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50 Possible Causes for Cognitive Defect, Pupillary Abnormality, Thoracic Aortic Dissection

  • Epidural Hematoma

    Factors that may influence outcome are as follows: Patient age Time lapsed between injury and treatment Immediate coma or lucid interval Presence of pupillary abnormalities[] An initial diagnosis of aortic dissection with an ischaemic paraplegia was made.[] Higher rates are associated with the following: Advanced age Intradural lesions Temporal location Increased hematoma volume Rapid clinical progression Pupillary abnormalities[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    KEYWORDS: Acute aortic dissection; Aneurysm; computed tomography angiography; subarachnoid hemorrhage[] Abstract We report a rare case of concurrent aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and acute aortic dissection (AAD).[] Nevertheless, our experience may highlight additional diagnostic value of thoracic to neck CTA in SAH patients. Copyright 2016 National Stroke Association.[]

  • Stroke

    The authors showed that in patients with MCI, pupillary abnormalities and severe brainstem compression may be present despite normal ICP values.[] Autosomal dominant inheritance of a predisposition to thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections and intracranial saccular aneurysms.[] Intracranial pressure readings were evaluated and correlated with pupillary abnormalities and with midline shift and ischemic tissue volume evaluated in the CT scan.[]

  • Cocaine Abuse

    The case in point pertains to a 26-year-old, Caucasian male, substance abuser who suffered a thoracic aortic dissection following the use of crack cocaine.[] Cognitive defects : Memory, reaction time, and attention may be permanently impaired, and brain grey matter may shrink, prematurely aging someone addicted to cocaine, studies[] Cardiovascular complications of cocaine abuse include myocardial ischemia and infarction, dysrhythmias, cardiomyopathies and aortic dissection.[]

  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Type 4

    […] intestine morphology Abnormality of the intestine 0002242 Abnormal pupil morphology Abnormality of the pupil Pupillary abnormalities Pupillary abnormality [ more ] 0000615[] Upon further questioning, it was discovered that the patient had multiple family members that had been diagnosed with aneurysms of both the thoracic and aortic aorta and that[] The disease frequently involves the proximal branches of the aortic arch, the descending thoracic aorta and the abdominal aorta.[]

  • Meningovascular Syphilis

    […] after infection Ischemia along MCA territory Meningeal inflammation 10 years after infection Impairment of higher cortical functions Dementia Frontotemporal encephalitis pupillary[] The most feared complication of cardiovascular syphilis is aortic dissection or ruptured thoracic aneurysm. (5) Tertiary Syphilis – Neurologic Manifestations In the tertiary[] Episodic forgetfulness is usually the first cognitive change, followed by defective concentration, reduction of interests and mental and physical slowing in the manner typical[]

  • Syphilitic Meningitis

    […] aortic aneurysm, aortic regurgitation, nonatherosclerotic coronary artery disease Gummatous syphilis Neurosyphilis Asymptomatic neurosyphilis Tabes dorsalis: lightning pains, pupillary[] The most feared complication of cardiovascular syphilis is aortic dissection or ruptured thoracic aneurysm. (5) Tertiary Syphilis – Neurologic Manifestations In the tertiary[] Cranial nerves are sometimes involved and pupillary abnormalities are quite common.[]

  • Isolated Ectopia Lentis

    Our study presented detailed clinical manifestations, including some novel ophthalmic findings, such as pupillary abnormality, different types of glaucoma, and progressive[] Thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections are clinically characterized by dilatation or dissection of the aortic root and ascending or descending thoracic aorta in the absence[] […] of cognition Cognitive abnormality Cognitive defects Cognitive deficits Intellectual impairment Mental impairment [ more ] 0100543 Malar flattening Zygomatic flattening 0000272[]

  • Posterior Cerebral Artery Thrombosis

    Emboli may lodge at the top of the basilar causing midbrain infarction with loss of vertical eye movement, pupillary abnormalities and coma.[] The most common cause of IA disease is atherosclerosis followed by Takayasu’s arteritis, dissection, thoracic outlet syndrome, radiotherapy-induced supra-aortic stem disease[] Also common are pupillary and oculomotor abnormalities.[]

  • Young Adult-Onset Distal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy

    Adult onset CMT2 may be associated with pupillary abnormalities, hearing loss and/or paresthesias/pain (CMT2I/J).[] aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection Heart-hand syndrome, Slovenian type Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy with spastic paraplegia Hutchinson-Gilford progeria[] Association of neural tube defects and folic acid food fortification in Canada. Lancet. Vol. 360 (9350), pp. 2047-2048.[]

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