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1,343 Possible Causes for Clonus May Occur, Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes, Spastic Paralysis

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 4

    Infantile-onset ascending spastic paralysis (IAHSP) [MIM:607225]: Characterized by progressive spasticity and weakness of limbs. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12145748}.[genecards.org] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] paralysis AR 33 68 ANG Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis AD 8 37 ATL1 Spastic paraplegia, Neuropathy, hereditary sensory AD 29 84 BSCL2 Lipodystrophy, congenital generalized,[blueprintgenetics.com]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    There are also rare progressive, autosomal recessive upper motor neuron degenerations (Infantile –Onset Ascending Hereditary Spastic Paralysis, Juvenile Primary Lateral Sclerosis[neuropathology-web.org] Signs: Upper Motor Neuron Lesion findings Muscle group weakness (not complete paralysis) Minimal muscle atrophy "Clasp-knife" spasticity Initial resistance to motion is strongest[fpnotebook.com] […] degeneration of the UMNs and LMNs, culminating in respiratory paralysis.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Clonus May Occur
  • Paraplegia

    To any one interested in the physiologic implications of lesions of the spinal cord and the general problem of spastic paralysis few subjects can be more fascinating.[jamanetwork.com] Clonus Present Absent 6. Mass reflex Absent May be present 7. Bladder Precipitancy Automatic bladder 7.[slideshare.net] .  it occurs in lower motor neuron diseases  due to loss of stimulatory innervation to muscle.  decreased muscle tone, atrophied muscle, absent deep tendon reflexes, flexor[slideshare.net]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Infantile-Onset Ascending Hereditary Spastic Paralysis

    Infantile Ascending Hereditary Spastic Paralysis - How is Infantile Ascending Hereditary Spastic Paralysis abbreviated?[acronyms.thefreedictionary.com] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] IAHSP stands for "Infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis" How to abbreviate Infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis?[allacronyms.com]

    Missing: Clonus May Occur
  • Juvenile Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    Differential diagnosis Differential diagnoses include the allelic disorders juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis[orpha.net] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] Disease Type of connection Autosomal recessive spastic paraplegia type 18 Infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis Juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Recessive[csbg.cnb.csic.es]

    Missing: Clonus May Occur
  • Stroke

    Cerebral hemisphere infarcts may cause: Contralateral hemiplegia which is initially flaccid (floppy limb, falls like a dead weight when lifted) and then becomes spastic.[patient.info] Posterior circulation ischaemia [ 1 ] : Motor deficits (weakness, clumsiness, or paralysis of any combination of arms and legs, up to quadriplegia, sometimes changing from[patient.info]

    Missing: Clonus May Occur Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    […] neurons; characterized by speech and swallowing difficulties, emotional instability, and spasmodic, mirthless laughter. pseudobulbar palsy Pseudobulbar paralysis, spastic[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] brainstem reflexes (eg, jaw jerk), the dissociation of automatic and volitional movements of the bulbar muscles with preservation of automatic movements, and the absence[medlink.com] Pseudobulbar palsy is a clinical syndrome of dysarthria, dysphagia, a hyperactive gag reflex and labile emotional responses.[radiopaedia.org]

    Missing: Clonus May Occur
  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com] Later symptoms may include: Fatigue Muscle spasticity and stiffness Tremors Paralysis Pain Vertigo Speech or swallowing difficulty Loss of bowel and bladder control Incontinence[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Clonus May Occur Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Muscle Spasticity

    Even though I can now initiate movement in all four of my limbs, my stiffness resulting from spastic paralysis and unintentional spasms can counteract most of all my intentional[shieldhealthcare.com] Symptoms may include hypertonicity (increased muscle tone), clonus (a series of rapid muscle contractions, usually in the ankle or wrist), exaggerated deep tendon reflexes[activemsers.org] What is spasticity? Spasticity is a side effect of paralysis that varies from mild muscle stiffness to severe, uncontrollable leg movements.[christopherreeve.org]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Paraparesis

    Infantile ascending hereditary spastic paralysis (IAHSP) clinical features in 11 families . Neurology. 2003 ;60: 674 - 682 .[journals.sagepub.com] Rhythmic muscular contractions after a tendon’s stretch reflex is termed clonus and is most commonly seen at the Achilles’ tendon, but it may also occur during reflex examination[nejm.org] Tropical spastic paralysis (called HAM - HTLV-1-associated myelopathy, TSP - tropical spastic paraparesis) is a disease much more frequently observed in women.[lekarzkatowice.blogspot.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes

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