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24 Possible Causes for Cognitive Defect, Paranoid Personality Disorder, Schizoid Personality Disorder

  • Dementia

    In advanced AD pathology, synaptic dysfunction is another structural defect associated with a decline in memory ( 35 Terry RD.[doi.org] Physical basis of cognitive alterations in Alzheimer's disease: synapse loss is the major correlate of cognitive impairment. Ann Neurol. 1991 ; 30: 572 – 80.[doi.org]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    This is caused by persistent defective measles virus infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The initial symptoms of SSPE usually involve regression in cognitive functioning and behavior or recurrent myoclonic jerks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical presentations are variable including behavioral-cognitive change, myoclonic seizure, visual problem, spasticity or abnormal movement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Personality Disorder

    Risk factors Factors that increase your risk of developing schizoid personality disorder include: Having a parent or other relative who has schizoid personality disorder,[mayoclinic.org] How is Paranoid Personality Disorder Diagnosed?[psychcentral.com] […] as the result of distorted cognition, or knowing.[minddisorders.com]

  • Schizophrenia

    There are several diagnoses that share many of the same symptoms – such as schizoaffective disorder, schizotypal personality disorder and schizoid personality disorder.[mind.org.uk] ; schizotypal, schizoid, or paranoid personality disorders ; and atypical reactive disorders.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Recent research suggests that selective modulation of the GABAergic system is a promising intervention for the treatment of schizophrenia-associated cognitive defects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Delirium

    Schizoid personality disorder In this disorder there is a disinclination to interact with others; the individual appears passive, aloof, and withdrawn, and there is a notable[britannica.com] defects Poor short term memory, poor attention span Poor short term memory, attention less affected until severe Hallucinations Common, especially visual Often absent Delusions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] While the patient may be preoccupied with such experiences, if one can secure the patient's attention, it will be found that he has no significant defect in cognitive function[doi.org]

  • Alcoholic Amnestic Disorder

    Cyclothymic disorder Cycloid personality Cyclothymia Cyclothymic personality 301.2 Schizoid personality disorder Excludes: schizophrenia (295.0-295.9) 301.20 Schizoid personality[theodora.com] Memory disturbance ( amnestic disorder or amnesia ), another example of a circumscribed cognitive defect, is discussed in this chapter.[neupsykey.com] Other cognitive functions are usually relatively well preserved and amnesic defects are out of proportion to other disturbances.[apps.who.int]

  • Autism

    Paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders, which are grouped together in Cluster A of the DSM-IV, have also been collectively termed “schizophrenia-like”[doi.org] Savant capabilities of autistic children and their cognitive implications. Cognitive defects in the development of mental illness & Serban G.. 1978 pp. 43–65. Eds.[rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org] Differential diagnostic distinction from schizoid and schizotype personality disorders can be difficult.[doi.org]

  • Central Nervous System Disorder

    Examples of disorders that we evaluate in this category include paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive personality disorders[ssa.gov] Common structural defects include birth defects, anencephaly, hypospadias, and spina bifida.[en.wikipedia.org] Patients who come to medical attention during childhood but after the neonatal period may have congenital defects including intellectual disability, which is mild compared[myotonic.org]

  • Mental Disorder

    Disorder Paranoid Personality Disorder Schizoid Personality Disorder Schizotypal Personality Disorder Other Mental Disorders & Concerns More Resources: Mental Illness at[psychcentral.com] For example, hallucinations represent dysfunctional perceptual capabilities, mania and depression disturbed affect regulation, and delusions defective cognitive processing[plato.stanford.edu] The most prevalent personality disorder in the general population was obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, 7.88% (95% CI 7.43 to 8.33), followed by paranoid personality[doi.org]

  • Psychosis

    Paraphrenia (late) Sensitiver Beziehungswahn Type 2 Excludes paranoid personality disorder ( F60.0 ) paranoid psychosis, psychogenic ( F23 ) paranoid reaction ( F23 ) F22[icd10data.com] The DSM-5 classification of and criteria for primary psychotic disorders emphasize that these conditions occur along a spectrum, with schizoid (personality) disorder and schizophrenia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Psychosis, plural psychoses, any of several major mental illnesses that can cause delusions, hallucinations, serious defects in judgment and other cognitive processes, and[britannica.com]

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