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627 Possible Causes for Clonus, Hyperreflexia, Neck Pain, Spinal Cord Compression

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    Cervical spondylosis is an extremely common condition causing spinal cord compression, and yet it very rarely causes secondary syrinx formation.[] On physical examination, you may find some or many of the following: clonus or spasticity of the lower extremities sensory changes (light touch, pinprick sensation, or temperature[] Eleven patients (58%) had lower limb hyperreflexia or Babinski sign.[] Secondary outcome measures include quality of life, adverse events, and relapse of neck pain.[]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Myelopathy occurs when the spinal cord is compressed. Spinal cord compression can cause neurologic symptoms—such as pain, numbness, or difficulty walking.[] Increased tension in the leg muscles (Hyperreflexia) Accentuated reflexes of the knee and ankle Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus[] Gait dysfunction associated with spasticity and hyperreflexia is a primary symptom in patients with compression of cervical spinal cord.[] The incidence of neck pain cervical spondylotic myelopathy is also a very common presentation and patients that present without neck pain require more careful diagnoses and[]

  • Spinal Epidural Hematoma

    With spinal cord compression, there is an indication for urgent surgical decompression.[] At the neurological examination, he was found to have tetra-hyposthenia with tetra-hyperreflexia.[] Mild neck pain had developed 1 week prior with no obvious predisposing causes.[] Here, we report the case of 77-year-old woman who presented with spinal cord compression due to spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma associated with hemodialysis.[]

  • Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia

    Spinal cord compression, infectious, inflammatory, metabolic and ischemic myelopathies must be ruled out.[] These include presence of clonus, undeveloped speech, and sleep disturbances. Our findings extend the phenotypic spectrum associated with the TFG mutations in HSP.[] Orthostatic intolerance, urinary symptoms, hyperreflexia in the biceps and knee jerk, and decreased proprioception in both limbs were observed on neurological examinations[] Type III syndrome is characterized by neck pain which radiates to the medial scapula, chest wall, shoulder area, or head.[4].[]

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Tumor

    Spinal cord compression happens when pressure on the spinal cord stops the nerves working normally. Spinal cord compression is an emergency.[] Coming down the stairs or stepping off a curb will reveal ankle clonus felt as "vibrations" by patient.[] The neurologic examination usually reveals symmetric weakness with either flaccidity and hyporeflexia (if the diagnosis is made early) or spasticity and hyperreflexia (if[] What Cervical Spine Pain May Mean Neck pain can be debilitating and there is a wide range of possible causes.[]

  • Neurenteric Cyst

    An MRI scan revealed a cervicothoracic intradural extramedullary neurenteric cyst at the thoracic T1/T2 level, with marked spinal cord compression.[] A 32-year-old woman presented with chronic headaches and worsening nausea, tinnitus, dizziness, and hyperreflexia and clonus in her lower extremities.[] Both of these patients had apparent neck pain without neurological deficit. MRI revealed neurenteric cysts located at C7 and C7-T1 levels.[] […] medicación Cerebritis Cervicobraquialgia Charcot-Wilbrand síndrome Charcot-Marie-Tooth síndrome Chiari malformaciones de Ciclopía Cinetosis Claude-Bernard-Horner síndrome Clonus[]

  • Achondroplasia

    In subsequent decades, including adolescence, spinal cord and nerve compression are more prominent.[] Suboccipital decompression if required is done to reduce pressure on the brain in case of problems related to the lower limbs like clonus, central hypopnea and hyperreflexia[] Despite a negative computed tomography scan of the cervical spine and absence of neck pain, a magnetic resonance imaging evaluation was obtained due to severe neurologic deficits[] When there are problems with the lower limbs, such as hyperreflexia, clonus or central hypopnea, then surgery called suboccipital decompression is performed to decrease pressure[]

  • Meningism

    A case of spinal subarachnoid haemorrhage with progressive spinal cord compression and without any evidence of meningism is described.[] Do not confuse clonus with myoclonus ![] , And later - of abuse, and a large hole.Often a long time subdural effusion is oligosymptomatic, appears only repeated vomiting, refusal of food, hyperreflexia or hypokinesia[] Then, neck MRI was performed for the exploration of neck pain and stiffness.[]

  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome

    This case shows that intralesional alcohol injection cannot be considered a safe technique for management of vertebral hemangiomas with spinal cord compression.[] Neurologic exam revealed decreased strength in the right arm and leg, decreased pin prick on the left side up to the left nipple and clonus of the right foot.[] The examination of the right lower extremity showed hyperreflexia and 4/5 strength for all muscle groups.[] No recurrence of stroke, but neck pain and dizziness remained after 6 months of discharge.[]

  • Myelopathy

    We compared the neurological outcomes between radiotherapy and surgery in patients with metastatic spinal cord compression presenting with myelopathy.[] […] with radicular symptoms - 16% had pure myelopathic symptoms - 23% had a combination of myelopathic and radiculopathy - upper motor neuron findings such as hyper-reflexia, clonus[] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[] Pain, Cervical Radiculopathy, and Cervical Myelopathy:...[]

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