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23 Possible Causes for Cognitive Defect, Encephalomalacia, Limb Joint Contracture

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[] A well-circumscribed region of cerebrospinal fluid–like low density, resulting from encephalomalacia and cystic change, is eventually seen.[]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[] It shows that newborn children with acquired infections, not caused by infection of the mother or of the placenta, are also prone to develop Cerebral Palsy and cognitive defects[]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    ; and if the ischemia is still more severe or prolonged, all the gray and white matter in the ischemic zone becomes necrotic, a condition known as cerebral infarction or encephalomalacia[] Increase ROM of joints and address contractures and deformity if present. Watch for decubitus ulcers.[] Common structural defects include birth defects, anencephaly, hypospadias, and spina bifida.[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    […] ataxia, slapping foot) joint or muscle contractures neurological examination muscle spasticity increased deep tendon reflexes muscle weakness Babinski positive special tests[] This disorder is characterized by normal cognition, coarse faces and dysostosis multiplex, hepatosplenomegaly, and cardiac valve disease.[] ), lack of coordination, tremor, incontinence and cognitive impairment [ 1, 2 ].[]

  • Worster-Drought Syndrome

    […] old infarct Figure 2 Figure 2: Axial DW MRI showing focus of restricted diffusion in the left posterior frontal lobe Figure 3 Figure 3: Axial FLAIR MRI showing a region of encephalomalacia[] limbs (predominantly contractures with one child having multiple congenital joint contractures, i.e. arythrogryposis multiplex).[] […] impairment Abnormality of cognition Cognitive abnormality Cognitive defects Cognitive deficits Intellectual impairment Mental impairment [ more ] 0100543 Hyperreflexia Increased[]

  • Meningomyelocele

    CNS pathology in addition to the shunted hydrocephalus included encephalomalacia in 7, cerebral malformations in 2, and calcifications in 1. [ 1 ] COMMENT.[] Children with meningomyelocele often present with joint contractures, spinal and lower limb deformities.[] defects, bowel and bladder dysfunction, and social and emotional challenges.[]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy Type 2

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[] Reflexes were reduced in the upper limbs and absent in lower limbs. There were no joint contractures.[] […] infantile SCN9A Paroxysmal extreme pain disorder SLC2A1 Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, GLUT1 deficiency syndrome, Stomatin-deficient cryohydrocytosis with neurologic defects[]

  • Cleidocranial Dysplasia

    His current neuroimaging studies revealed extensive cystic encephalomalacia beneath the defective skull, suggesting that his cognitive decline could likely be attributed to[] contractures Severe vertebral & limb anomalies w/absence of cervical vertebrae Mandibuloacral dysplasia (OMIM PS248370 ) LMNA, ZMPSTE24 AR Short stature, delayed closure[] contractures Severe vertebral & limb anomalies w/absence of cervical vertebrae Mandibuloacral dysplasia (OMIM PS248370 ) LMNA , ZMPSTE24 AR Short stature, delayed closure[]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    Louis Encephalitis, Tick-Borne Encephalitis, Varicella Zoster Encephalitis, Viral Encephalitozoonosis Encephalocele Encephalomalacia Encephalomyelitis Encephalomyelitis, Acute[] ]; Joint contractures; [Hands]; Fifth finger clinodactyly; Brachydactyly NEUROLOGIC: [Central nervous system]; Hypotonia (infancy); Spasticity; Mental retardation; Hydrocephalus[] Many patients have cognitive delays and some are mildly retarded. Postnatal growth is subnormal and obesity is common.[]

  • Severe Neonatal-Onset Encephalopathy with Microcephaly

    In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[] Many have generalized lymphadenopathy. [1] Joint pain, knee valgus or varus, limb length differences are common.[] Clinically, affected individuals show an L-DOPA-responsive, diurnally fluctuating movement disorder usually associated with cognitive delay and severe neurologic dysfunction[]

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