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43 Possible Causes for Circumduction Gait, Dysarthria, Hyperreflexia

  • Stroke

    Dysarthria is more prevalent in left than in right hemisphere lesions.[doi.org] An examination showed decreased strength on the right side, with hyperreflexia and an up-going plantar response.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In our case series, all patients had dysarthria as a presenting symptom.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pyramidal Tract Lesion

    Although right hemiplegia with facial weakness and dysarthria were noted, sensations to pinpricks were intact.[casereports.bmj.com] Symptoms include an increase in the muscle tone in the lower extremities, hyperreflexia, positive Babinski and a decrease in fine motor coordination.[sideeffects.embl.de] […] decussation causes impairment of movement in the opposite body-half, which is especially severe in the arm and leg and is characterized by muscular weakness, spasticity and hyperreflexia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Hemiplegia

    Dysarthria: 2 Severe; patient speech is so slurred as to be unintelligible in the absence of or our of proportion to any dysphagia, or is mute/anarthric 11.[cns.org] […] signs-weakness and impaired dexterity or coordination-and positive signs-spasticity or hyperreflexia [26].[web.archive.org] With mild hemiparesis, loss of normal arm swing and slight circumduction may be the only abnormalities.[web.archive.org]

  • Autosomal Recessive Spastic Paraplegia Type 20

    […] progressive muscle weakness, paraplegia, muscle wasting in the hands and feet (distal amyotrophy), small stature, developmental delay, learning disorders, speech difficulties (dysarthria[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] This pattern of hypertonicity is responsible for the classic gait with the affected person demonstrating circumduction and toe walking.[jnnp.bmj.com] Progressive spastic dysarthria is reported with brisk jaw jerk, often accompanied by slow, spastic tongue movements.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    We examined a 66-year-old Japanese woman manifesting gait disturbance and spastic dysarthria for 6years with positive family history.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case showed spasticity and hyperreflexia with pathological reflexes and ankle clonus as well as muscle weakness in all extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If the patient can walk, look for a spastic gait with bilateral circumduction described as “scissoring”, and whilst they are standing inspect the spine for scars.[ptpaces.wordpress.com]

  • Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    The patient manifests typical clinical signs for SPG35 (youth onset gait impairment, progressive spastic paraparesis on lower limbs, dysarthria, white matter changes in MRI[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] From Wikidata Jump to navigation Jump to search genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by progressive spasticity and hyperreflexia[wikidata.org] This pattern of hypertonicity is responsible for the classic gait with the affected person demonstrating circumduction and toe walking.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Spastic Paraplegia Type 2

    A 29-year-old man developed progressive spastic quadriplegia from early childhood with dysarthria, ataxia, dysphagia, and intellectual delay, but he displayed no nystagmus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] SPG2 is characterized by spastic gait and hyperreflexia.[malacards.org] This pattern of hypertonicity is responsible for the classic gait with the affected person demonstrating circumduction and toe walking.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Autosomal Recessive Spastic Paraplegia Type 26

    Additional features include intellectual disability, peripheral neuropathy, dysarthria, cerebellar signs, extrapyramidal signs, and cortical atrophy.[malacards.org] Affected individuals may have sensory neuropathy, motor neuropathy, hyperreflexia of the lower limbs, muscular atrophy or decreased bladder control.[ivami.com] This pattern of hypertonicity is responsible for the classic gait with the affected person demonstrating circumduction and toe walking.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Autosomal Recessive Spastic Paraplegia Type 55

    At age 51, he developed dysarthria and urinary dysfunction.[nature.com] […] or pain in the arms and legs (sensory neuropathy); disturbance in the nerves used for muscle movement (motor neuropathy); intellectual disability; exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia[ghr.nlm.nih.gov] This pattern of hypertonicity is responsible for the classic gait with the affected person demonstrating circumduction and toe walking.[jnnp.bmj.com]

  • Autosomal Dominant Spastic Paraplegia Type 10

    Clinical information of family members was evaluated in terms of age at onset, presence of walking disturbance, dysarthria, distribution of spasticity, sensory impairment,[neurology.org] […] spastic paraplegia type 10 (SPG10) is a rare type of hereditary spastic paraplegia that can present as either a pure form of spastic paraplegia with lower limb spasticity, hyperreflexia[orpha.net] This pattern of hypertonicity is responsible for the classic gait with the affected person demonstrating circumduction and toe walking.[jnnp.bmj.com]

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