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13 Possible Causes for Cognitive Developmental Delay, Short Stature, Wide Space Between the First and Second Toe

  • Seckel Syndrome

    Seckel syndrome is a very rare form of primordial dwarfism characterized by antenatal and postnatal growth delay, proportionate extreme short stature, a prominent beak-like[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] One child had classical Seckel syndrome, a sib pair had the features of the syndrome with less severe short stature, and in two children the diagnosis was not confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Down Syndrome

    stature, upward slanting eyes, a flattened nasal bridge, broad hands with short fingers, decreased muscle tone, and by trisomy of the human chromosome numbered 21 — called[merriam-webster.com] A wide space, often with a deep fissure between the first and second toes, is also common.[dx.doi.org] spacing, often with a deep plantar groove between the first and second toes.[doi.org]

  • Dubowitz Syndrome

    Dubowitz's syndrome (disorder) Dubowitz's syndrome Dwarfism-eczema-peculiar facies syndrome Intrauterine growth retardation, short stature, microcephaly, mild mental retardation[wikidata.org] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] The feeding difficulties, developmental and cognitive delay, mottled skin, drug-induced long QT syndrome, short stature, microcephaly, small ears, 2–3 cutaneous syndactyly[journals.plos.org]

  • Atelosteogenesis Type 2

    More than 200 inherited skeletal dysplasias are currently recognised.[socialstyrelsen.se] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Developmental delay may be temporal or permanent; for example, in achondroplasia, motor development may be delayed in the first 2 years, due to macrocephaly and ligamentous[musculoskeletalkey.com]

  • Russell-Silver Syndrome

    Abstract A family is described with a syndrome of short stature, abnormal pigmentation of the skin and mild facial dysmorphism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Children with RSS have an increased risk for developmental delay (both motor and cognitive) and learning disabilities.[gemssforschools.org]

  • Macrocephaly-Developmental Delay Syndrome

    stature, short stature, short stature, skeletal problems, macrocephaly, impairment delayed bone age, delayed bone age, skeletal problems, Marfan-like features, muscular hypotonia[molecularcytogenetics.biomedcentral.com] space between first and second toes (sandal toes) clinodactyly of the fifth finger All of these are found in individuals without DS.[medicalhomeportal.org] Since the early 2000s, PTEN germline mutation haploinsufficiency has been reported in association with autism, variable cognitive impairment and developmental delay in the[consultqd.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Cutis Laxa

    stature, microcephaly, and severe developmental and speech delay.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other reported osteoarticular features are: a wide space between the first and second toes; talipes equinovarus; metatarsus adductus; genu recurvatum or genu valgum; flat[scielo.br] Despite delays in developmental milestones and language, affected children are said to be cheerful and outgoing. Neurologic findings Cognitive.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Familial Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

    MICROPHTHALMIA/COLOBOMA AND SKELETAL DYSPLASIA SYNDROME; MCSKS Is also known as microphthalmia or coloboma with or without rhizomelic skeletal dysplasia, microphthalmia, syndromic[mendelian.co] space between first and second toes (sandal toes) clinodactyly of the fifth finger All of these are found in individuals without DS.[medicalhomeportal.org] Developmental delays are common. Infancy and childhood milestones are often delayed. Many patients have cognitive delays and some are mildly retarded.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • Baraitser Syndrome

    As a result of prenatal and postnatal growth retardation, most of these patients have a short stature.[ijpd.in] 1st and 2nd toes Gap between first and second toe Increased space between first and second toes Sandal gap between first and second toes Wide space between 1st, 2nd toes[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Early neurologic impairment is evident including developmental delay, intellectual disability, ataxia, dysarthria, sensorineural hearing loss, myoclonus and seizures.[mendelian.co]

  • Genee-Wiedemann Syndrome

    Richieri‐Costa and Sonia Cristina Silveira Pereira, Short stature, Robin sequence, cleft mandible, pre/postaxial hand anomalies, and clubfoot: A new autosomal recessive syndrome[doi.org] He had a wide space between the first and second toe of his feet and subungual fibroma on the second and third toe of the right foot and on the third toe of the left foot.[jmg.bmj.com] Estimates have been made for individuals with specific clinical presentations such as developmental delay/cognitive disability and autism spectrum disorders; in these phenotypes[nature.com]

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