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50 Possible Causes for Cognitive Defect, Pupillary Abnormality, Thoracic Aortic Dissection

  • Epidural Hematoma

    Factors that may influence outcome are as follows: Patient age Time lapsed between injury and treatment Immediate coma or lucid interval Presence of pupillary abnormalities[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An initial diagnosis of aortic dissection with an ischaemic paraplegia was made.[jnnp.bmj.com] Higher rates are associated with the following: Advanced age Intradural lesions Temporal location Increased hematoma volume Rapid clinical progression Pupillary abnormalities[emedicine.com]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    KEYWORDS: Acute aortic dissection; Aneurysm; computed tomography angiography; subarachnoid hemorrhage[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract We report a rare case of concurrent aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and acute aortic dissection (AAD).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nevertheless, our experience may highlight additional diagnostic value of thoracic to neck CTA in SAH patients. Copyright 2016 National Stroke Association.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Stroke

    The authors showed that in patients with MCI, pupillary abnormalities and severe brainstem compression may be present despite normal ICP values.[doi.org] Autosomal dominant inheritance of a predisposition to thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections and intracranial saccular aneurysms.[emedicine.medscape.com] Intracranial pressure readings were evaluated and correlated with pupillary abnormalities and with midline shift and ischemic tissue volume evaluated in the CT scan.[doi.org]

  • Cocaine Abuse

    The case in point pertains to a 26-year-old, Caucasian male, substance abuser who suffered a thoracic aortic dissection following the use of crack cocaine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cognitive defects : Memory, reaction time, and attention may be permanently impaired, and brain grey matter may shrink, prematurely aging someone addicted to cocaine, studies[americanaddictioncenters.org] Cardiovascular complications of cocaine abuse include myocardial ischemia and infarction, dysrhythmias, cardiomyopathies and aortic dissection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Type 4

    […] intestine morphology Abnormality of the intestine 0002242 Abnormal pupil morphology Abnormality of the pupil Pupillary abnormalities Pupillary abnormality [ more ] 0000615[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Upon further questioning, it was discovered that the patient had multiple family members that had been diagnosed with aneurysms of both the thoracic and aortic aorta and that[vasculardiseasemanagement.com] The disease frequently involves the proximal branches of the aortic arch, the descending thoracic aorta and the abdominal aorta.[ojrd.biomedcentral.com]

  • Meningovascular Syphilis

    […] after infection Ischemia along MCA territory Meningeal inflammation 10 years after infection Impairment of higher cortical functions Dementia Frontotemporal encephalitis pupillary[quizlet.com] The most feared complication of cardiovascular syphilis is aortic dissection or ruptured thoracic aneurysm. (5) Tertiary Syphilis – Neurologic Manifestations In the tertiary[emdocs.net] Episodic forgetfulness is usually the first cognitive change, followed by defective concentration, reduction of interests and mental and physical slowing in the manner typical[kraeplinpsychiatry.wordpress.com]

  • Syphilitic Meningitis

    […] aortic aneurysm, aortic regurgitation, nonatherosclerotic coronary artery disease Gummatous syphilis Neurosyphilis Asymptomatic neurosyphilis Tabes dorsalis: lightning pains, pupillary[aafp.org] The most feared complication of cardiovascular syphilis is aortic dissection or ruptured thoracic aneurysm. (5) Tertiary Syphilis – Neurologic Manifestations In the tertiary[emdocs.net] Cranial nerves are sometimes involved and pupillary abnormalities are quite common.[cancertherapyadvisor.com]

  • Isolated Ectopia Lentis

    Our study presented detailed clinical manifestations, including some novel ophthalmic findings, such as pupillary abnormality, different types of glaucoma, and progressive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections are clinically characterized by dilatation or dissection of the aortic root and ascending or descending thoracic aorta in the absence[invitae.com] […] of cognition Cognitive abnormality Cognitive defects Cognitive deficits Intellectual impairment Mental impairment [ more ] 0100543 Malar flattening Zygomatic flattening 0000272[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Posterior Cerebral Artery Thrombosis

    Emboli may lodge at the top of the basilar causing midbrain infarction with loss of vertical eye movement, pupillary abnormalities and coma.[aibolita.com] The most common cause of IA disease is atherosclerosis followed by Takayasu’s arteritis, dissection, thoracic outlet syndrome, radiotherapy-induced supra-aortic stem disease[jneuro.com] Also common are pupillary and oculomotor abnormalities.[patient.info]

  • Young Adult-Onset Distal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy

    Adult onset CMT2 may be associated with pupillary abnormalities, hearing loss and/or paresthesias/pain (CMT2I/J).[neupsykey.com] aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection Heart-hand syndrome, Slovenian type Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy with spastic paraplegia Hutchinson-Gilford progeria[csbg.cnb.csic.es] Association of neural tube defects and folic acid food fortification in Canada. Lancet. Vol. 360 (9350), pp. 2047-2048.[physio-pedia.com]

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