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178 Possible Causes for Collar of Stokes, Increased Jugular Venous Pressure

  • Superior Vena Cava Syndrome

    Physical examination showed collar of Stokes and extensive collateral circulation in the neck and anterosuperior thoracic region, as well as a large testicular mass.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of Stokes Pemberton's signSuperior vena cava syndrome usually presents more gradually with an increase in symptoms over time as malignancies increase in size or invasiveness[en.wikipedia.org] Facial swelling Venous distention in the neck and distended veins in the upper chest and arms Upper limb edema Lightheadedness Cough Edema (swelling) of the neck, called the collar[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Right heart failure is characterized by low output syndrome with increased jugular venous pressure, increased liver size and hypotension.[doi.org] Jugular venous pressure is frequently assessed as a marker of fluid status, which can be accentuated by eliciting hepatojugular reflux.[en.wikipedia.org] This includes serial assessment of weight, as well as estimates of jugular venous pressure and the presence of peripheral edema or orthopnea. 187 – 190 (Level of Evidence:[doi.org]

    Missing: Collar of Stokes
  • Atrial Fibrillation

    Head and neck Examination of the head and neck may reveal exophthalmos, thyromegaly, elevated jugular venous pressures, or cyanosis.[emedicine.medscape.com] Carotid artery bruits suggest peripheral arterial disease and increase the likelihood of comorbid coronary artery disease.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Collar of Stokes
  • Cor Pulmonale

    […] and other neck and facial veins Increased jugular venous pressure Hepatomegaly Cyanosis Abnormal heart sounds Physical indicators of cor pulmonale on exam: Pulmonary hypertension[symptoma.com] jugular venous pressure) are often obscured by hyperinflation of the chest 6 which is present in a number of COPD patients.[doi.org] Right ventricular hypertrophy Right ventricular failure Increased chest diameter Labored respirations with retractions Distended neck veins Cyanosis On auscultation wheezes[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Collar of Stokes
  • Cardiomyopathy

    BACKGROUND: Coronary artery fistula, first described by Krause in 1865, is an abnormal communication between the coronary artery and one of the four chambers of the heart or one of the great vessels. The communications are often congenital but may also be acquired from trauma or invasive cardiovascular[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Collar of Stokes
  • Pulmonary Edema

    Abstract Fagenholz, Peter J., Jonathan A. Gutman, Alice F. Murray, and N. Stuart Harris. Treatment of high altitude pulmonary edema at 4240 m in Nepal. High Alt. Med. Biol. 8:139–146, 2007.—High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is the leading cause of death from altitude illness and rapid descent is often considered a[…][doi.org]

    Missing: Collar of Stokes
  • Myocardial Infarction

    Coronary Heart Disease A heart attack happens if the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked and the heart can't get oxygen. Most heart attacks occur as a result of coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD is a condition in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside[…][web.archive.org]

    Missing: Collar of Stokes
  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare but fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with an associated mortality that ranges from 41% to 80%. The treatment consists of supplemental oxygenation, afterload reduction, intraaortic balloon pump, and surgical repair. In selected patients, extracorporeal[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Collar of Stokes
  • High Output Heart Failure

    Physical findings are increased jugular venous pressure, tachycardia usually with a third heart sound, bilateral bibasilar crackles and a wide pulse pressure.[omicsonline.org] Patients may present with the usual signs of high-output heart failure including tachycardia, elevated pulse pressure, hyperkinetic precordium, and jugular venous distension[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Over time, the demands of an increased workload may lead to cardiac hypertrophy and eventual heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Collar of Stokes
  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    The fluid status is checked by jugular venous pressure, which usually gets accentuated by the hepatojugular reflux.[newhealthadvisor.com] If there is an increase in the right ventricular pressure, there will be presence of parasternal heave.[newhealthadvisor.com]

    Missing: Collar of Stokes

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