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100 Possible Causes for Clonus, Hyperreflexia, Radiculopathy

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    Objective neurological deficit (upper motor neurone signs in the legs (eg, up-going plantars, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity); lower motor neurone signs in the arms (eg[patient.info] Eleven patients (58%) had lower limb hyperreflexia or Babinski sign.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The dilated internal vertebral venous plexus attributable to epidural AVF was considered to be responsible for the radiculopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Myelopathy

    Physical examination revealed significant increase in deep tendon reflexes in the lower extremities and clonus. Hoffman's sign was positive in the left upper extremity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical hyperreflexia was tested at the MCP joint, using a six-axis load cell.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] To determine whether: 1) surgical treatment of cervical radiculopathy or myelopathy is associated with improved outcome, compared with conservative management and 2) timing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Motor weakness in the extremities Gait difficulties ("spastic gait," hesitant and jerky) Myelopathic or "upper motor neuron" findings such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus[emoryhealthcare.org] BACKGROUND: Gait dysfunction associated with spasticity and hyperreflexia is a primary symptom in patients with compression of cervical spinal cord.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] radiculopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    A patient’s reflexes may vary from being absent to hyperreflexia with clonus (rhythmic muscle spasms or contractions) and extensor plantar responses (a/k/a Babinski responses[matzuslaw.com] Massive Disc Herniation, Spinal Epidural Abscess or Bony Metastasis) Vertebral Fractures, Osteomyelitis Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) Note - Cord Compression is a UMN lesion (Hyperreflexia[emdidactic.blogspot.com] The diagnosis is often delayed, and radiculopathy accompanied by severe disability or even paralysis are seen in severe stages of the disease.[symptoma.com]

  • Spastic Paraplegia

    This case showed spasticity and hyperreflexia with pathological reflexes and ankle clonus as well as muscle weakness in all extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cervical spondylosis It can be organized into three clinical syndromes including Type I Syndrome which called Cervical Radiculopathy, Type II Syndrome or Cervical Myelopathy[explainmedicine.com] The knee-jerk is excessive and ankle-clonus is easily obtained.[henriettes-herb.com]

  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    We report a case of 49-year-old man with a history of chronic cervical radiculopathy, who experienced a devastating complication after TFESI.[omicsonline.org] His motor and sensory exams and reflexes are normal although he does exhibit mild finger clonus. The patient was referred for an MRI of the cervical spine.[radsource.us] Hyperreflexia may follow initial symptoms, and a positive Babinski reflex may be elicited.[symptoma.com]

  • Subacute Transverse Myelitis

    No ankle clonus was observed. Babinski’s sign was the plantar response. The anal sphincter tone was intact.[karger.com] An areflexic cystometrogram tended to change to a low compliance bladder, followed by detrusor hyperreflexia or a normal cystometrogram.[nature.com] Initial symptoms may resemble those of radiculopathy.[neuroweb.us]

  • Spinal Cord Injury

    Upper motor neurone signs in the lower limbs (Babinski's sign: up-going plantar reflex, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity).[patient.info] Spasticity is characterized as hyperreflexia and hypertonicity as a result of damage to the supraspinal tracts in the aftermath of SCI.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The procedure is also suggested in the setting of spinal nerve impingement with progressive radiculopathy, in patients with extradural lesions such as epidural hematomas or[emedicine.com]

  • Spinal Epidural Hematoma

    At the neurological examination, he was found to have tetra-hyposthenia with tetra-hyperreflexia.[em-consulte.com] A 73-year-old woman with postlaminectomy pain syndrome and lumbar radiculopathy underwent percutaneous spinal cord stimulator lead placement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The natural resolution of a lumbar spontaneous epidural hematoma and associated radiculopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1994; 19 (1): 67-9[ PubMed ] 16.[anesthpain.com]

  • Cervical Spine Disease

    Upper motor neurone signs in the lower limbs (Babinski's sign - up-going plantar reflex, hyperreflexia, clonus, spasticity).[patient.info] RESULTS: Patients most frequently present with hyperreflexia (21%) and weakness (21%), and there were various conservative treatment strategies.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Definition: A pinched nerve is clinically known as a “radiculopathy.”[dallasneurosurgical.com]

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