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742 Possible Causes for Chylothorax

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  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    We report a case of recurrent massive chylothorax associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma who demonstrated long-term remission of lymphoma and complete regression of chylothorax[] Recurrent cancer-related chylothorax is generally managed by talc pleurodesis or indwelling pleural catheter in the palliative care setting to relieve symptoms and improve[] In chylothorax associated with curable/treatable malignancies like lymphoma, there are scarce data regarding the efficacy and safety of indwelling pleural catheters.[]

  • Lymphedema

    ., chyle) accumulation body cavities such as the thorax (chylothorax) and abdomen (chylous ascities).[] Kovach, Lymphovenous Anastomosis for the Treatment of Chylothorax in Infants, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 10.1097/PRS.0000000000004424, 141, 6, (1502-1507), (2018)[] In some people with hereditary lymphedema, the lymphatic vessels may rupture or become blocked (obstructed), causing chyle to accumulate in the chest cavity (chylothorax).[]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    Chylothorax is usually due to trauma or to metastatic malignancy.[] We are not aware of reports in which chylothorax was explained on the basis of portal cirrhosis.[] Many cases, however, are classified as idiopathic with no clear-cut explanation for the presence of the chylothorax.[]

  • Chylothorax

    This technique is reported to be useful in many cases of spontaneous chylothorax, congenital chylothorax, postoperative chylothorax and chylothorax due to malignancy.[] Analysis of pleural fluid helps to differentiate the normal chylothorax from the pseudo-chylothorax.[] The surgery with the highest risk of chylothorax is an esophagostomy, with a 5-10% risk of chylothorax.[]

  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis

    However, persisting chylothorax after transplantation for LAM remains a challenging problem, and the optimal management has not been decided.[] The most typical presenting symptoms include dyspnea, spontaneous pneumothorax, cough and chylothorax.[] This combination therapy reduced the chylothorax and chylous ascites.[]

  • Thoracic Duct Obstruction

    Chylothorax is a rare complication of this procedure.[] Fibrosing pleuritis or constrictive pleuritis is a frequent sequela to chylothorax.[] The causes of chylothorax can be categorized as non-traumatic or traumatic.[]

  • Chylous Ascites

    The chylothorax resolved in both the patients.[] The aim was to analyze conventional planar scintigraphy and SPECT/CT in patients clinically suspicious for chylothorax or chylous ascites.[] The patient was diagnosed with severe congestive heart failure accompanied by chylothorax and chylous ascites.[]

  • Thoracic Duct Fistula

    Selle JG, Snyder WH 3rd, Schreiber JT: Chylothorax: Indications for surgery. Ann Surg 1973;110:245–249.[] Patient Selection Most patients who have a high volume chylothorax and who require operative repair have an iatrogenic chylothorax.[] Chylothorax is even less frequent, and can exceptionally present bilaterally.[]

  • Pleural Effusion

    […] effusion, depending on the nature of the fluid and what caused its entry into the pleural space, are hydrothorax (serous fluid), hemothorax (blood), urinothorax (urine), chylothorax[] Do you suspect an empyema, chylothorax or haemothorax (because of the appearance/odour of the fluid)?[] […] approximately to: 2015/16 ICD-10-CM J91.8 Pleural effusion in other conditions classified elsewhere Approximate Synonyms Bilat pleural effusion Bilateral pleural effusion Chylothorax[]

  • Mediastinal Neoplasm

    Dysrhythmias Pulmonary stenosis Tracheal compression Esophageal compression Vocal cord paralysis Postobstructive pneumonitis  Horner's syndrome  Phrenic nerve paralysis  Chylothorax[]

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