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6,819 Possible Causes for Coma, Nystagmus, Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Coma, vomiting and hypothermia are the commonest symptoms in young teenagers intoxicated by alcohol.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms range from changes in behavior to severe hypothermia, vomiting, altered consciousness, coma, and respiratory insufficiency that may be fatal.[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    The purpose of this study was to assess whether Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 12 or less can predict the presence of TBI and the severity of associated injuries in blunt trauma[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Appetite changes Partial or total loss of vision Weakness of eye muscles and/or double vision (diplopia) Blurred vision Problems judging distance Involuntary eye movements (nystagmus[northeastern.edu] […] awake from a coma.[curlie.org]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

    ., age, years of education), injury characteristics (Glasgow Coma Scale score, MRI findings such as traumatic axonal injury (TAI), or duration of posttraumatic amnesia), symptoms[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] meaningful data Vision Partial or total loss of vision Weakness of eye muscles and double vision (diplopia) Blurred vision Problems judging distance Involuntary eye movements (nystagmus[traumaticbraininjury.com] In the PROTECT III Trial, patients were included if the admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was within 4-12, whereas the SYNAPSE Trial only included patients with GCS 4-8.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Stroke

    Sutter R, Kaplan PW (2012) Electroencephalographic patterns in coma: when things slow down. Epileptologie 29: 201–209. 27.[aimspress.com] The first patient (female, 50 years old) had dysarthria, nystagmus and trunk ataxia on admission. Her blood alcohol level was 2.3‰.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Posterior cerebral artery Monocular loss of vision (amaurosis) Ophthalmic artery (a branch of the internal carotid artery) Unilateral or bilateral cranial nerve deficits (eg, nystagmus[msdmanuals.com]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Brain Stem Infarction

    The Glasgow Coma Scale is a scoring system used to evaluate someone’s level of consciousness.[thequadspot.com] […] syndrome) Pons: 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th cranial nerve involvement, diplopia, dysarthria, vertigo, gait abnormality, and/or sensation of ear canal block, sustained horizontal nystagmus[symptoma.com] In the author's experience, these patients often exhibit rebound nystagmus, which is a variant of gaze-evoked nystagmus.[dizziness-and-balance.com]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Alpha-frequency coma (AC) is a rare finding in comatose patients and is generally associated with a poor prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptomatology of the cases with saltatory evolution had subacute onset, in 1-3 days, with hypotonia, nystagmus and posture disorders.[medichub.ro] One hour after admission, his Glasgow Coma Scale fell from 14 to 11. We performed an echo-guided stereotaxic removal of the hematoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    PURPOSE: To investigate the performance of hematoma shape, hematoma size, Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score, and intracerebral hematoma (ICH) score in predicting the 30-day mortality[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There may be little or no evidence of the usual signs of cerevellar disease, & only a minority of cases show nystagmus or ataxia of the limbs.[enotes.tripod.com] Risk factors (heart disease, previous stroke, hypertension, diabetes mellitus (DM), hyperlipidemia, obesity, smoking, alcoholic consumption, and family history), Glasgow Coma[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Meningitis

    Low Glasgow Coma Scale at admission was significantly associated with worse neurological outcome (P[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had nystagmus, scanning speech, bilateral papilloedema and ataxia. Cranial imaging showed a 10 mm tonsillar herniation. Posterior fossa decompression was done.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sequelae were asociated with coma, alterations in CT scan, seizures and hypoglycorrhachia.[analesdepediatria.org]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    Coma may mask its classical clinical picture or even be the sole manifestation. Although coma points to a poor outlook it may be reversed by thiamine administration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An examination revealed spontaneous upbeat nystagmus ( Video 1 ), gaze-evoked nystagmus ( Video 2 ), and gait ataxia. She had no ophthalmoplegia.[nejm.org] The classic triad of confusion, ophthalmoplegia (or nystagmus) and ataxia may be absent, and the history of alcohol abuse or other causes of thiamine deficiency may be unknown[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    Hyperammonemia can also result in postoperative coma; however, it is rarely recognized as a potential cause in coma patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical features include lethargy and confusion (frequently progressing to coma); asterixis; nystagmus, pathologic; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate[icd9data.com] Other neurological symptoms may include myoclonus (involuntary twitching of a muscle or group of muscles), nystagmus (rapid, involuntary eye movement), tremor, muscle atrophy[marefa.org]

    Missing: Sensorineural Hearing Loss Associated with ELSTs

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