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758 Possible Causes for Coma, Obstructive Hydrocephalus

  • Subdural Hematoma

    Postoperative data obtained included Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), and follow-up period.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Cerebral ventriculomegaly; Congenital hydrocephalus; Intracranial hypertension; Newborn; Obstructive hydrocephalus; Subdural hematoma; Ventricular atrium diverticulum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Possible complications include: Brain herniation (severe pressure on the brain that causes coma or death) Permanent brain damage Persistent symptoms or seizures If symptoms[sharecare.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    If people are in a coma or have difficulty breathing, herniation may be developing.[merckmanuals.com] Symptoms, as a result of a mass effect from the tumour or due to obstructive hydrocephalus, include morning headaches, nausea, vomiting, diplopia (a manifestation of sixth[bestpractice.bmj.com] On the left is an image of a calcified mass in the suprasellar region, causing obstructive hydrocephalus.[radiologyassistant.nl]

  • Ventricular Hemorrhage

    RESULTS: There were no significant differences in gender, age, blood pressure, Glasgow Coma Scale, Graeb score, intracerebral hemorrhage volume on admission, and IVH volume[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] METHODS: Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, severe IVH, and obstructive hydrocephalus with the need for external ventricular drainage were treated with IVF through external[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 66.7% mortality rate was found in patients with a Glasgow coma scale(GCS) score of 3 to 5, 53.8% for those with a GCS score of 6 to 8, 28.6% for those patients with a GCS[jkns.or.kr]

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    After multivariate analysis, Glasgow coma scale score 8 and SCAH showed a significant association with poor outcome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The hematoma in the fourth ventricle was gently removed through the hematoma cavity, followed by thorough saline irrigation to release obstructive hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] And with pontine hemorrhage there is coma and paraplegia. Can anyone explain the reason behind these findings![forums.studentdoctor.net]

  • Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    This case report describes a 59-year-old male who presented with headaches, seizures and hypertension followed by coma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A review of the literature yielded 15 additional case reports describing reversible obstructive hydrocephalus related to hypertensive encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] (hepatic coma), psychiatric changes of varying degree, flapping tremor, and fetor hepaticus.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Alpha-frequency coma (AC) is a rare finding in comatose patients and is generally associated with a poor prognosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with an intraventricular haematoma with no evidence of obstructive hydrocephalus were also excluded from the study.[biomedcentral.com] One hour after admission, his Glasgow Coma Scale fell from 14 to 11. We performed an echo-guided stereotaxic removal of the hematoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed age 40 years, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score 40 years was a risk factor for mortality when HIV patients were included (P 0.049) as well[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, surgery is required for patients with obstructive hydrocephalus and those in poor grades.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fever and headache are the cardinal features; confusion is a late feature and coma bears a poor prognosis. Meningism is absent in a fifth of patients with TB meningitis.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    Mean Glasgow Coma Scale score on admission was 11.2. In nine patients, ETV was the initial procedure of ventricular drainage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Computed tomography showed cerebellar infarction with obstructive hydrocephalus. External ventricular drainage was performed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) was done to relieve the acute obstructive hydrocephalus. The patient was later discharged with only mild residual ataxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Medulloblastoma

    Emergency chemotherapy alone was sufficient in promoting regression of swelling and recovery from coma. Reports of similar cases are scant.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Medulloblastoma is a malignant embryonal tumor that arises in the cerebellum and invades the fourth ventricle, often resulting in obstructive hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Occasionally due to bleeding within the tumor, a patient will be in a coma or have severe acute neurologic compromise at the time of diagnosis.[childhoodbraintumor.org]

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    Sudden unresponsiveness and coma within hours of symptom onset, without substantial further deterioration.[doi.org] Ischemic stroke with coma Ischemic stroke without coma Ischemic stroke wo coma Lacunar infarction Lacunar stroke Left anterior cerebral artery occlusion w stroke Left anterior[icd9data.com] However, early correct diagnosis is crucial to help prevent treatable but potentially fatal complications, such as brainstem compression and obstructive hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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