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23 Possible Causes for Cognitive Defect, Encephalomalacia, Limb Joint Contracture

  • Stroke

    In contrast, DWI remains elevated due to persistent high T2/FLAIR signal ( T2 shine through ), unless hemorrhage ( T2 blackout ) or cystic encephalomalacia 10.[radiopaedia.org] […] disuse of the limb with the use of splints or other tools to stabilize the joint.[en.wikipedia.org] A well-circumscribed region of cerebrospinal fluid–like low density, resulting from encephalomalacia and cystic change, is eventually seen.[emedicine.com]

  • Cerebral Palsy

    Cystic encephalomalacia in the left temporal and parietal regions, delayed myelination, decreased white matter volume, and enlarged ventricles can be seen in this image.[emedicine.com] Physical indicators of spastic cerebral palsy include spastic paresis of multiple limbs and joint contractures , scissors gait, and persistence of primitive reflexes .[amboss.com] It shows that newborn children with acquired infections, not caused by infection of the mother or of the placenta, are also prone to develop Cerebral Palsy and cognitive defects[web.archive.org]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    ; and if the ischemia is still more severe or prolonged, all the gray and white matter in the ischemic zone becomes necrotic, a condition known as cerebral infarction or encephalomalacia[encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com] Increase ROM of joints and address contractures and deformity if present. Watch for decubitus ulcers.[quizlet.com] Common structural defects include birth defects, anencephaly, hypospadias, and spina bifida.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    […] ataxia, slapping foot) joint or muscle contractures neurological examination muscle spasticity increased deep tendon reflexes muscle weakness Babinski positive special tests[orthobullets.com] This disorder is characterized by normal cognition, coarse faces and dysostosis multiplex, hepatosplenomegaly, and cardiac valve disease.[malacards.org] ), lack of coordination, tremor, incontinence and cognitive impairment [ 1, 2 ].[oadoi.org]

  • Worster-Drought Syndrome

    […] old infarct Figure 2 Figure 2: Axial DW MRI showing focus of restricted diffusion in the left posterior frontal lobe Figure 3 Figure 3: Axial FLAIR MRI showing a region of encephalomalacia[ispub.com] limbs (predominantly contractures with one child having multiple congenital joint contractures, i.e. arythrogryposis multiplex).[doi.org] […] impairment Abnormality of cognition Cognitive abnormality Cognitive defects Cognitive deficits Intellectual impairment Mental impairment [ more ] 0100543 Hyperreflexia Increased[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Meningomyelocele

    CNS pathology in addition to the shunted hydrocephalus included encephalomalacia in 7, cerebral malformations in 2, and calcifications in 1. [ 1 ] COMMENT.[pediatricneurologybriefs.com] Children with meningomyelocele often present with joint contractures, spinal and lower limb deformities.[symptoma.com] defects, bowel and bladder dysfunction, and social and emotional challenges.[acog.org]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy Type 2

    A region of encephalomalacia is noted in the right internal capsule. F ig 2.[ajnr.org] Reflexes were reduced in the upper limbs and absent in lower limbs. There were no joint contractures.[omicsonline.org] […] infantile SCN9A Paroxysmal extreme pain disorder SLC2A1 Epilepsy, idiopathic generalized, GLUT1 deficiency syndrome, Stomatin-deficient cryohydrocytosis with neurologic defects[genda.com.ar]

  • Cleidocranial Dysplasia

    His current neuroimaging studies revealed extensive cystic encephalomalacia beneath the defective skull, suggesting that his cognitive decline could likely be attributed to[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] contractures Severe vertebral & limb anomalies w/absence of cervical vertebrae Mandibuloacral dysplasia (OMIM PS248370 ) LMNA, ZMPSTE24 AR Short stature, delayed closure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] contractures Severe vertebral & limb anomalies w/absence of cervical vertebrae Mandibuloacral dysplasia (OMIM PS248370 ) LMNA , ZMPSTE24 AR Short stature, delayed closure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    Louis Encephalitis, Tick-Borne Encephalitis, Varicella Zoster Encephalitis, Viral Encephalitozoonosis Encephalocele Encephalomalacia Encephalomyelitis Encephalomyelitis, Acute[medgene.med.harvard.edu] ]; Joint contractures; [Hands]; Fifth finger clinodactyly; Brachydactyly NEUROLOGIC: [Central nervous system]; Hypotonia (infancy); Spasticity; Mental retardation; Hydrocephalus[genome.jp] Many patients have cognitive delays and some are mildly retarded. Postnatal growth is subnormal and obesity is common.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • Severe Neonatal-Onset Encephalopathy with Microcephaly

    In time, the lesions evolve into cystic encephalomalacia with microcephaly. The diagnosis is made by PCR of CSF.[neuropathology-web.org] Many have generalized lymphadenopathy. [1] Joint pain, knee valgus or varus, limb length differences are common.[autoinflammatory-search.org] Clinically, affected individuals show an L-DOPA-responsive, diurnally fluctuating movement disorder usually associated with cognitive delay and severe neurologic dysfunction[mendelian.co]

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