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470 Possible Causes for Cognitive Defect, Hemiparesis, Nystagmus

  • Stroke

    SSEH presenting as a hemiparesis is less common and in such situations, it can be mistaken for a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the Wind chapter of Donguibogam, left hemiparesis due to stroke is called Tan, a sort of Hyeol-Byeong, and right hemiparesis due to stroke is called Tan, a sort of Gi-Byeong[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    During the course of illness, the patient had an acute cerebral hemorrhage, which manifested with hemiparesis, dysarthria, and pathologic crying.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptomatology of the cases with saltatory evolution had subacute onset, in 1-3 days, with hypotonia, nystagmus and posture disorders.[medichub.ro] Two days after the surgery, he developed left hemiparesis. CT scans showed a large cerebral hemorrhage on the right temporal lobe with midline shift by brain metastases.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cerebral Embolism

    However, the patient then developed fever, dyspnea, and subsequent right hemiparesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There was no gaze preference or nystagmus. Corneal reflexes were intact. The right nasolabial fold was flattened, and right eye closure was decreased.[pediatrics.aappublications.org] Posterior cerebral artery Monocular loss of vision (amaurosis) Ophthalmic artery (a branch of the internal carotid artery) Unilateral or bilateral cranial nerve deficits (eg, nystagmus[merckmanuals.com]

  • Brain Abscess

    The patient presented with right-sided homonymous hemianopsia and right hemiparesis. Emergent surgical drainage was performed and antibiotics were administered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient may also have spontaneous nystagmus. Dysdiadokinesis is also positive in these patients.[sites.google.com] A frontal abscess would typically present with cognitive deficits, poor concentration, aphasia, grand mal seizures, and hemiparesis.[symptoma.com]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    A severe and sudden left-sided sensorimotor hemiparesis occurred 1 year later.[doi.org] Upbeat nystagmus was observed in all MS patients with trigeminal REZ lesions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ), lack of coordination, tremor, incontinence and cognitive impairment [ 1, 2 ].[oadoi.org]

  • Lupus Encephalitis

    The authors describe three young women with systemic lupus erythematosus and hemiparesis who had major cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion documened by angiography.[glosbe.com] […] report a 28-year-old patient with systemic lupus erythematosus who had persistent fever for 3 months, and developed within a few hours motor and sensory aphasia, rotator nystagmus[link.springer.com] These antibodies also correlate with cognitive and visual spatial defects. Second, the anti-neuronal membrane antibodies are targeted directly to neuronal antigens.[ipfs.io]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    When he woke up 8 h later, right-sided hemiparesis and aphasia were observed, and cerebral CT already revealed irreversible ischemic changes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One (or more) of the following signs, developing during, or shortly after, alcohol use: (1) slurred speech (2) incoordination (3) unsteady gait (4) nystagmus (5) impairment[hams.cc] The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    She recovered and could speak short sentences, but dysphasia and right hemiparesis remained.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Following mild upper respiratory infection, aphtous stomatitis and dizziness, horizontal nystagmus was noted in the primary eye position and he was sent to the ENT clinic[jstage.jst.go.jp] Long term sequelae of HSE include neuropsychiatric and cognitive defects, including anterograde amnesia, dysnomia, Klüver-Bucy syndrome and epilepsy [ 8 ].[raredisorders.imedpub.com]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Hemiparesis and aphasia usually resolve at least partially, except in the elderly.[merckmanuals.com] Appetite changes Partial or total loss of vision Weakness of eye muscles and/or double vision (diplopia) Blurred vision Problems judging distance Involuntary eye movements (nystagmus[northeastern.edu] These may include motor dysfunction (paralysis, balance or gait abnormalities), cognitive impairment (amnesia, disorientation, confusion), speech defects (aphasia, dysphasia[symptoma.com]

  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    We report a 57-year-old man who presented one month after sustaining a traumatic right temporal intracerebral hematoma with history of headache, left hemiparesis and altered[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There may be little or no evidence of the usual signs of cerevellar disease, & only a minority of cases show nystagmus or ataxia of the limbs.[enotes.tripod.com] , abulia, aphasia, neglect, or apraxia Caudate nucleus - Contralateral hemiparesis, contralateral conjugate gaze paresis, or confusion Brain stem - Tetraparesis, facial weakness[en.wikipedia.org]

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