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149 Possible Causes for Clenched Hands, Congenital Heart Disease, Dysmorphic Face

  • Patau Syndrome

    Symptoms of the Disease are Extra fingers, decreased muscle tone, clenched hands, small eyes, small head, scalp defects etc.[] Most infants with trisomy 13 have congenital heart disease.[] hand with finger overlap, rocker bottom feet, micrognathia, low set ears Image depicting classic appearance of clenched hand with overlapping 2nd and 5th fingers in a newborn[]

  • Trisomy 18

    At least 30% of affected fetuses have abnormal extremities (unilateral or bilateral), the most frequent one being clenched hand and radial aplasia.[] A prenatal diagnosis of ductal-dependent, complex congenital heart disease was made in a fetus with trisomy 18.[] METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients with trisomy 18 and congenital heart disease from 2005 to 2017 was performed.[]

  • Marfan Syndrome

    Colorado Fetal Care Center Colorectal and Urogenital Care Heart Complex Congenital Heart Disease & Development Clinic Orthopedics Concussion Program Surgery Craniofacial[] […] arachnodactyly protrusion of thumb beyond fist when clenched ( Steinberg sign ) flexion deformity of the 5 th finger pelvis / lower limbs pes planus hallux valgus clubfoot[] Steinberg's thumb sign - a flexed thumb grasped within a clenched palm protrudes beyond the ulnar border of that hand.[]

  • Pierre Robin Syndrome

    Congenital heart disease occurs in about 20 percent of patients with Pierre Robin syndrome.[] Symptoms include cleft lip or palate, clenched hands (with outer fingers on top of the inner fingers), close-set eyes, decreased muscle tone, extra fingers or toes (polydactyl[] Because growth is altered in the mandible but may not be altered in other parts of the face, a dysmorphism of the features may progress and become more prominent with age[]

  • Crouzon Syndrome

    Second-trimester molecular prenatal diagnosis of sporadic Apert syndrome following sonographic findings of mild ventriculomegaly and clenched hands mimicking trisomy 18.[] Child had episodes of cyanosis while crying for which he was evaluated by cardiologist and congenital cyanotic heart diseases were ruled out.[]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis 1H

    Limitations in hand function, such as fist clenching and flexion deformities especially in distal interphalangeal joints (DIJ) and ulnar deviation, were common features.[]

  • Trisomy 9

    hands with thumb adduction and ulnar deviation.[] A distinct trisomy 9 syndrome can be recognised with intrauterine growth retardation, short survival, consistent facial dysmorphism, congenital heart disease, and abnormalities[] The second fetus showed a dysmorphic face, bilateral cleft lip, hypoplastic corpus callosum, and a Dandy-Walker malformation.[]

  • Cornelia De Lange Syndrome

    […] contrast, other features characteristic of isochromosome 18p, namely microstomia, prominent upper lip, pinched nose, asymmetric long face, long and narrow fingers/toes, clenched[] Congenital heart disease (CHD) is not a major criterion of the disease, but it affects many individuals.[] Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare, congenital syndrome characterized by growth retardation, dysmorphic face, mental retardation and limb reduction defects.[]

  • Craniosynostosis

    Second-trimester molecular prenatal diagnosis of sporadic Apert syndrome following sonographic findings of mild ventriculomegaly and clenched hands mimicking trisomy 18.[] Children with congenital heart disease undergoing noncardiac surgery have an increased risk of perioperative morbidity and cardiac arrest.[] Syndromic craniosynostosis is associated with various dysmorphisms involving the face, skeleton, nervous system, and other anomalies and is usually accompanied by developmental[]

  • Pseudohypoparathyroidism

    Congenital heart disease and its related symptoms, heart murmur. Speech delay. Abnormal facies: cleft palate, micrognathia, ear abnormalities.[] […] and third metacarpal in the left hand Figure 3: Hands of an adult with AHO showing knuckle dimples in the clenched fists Figure 4: Feet of a child with AHO showing extreme[] […] bones Figure 1 : Hand of a child with AHO showing short stubby fingers Figure 2: Hands of a child with AHO showing marked shortening of the fourth metacarpal in the right hand[]

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