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264 Possible Causes for Cognitive Defect, Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

  • Alzheimer Disease

    The hippocampus is reduced by an average of 5 percent in normal pressure hydrocephalus- a brain disorder in which excess brain fluid leads to thinking and reasoning problems[immersive.healthcentral.com] Case Western Reserve researchers discover FDA-approved drug rapidly clears amyloid from the brain and reverses cognitive defects.[neurosciencenews.com] pressure hydrocephalus ) Stroke Thyroid disease Vitamin deficiency CT or MRI of the brain may be done to look for other causes of dementia, such as a brain tumor or stroke[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Hydrocephalus-cont. • Chronic hydrocephalus may develop weeks to months after SAH and present as normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) manifested by gait difficulty, incontinence[slideshare.net] […] improve when treated for hydrocephalus (do not lower pressure to less than 15 mm Hg, however).[openanesthesia.org] Blockage of the normal CSF circulation can enlarge the ventricles (hydrocephalus), causing confusion, lethargy, and loss of consciousness.[mayfieldclinic.com]

  • Binswanger Disease

    pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These cases can be distinguished from general paralysis first by the stability of their deficits, secondly by the peculiar development of the cognitive defect (decrease of[www2.psykl.med.tum.de] This type of injury will not typically result in defects of multiple cognitive domains, as occur in dementia.[aafp.org]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    Normal pressure hydrocephalus may occur due to secondary causes or may be idiopathic.[symptoma.com] […] low pressure hydrocephalus HYDROCEPHALUS, NORMAL-PRESSURE Chronic adult hydrocephalus NPH symptomatic hydrocephalus[wikidata.org] PRESSURE HYDROCEPHALUS.[doi.org]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    Continued What Causes Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus?[webmd.com] In addition to the acute symptomatology, hydrocephalus might also cause chronic symptoms, such as behavioral and cognitive changes, delayed puberty, and defects of higher[symptoma.com] Signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus include emesis (especially in the morning), decline in cognitive ability, headaches, papilledema, ataxia and defect in upward gaze.[stritch.luc.edu]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Mondini dysplasia is rare, but has an important association with recurrent bacterial meningitis. We herein describe the case of a 3-year-old girl with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss who presented with three independent episodes of bacterial meningitis within 8 months. Temporal bone computed tomography indicated[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cryptococcal Meningitis

    In this case, initial head CT scan was normal but unusually high protein level in CSF prompted a repeat CT scan 5 days later that showed noncommunicating hydrocephalus.[shmabstracts.com] Field defects are possible, even with intact visual acuity.[sajhivmed.org.za] The mean cognitive scores derived from the above-mentioned tests also revealed significantly poor cognitive outcome in CM patients.[ajnr.org]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    A spinal tap may also be done to establish the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus.[nlm.nih.gov] Inhalation anthrax Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) Pituitary tumor Reye syndrome Risks of lumbar puncture include: Bleeding into the spinal canal or around the brain[nlm.nih.gov] Normal values typically range as follows: Pressure: 70 to 180 mm H 2 O Appearance: clear, colorless CSF total protein : 15 to 60 mg/100 mL Gamma globulin: 3% to 12% of the[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    A 61-year-old Japanese woman presented with a headache and appetite loss lasting for nine days and was admitted to our hospital, where she was diagnosed with pneumococcal meningitis associated with acute sphenoid sinusitis. While the administration of meropenem and dexamethasone ameliorated the meningitis, right[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    A patient with fatal recurrent meningococcal meningitis is described. Detailed complement and immunological investigation revealed a combined deficiency of C8 and anti-meningococcal antibody. An inability to make anti-meningococcal antibody in C8 deficient patients has not been previously reported.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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