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205 Possible Causes for Clonus, Hyperreflexia, Muscle Twitch

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    Upper motor neurone signs in the lower limbs (Babinski's sign: up-going plantar reflex, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity).[patient.info] Spasticity is characterized as hyperreflexia and hypertonicity as a result of damage to the supraspinal tracts in the aftermath of SCI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This eventually leads to muscle weakening, twitching, and an inability to move the arms, legs, and body. The condition slowly gets worse.[neuralstem.com]

  • Myelopathy

    […] with radicular symptoms - 16% had pure myelopathic symptoms - 23% had a combination of myelopathic and radiculopathy - upper motor neuron findings such as hyper-reflexia, clonus[wheelessonline.com] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Motor weakness in the extremities Gait difficulties ("spastic gait," hesitant and jerky) Myelopathic or "upper motor neuron" findings such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus[emoryhealthcare.org]

  • Spinal Cord Lesion

    (spinal cord concussion): - usually invovles 24-72 hour period of paralysis, hypotonia, & areflexia, and at its conclusion there may be hyperreflexia, hypertonicity, and clonus[wheelessonline.com] Abstract Autonomic hyperreflexia is a serious peripartum complication associated with spinal cord lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperreflexia ( Babinski, clonus) HypertoniaMain Menu Content Menu Legend Exit 15. R L Lesion of the right lateral spinothalamic tract at L1 produces what impairment?[slideshare.net]

  • Strychnine Poisoning

    The ten main symptoms of strychnine poisoning: Initial symptoms are tightness and twitching of the muscles, agitation and hyperreflexia. Stiffness of the body. Lockjaw.[chm.bris.ac.uk] Strychnine poisoning usually manifests with a prodrome of nausea, agitation, muscle twitching and spasms that develops within minutes of ingestion, but occasionally may not[lifeinthefastlane.com] […] taste Clonic-tonic convulsions Opisthotonos: arching back Emprosthotonos: arching forward Pleurothotonus: bending sideward Risus Sardonicus: Evil fixed grin Dilated pupils Hyperreflexia[medpreponline.com]

  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    His motor and sensory exams and reflexes are normal although he does exhibit mild finger clonus. The patient was referred for an MRI of the cervical spine.[radsource.us] Hyperreflexia may follow initial symptoms, and a positive Babinski reflex may be elicited.[symptoma.com] Initially areflexia is present due to spinal shock but, hyperreflexia and spasticity appear later The most common form is anterior spinal artery syndrome.[sci-recovery.org]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    No ankle clonus was observed. Babinski’s sign was the plantar response. The anal sphincter tone was intact.[karger.com] An areflexic cystometrogram tended to change to a low compliance bladder, followed by detrusor hyperreflexia or a normal cystometrogram.[nature.com] Deep tendon reflexes were generalized hyperreflexia. No ankle clonus was observed. Babinski’s sign was the plantar response. The anal sphincter tone was intact.[karger.com]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    […] filtration rate [eGFR] 15 mL/min/1.73 m 2 ), neuromuscular symptoms may be present, including coarse muscular twitches, peripheral sensory and motor neuropathies, muscle cramps, hyperreflexia[merckmanuals.com] […] mass muscle twitching and cramps easy bruising and bleeding blood in your stools hiccups excessive thirst decreased interest in sex impotence insomnia sleep apnea You may[healthline.com] twitching or cramps Breath odor Easy bruising, or blood in the stool Excessive thirst Frequent hiccups Problems with sexual function Menstrual periods stop (amenorrhea) Shortness[ufhealth.org]

  • Tetanus

    […] usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration; generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia[icd9data.com] ‘As we normally use our muscles, the individual fibers go into tetanus for brief periods rather than simply undergoing single twitches.’[en.oxforddictionaries.com] Tetanus is a life-threatening neurological syndrome characterised by tonic muscle spasms and hyperreflexia, caused by the exotoxin of Clostridium tetani , a gram-positive[bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    It is part of the upper motor neurone syndrome manifesting as increased tone, clonus, spasms, spastic dystonia and co-contractions.[dx.doi.org] […] of the facial muscles): May also be a presenting symptom Eye symptoms: Including diplopia on lateral gaze (33% of patients) Heat intolerance Constitutional symptoms: Especially[emedicine.medscape.com] […] dysarthria (scanning speech), nystagmus, and intention tremor Optic neuritis Trigeminal neuralgia: Bilateral facial weakness or trigeminal neuralgia Facial myokymia (irregular twitching[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com]

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