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1,930 Possible Causes for Clonus, Psychiatric Manifestation, Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). Extensive and repeated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations showed only diffuse abnormality in brain and spinal cord, but no focal lesions. We propose[…][]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Psychiatric manifestations of multiple sclerosis: A review. Can J Psychiatry 1996 ; 41: 441 – 445. Google Scholar SAGE Journals ISI 5. Patten, SB, Svenson, LW, Metz, LM.[] It is part of the upper motor neurone syndrome manifesting as increased tone, clonus, spasms, spastic dystonia and co-contractions.[] Fatigue and psychiatric symptoms, such as depression or euphoria, can also be manifestations of MS. Symptoms (attacks) of MS need disseminated in “time and space.”[]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    Psychiatric manifestation of SSPE. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 2006;18:560. [ PUBMED ] 3. Kartal A, Kurt AN, Gürkas E, Aydin K, Serdaroglu A.[] Gradually the clinical picture progressed to diffuse rigidity, brisk reflexes with clonus and multifocal myoclonus.[] In the earlier stages of the disease, psychiatric manifestations, such as behavioral changes, mood swings, depression, and cognitive decline, are noted.[]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Spastic Paraplegia

    Non-neurological manifestations may include ophthalmological abnormalities (cataracts, retinitis pigmentosa, macular degeneration), and orthopedic abnormalities (scoliosis[] This case showed spasticity and hyperreflexia with pathological reflexes and ankle clonus as well as muscle weakness in all extremities.[] Clinical features that may be recognized from birth in the Amish, where the condition occurs at an increased frequency, include low birth weight, relative macrocephaly, triangular[]

  • Overdose

    He presented to the emergency department with delirium, tachycardia, clonus and hyperthermia of 38.0 C.[] After approximately 72 h, the patient developed symptoms of fever, lower leg clonus, hyperreflexia, and agitation.[] He had a heart rate of 110 bpm, but had an otherwise normal examination, with no clonus or extrapyramidal effects. He was unable to mobilize due to dizziness and ataxia.[]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Stroke

    While spasms of this muscle constitute the hallmark of disease, other motor manifestations include increased spontaneous blinking and apraxia of eyelid opening.[] Focal seizures were distinguished clinically from clonus, spasms, and recurrent strokes. 8 9 Electroencephalograms were not routinely performed.[] Originally misdiagnosed as a psychiatric condition, blepharospasm is now well established as being of neurological origin although questions remain as to its pathophysiological[]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Dementia

    The first step to better understand the psychiatric manifestations of dementia is to appropriately recognize and describe the psychopathology and accurately distinguish between[] […] of a frontal lobe dysfunction including apathy with motor impersistence, presence of primitive reflexes, generalized hyperreflexia with bilateral Hoffman sign and ankle clonus[] […] by difficulties in memory, disturbances in language, psychological and psychiatric changes, and impairments in activities of daily living.[]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    HE produces a wide spectrum of nonspecific neurological and psychiatric manifestations. Minimal HE is diagnosed by abnormal psychometric tests.[] […] symptoms is disturbance in diurnal sleep patterns e) Spectrum of presentation is broad, but some signs to be aware of are: bradykinesia, asterixis, hyperreflexia, ataxia, clonus[] Clinically, it can manifests as a wide spectrum of neurological or psychiatric abnormalities.[]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Psychosis

    According to the literature, this psychiatric manifestation resolves within 2 weeks of discontinuing the offending agent.[] […] when psychosis is comorbid with: age 40 neurologic complaints (such as headache, numbness, vertigo, seizures) focal neurologic findings (such as weakness, gait abnormality, clonus[] There is growing evidence that a proportion of psychosis/ psychiatric manifestations in children may be immunemediated, and physicians should consider this etiology in each[]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Autistic Disorder

    CRS may lead to new physical symptoms during adolescence or adulthood, referred to as "late manifestations".[] Brain Overgrowth and Macrocephaly The findings of early postnatal brain “overgrowth” in ASD followed by normalization or relative growth arrest in childhood are intriguing[] […] linked with the manifestation of catatonia.[]

    Missing: Clonus

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