lower limbs.[] Its characteristic feature is choreoathetoid movements but neuropsychiatric problems are also common.[] […] abnormalities on examination of patients with pure HSP include spasticity, hyperreflexia, and extensor plantar responses, with weakness of a pyramidal distribution in the[]

  • Pyramidal Tract Disorder

    Bilateral Corticospinal disfx spasticity, hyperreflexia, Babinski Anterior Horn Cell Syndrome FDR, LMN Disorder Weakness, flaccid paralysis, atrophy, and fasciculations, reduced[] […] that are not repetitive or rhythmic, and tend to be more jerky and shaky Choreoathetoid — a combination of chorea and athetosis; movements are irregular, but twisting and[] […] and hyperreflexia, and a loss of discrete finger and hand movements.[]

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