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4,062 Possible Causes for Cognitive Defect, Nystagmus, Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] One (or more) of the following signs, developing during, or shortly after, alcohol use: (1) slurred speech (2) incoordination (3) unsteady gait (4) nystagmus (5) impairment[hamsnetwork.org] Due to their shared symptoms including double vision, nystagmus, dysarthria, and ataxia, the differential diagnosis of alcohol intoxication and vertebrobasilar stroke may[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Appetite changes Partial or total loss of vision Weakness of eye muscles and/or double vision (diplopia) Blurred vision Problems judging distance Involuntary eye movements (nystagmus[northeastern.edu] These may include motor dysfunction (paralysis, balance or gait abnormalities), cognitive impairment (amnesia, disorientation, confusion), speech defects (aphasia, dysphasia[symptoma.com] Hinoki MTerayama K Physiological role of neck muscles in the occurrence of optic eye nystagmus: relationship of optic head nystagmus to optic eye nystagmus in case of procanization[dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Stroke

    The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Posterior cerebral artery Monocular loss of vision (amaurosis) Ophthalmic artery (a branch of the internal carotid artery) Unilateral or bilateral cranial nerve deficits (eg, nystagmus[msdmanuals.com] Know that cerebellar strokes also may cause vertigo, nausea and vomiting, headache, nystagmus, and slurred speech.[americannursetoday.com]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Alcohol Withdrawal

    Monitor for disorientation, diaphoresis, agitation, tremulousness, hyper-reflexia, ataxia, and nystagmus. C.[clinicaladvisor.com] […] therapeutic range for phenobarbital (64-172 micromol/L 15-40 ug/ml), an orange line indicating the level at which mild signs of toxicity are usually noted such as ataxia and nystagmus[emcrit.org] Exam findings suggestive of withdrawal can include disorientation, diaphoresis, agitation, tremulousness, hyper-reflexia, ataxia, and nystagmus.[clinicaladvisor.com]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Double vision or eye tremor ( nystagmus ) may result from involvement of the nerve pathways controlling movement of the eye muscles.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] muscle spasms, or difficulty in moving; difficulties with coordination and balance (ataxia); problems in speech (dysarthria) or swallowing (dysphagia), visual problems (nystagmus[disabled-world.com] […] pronounced reflexes, muscle spasms, or difficulty in moving; difficulties with coordination and balance ( ataxia ); problems with speech or swallowing, visual problems ( nystagmus[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    An examination revealed spontaneous upbeat nystagmus ( Video 1 ), gaze-evoked nystagmus ( Video 2 ), and gait ataxia. She had no ophthalmoplegia.[nejm.org] Retentive memory is impaired out of proportion to other cognitive functions in the otherwise alert and responsive patient.[clinicaladvisor.com] The classic triad of confusion, ophthalmoplegia (or nystagmus) and ataxia may be absent, and the history of alcohol abuse or other causes of thiamine deficiency may be unknown[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Leigh's Disease

    The authors present the case of a 9-year-old girl with dorsal midbrain syndrome causing convergence retraction nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abnormality of cognition Cognitive abnormality Cognitive defects Cognitive deficits Intellectual impairment Mental impairment More information about the genes responsible[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Extraocular movements showed greatly reduced pursuit and saccades in elevation and convergence–retraction nystagmus on attempted up gaze.[healio.com]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    The symptomatology of the cases with saltatory evolution had subacute onset, in 1-3 days, with hypotonia, nystagmus and posture disorders.[medichub.ro] The rest of 21% of cases had catastrophic clinical findings: bulging anterior fontanelle, dehiscent cranial sutures, projectile vomiting, fixation of pupils, nystagmus, seizures[medichub.ro]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    There may be little or no evidence of the usual signs of cerevellar disease, & only a minority of cases show nystagmus or ataxia of the limbs.[enotes.tripod.com] […] the following: [ citation needed ] Hypertension, fever, or cardiac arrhythmias Nuchal rigidity Subhyaloid retinal hemorrhages Altered level of consciousness Anisocoria, nystagmus[en.wikipedia.org] Although neuro-otological examinations especially gaze nystagmus, eye tracking and positional nystagmus tests, were useful for diagnosing the central vestibular lesions, no[ispub.com]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Postconcussive Syndrome

    Spontaneous nystagmus, gaze holding nystagmus, eye movement range. Available from: [last accessed 30/08/2016] Jaime Musgrave. Vergence 2.[physio-pedia.com] Relaxation therapy can help some of the cognitive defects. Depression and anxiety often go together.[autoaccident.com] Hinoki MTerayama K Physiological role of neck muscles in the occurrence of optic eye nystagmus: relationship of optic head nystagmus to optic eye nystagmus in case of procanization[doi.org]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs

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