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621 Possible Causes for Clonus, Hyperreflexia

  • Dementia

    […] of a frontal lobe dysfunction including apathy with motor impersistence, presence of primitive reflexes, generalized hyperreflexia with bilateral Hoffman sign and ankle clonus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical examination revealed several elements of a frontal lobe dysfunction including apathy with motor impersistence, presence of primitive reflexes, generalized hyperreflexia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Increased tension in the leg muscles (Hyperreflexia) Accentuated reflexes of the knee and ankle Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus[dr-bertagnoli.com] Gait dysfunction associated with spasticity and hyperreflexia is a primary symptom in patients with compression of cervical spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Motor weakness in the extremities Gait difficulties ("spastic gait," hesitant and jerky) Myelopathic or "upper motor neuron" findings such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus[emoryhealthcare.org]

  • Myelopathy

    […] with radicular symptoms - 16% had pure myelopathic symptoms - 23% had a combination of myelopathic and radiculopathy - upper motor neuron findings such as hyper-reflexia, clonus[wheelessonline.com] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Motor weakness in the extremities Gait difficulties ("spastic gait," hesitant and jerky) Myelopathic or "upper motor neuron" findings such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus[emoryhealthcare.org]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    A patient’s reflexes may vary from being absent to hyperreflexia with clonus (rhythmic muscle spasms or contractions) and extensor plantar responses (a/k/a Babinski responses[matzuslaw.com] Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] Patellar clonus was present, with hypoesthesia below D 9 level. The chest x-ray was within normal limits.[atmph.org]

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    Upper motor neurone signs in the lower limbs (Babinski's sign: up-going plantar reflex, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity).[patient.info] Spasticity is characterized as hyperreflexia and hypertonicity as a result of damage to the supraspinal tracts in the aftermath of SCI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tibialis Anterior (TA) cutaneous reflex (CR) activity evoked following cutaneous stimulation of the plantar (Pl) surface (Pl-TA CR) has demonstrated hyperreflexia and damage[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    The knee-jerk is excessive and ankle-clonus is easily obtained.[henriettes-herb.com] On neurological examination, he showed hyperreflexia, spasticity, and weakness in the lower extremities and bilateral Babinski reflexes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] reduction of nerve transmission giving rise to various clinical manifestations such as paresthesias, loss of vibratory sensation, and proprioception.Severe weakness, spasticity, clonus[explainmedicine.com]

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    On physical examination, you may find some or many of the following: clonus or spasticity of the lower extremities sensory changes (light touch, pinprick sensation, or temperature[americannursetoday.com] Eleven patients (58%) had lower limb hyperreflexia or Babinski sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Some myelopathic signs include hyperreflexia of deep tendon reflexes of the upper and lower extremities, increased muscle tone or clonus, and the presence of pathological[termedia.pl]

  • Spinal Cord Lesion

    (spinal cord concussion): - usually invovles 24-72 hour period of paralysis, hypotonia, & areflexia, and at its conclusion there may be hyperreflexia, hypertonicity, and clonus[wheelessonline.com] Autonomic hyperreflexia is a serious peripartum complication associated with spinal cord lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperreflexia ( Babinski, clonus) HypertoniaMain Menu Content Menu Legend Exit 15. R L Lesion of the right lateral spinothalamic tract at L1 produces what impairment?[slideshare.net]

  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    His motor and sensory exams and reflexes are normal although he does exhibit mild finger clonus. The patient was referred for an MRI of the cervical spine.[radsource.us] Hyperreflexia may follow initial symptoms, and a positive Babinski reflex may be elicited.[symptoma.com] Initially areflexia is present due to spinal shock but, hyperreflexia and spasticity appear later The most common form is anterior spinal artery syndrome.[sci-recovery.org]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    There was no clonus. Deep tendon reflexes were traced in the upper extremities, 2 at the knees, 2 at the ankles. Toe signs were silent. There was no spine tenderness.[egms.de] An areflexic cystometrogram tended to change to a low compliance bladder, followed by detrusor hyperreflexia or a normal cystometrogram.[nature.com] No ankle clonus was observed. Babinski’s sign was the plantar response. The anal sphincter tone was intact.[karger.com]

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