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286 Possible Causes for Clonus, Electrolyte Imbalance, Hyperreflexia, Increased Ankle Reflex

  • Stroke

    Hence timely correction of water and electrolyte imbalance, and administration of cardiometabolic therapy, is necessary[ 180 ].[doi.org] Focal seizures were distinguished clinically from clonus, spasms, and recurrent strokes. 8 9 Electroencephalograms were not routinely performed.[doi.org]

  • Tetanus

    imbalance, meningitis, poliomyelitis, cerebrovascular accident, Guillain-Barré syndrome, chemical food poisoning, tick paralysis, Reye syndrome, hypothyroidism, heavy metal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration; generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia[icd9data.com] Tetanus is a life-threatening neurological syndrome characterised by tonic muscle spasms and hyperreflexia, caused by the exotoxin of Clostridium tetani , a gram-positive[bestpractice.bmj.com] […] diseases enter into the differential diagnosis, including pharyngitis, gastroenteritis, sepsis, intestinal obstruction, myasthenia gravis, encephalitis, muscular dystrophy, electrolyte[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myelopathy

    , Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia), Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus), Scratching[necksolutions.com] […] with radicular symptoms - 16% had pure myelopathic symptoms - 23% had a combination of myelopathic and radiculopathy - upper motor neuron findings such as hyper-reflexia, clonus[wheelessonline.com] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Motor weakness in the extremities Gait difficulties ("spastic gait," hesitant and jerky) Myelopathic or "upper motor neuron" findings such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus[emoryhealthcare.org]

    Missing: Electrolyte Imbalance
  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Thus these medical signs will become pathological: Increased tension in the leg muscles (Hyperreflexia) Accentuated reflexes of the knee and ankle Forced extension of the[dr-bertagnoli.com] BACKGROUND: Gait dysfunction associated with spasticity and hyperreflexia is a primary symptom in patients with compression of cervical spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] , Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia), Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus), Scratching[necksolutions.com] Motor weakness in the extremities Gait difficulties ("spastic gait," hesitant and jerky) Myelopathic or "upper motor neuron" findings such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus[emoryhealthcare.org]

    Missing: Electrolyte Imbalance
  • Spastic Paraplegia

    […] of deep tendon reflexes in the legs, loss of ankle flexibility, and decrease of sensation in the legs.[encyclopedia.com] The knee-jerk is excessive and ankle-clonus is easily obtained.[henriettes-herb.com] On neurological examination, he showed hyperreflexia, spasticity, and weakness in the lower extremities and bilateral Babinski reflexes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] reduction of nerve transmission giving rise to various clinical manifestations such as paresthesias, loss of vibratory sensation, and proprioception.Severe weakness, spasticity, clonus[explainmedicine.com]

    Missing: Electrolyte Imbalance
  • Spinal Cord Lesion

    These signs include increased deep tendon reflexes and muscle tone, a plantar extensor response (upgoing toe), clonus (most commonly found at the ankle by rapidly flexing[merckmanuals.com] (spinal cord concussion): - usually invovles 24-72 hour period of paralysis, hypotonia, & areflexia, and at its conclusion there may be hyperreflexia, hypertonicity, and clonus[wheelessonline.com] Abstract Autonomic hyperreflexia is a serious peripartum complication associated with spinal cord lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperreflexia ( Babinski, clonus) HypertoniaMain Menu Content Menu Legend Exit 15. R L Lesion of the right lateral spinothalamic tract at L1 produces what impairment?[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Electrolyte Imbalance
  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    Muscle tone was slightly increased in the lower limbs. There was no clonus. Deep tendon reflexes were traced in the upper extremities, 2 at the knees, 2 at the ankles.[egms.de] An areflexic cystometrogram tended to change to a low compliance bladder, followed by detrusor hyperreflexia or a normal cystometrogram.[nature.com] No ankle clonus was observed. Babinski’s sign was the plantar response. The anal sphincter tone was intact.[karger.com] Neurological Examination: spastic paraplegia, Babinski sign bilateral patellar, hyperreflexia and aquiliana, sensorial level T4.[omicsonline.org]

    Missing: Electrolyte Imbalance
  • Cervical Spondylosis

    Objective neurological deficit (upper motor neurone signs in the legs (eg, up-going plantars, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity); lower motor neurone signs in the arms (eg[patient.info] Eleven patients (58%) had lower limb hyperreflexia or Babinski sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On physical examination, you may find some or many of the following: clonus or spasticity of the lower extremities sensory changes (light touch, pinprick sensation, or temperature[americannursetoday.com] Objective neurological deficit (upper motor neurone signs in the legs (eg, up-going plantars, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity); lower motor neurone signs in the arms (eg[patient.info]

    Missing: Electrolyte Imbalance
  • Spinal Cord Injury

    Upper motor neurone signs in the lower limbs (Babinski's sign: up-going plantar reflex, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity).[patient.info] Spasticity is characterized as hyperreflexia and hypertonicity as a result of damage to the supraspinal tracts in the aftermath of SCI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] spinal cord injury (SCI) and other types of upper motor neuron injury. [30] Spasticity causes resistance to passive motion of the limbs, exaggerated deep tendon reflexes, clonus[emedicine.com] BACKGROUND: Tibialis Anterior (TA) cutaneous reflex (CR) activity evoked following cutaneous stimulation of the plantar (Pl) surface (Pl-TA CR) has demonstrated hyperreflexia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Electrolyte Imbalance
  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    His motor and sensory exams and reflexes are normal although he does exhibit mild finger clonus. The patient was referred for an MRI of the cervical spine.[radsource.us] Hyperreflexia may follow initial symptoms, and a positive Babinski reflex may be elicited.[symptoma.com] Initially areflexia is present due to spinal shock but, hyperreflexia and spasticity appear later The most common form is anterior spinal artery syndrome.[sci-recovery.org] Initial areflexia changes to hyperreflexia with the presence of Babinski signs.[aibolita.com]

    Missing: Electrolyte Imbalance

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