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143 Possible Causes for Coma, Renal Insufficiency, Salicylate Poisoning

  • Dehydration

    Coma Decreased blood supply to the brain may cause confusion and even coma.[medicinenet.com] Vomiting, diarrhea, excessive sweating, burns, kidney failure, and use of diuretics may cause dehydration.[merckmanuals.com] Some problems that may occur include: heat injury, cerebral edema, seizures, hypovolemic shock, kidney failure, coma and death.[physio-pedia.com]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    […] poisoning, especially chronic (repeated administration of therapeutic or excessive doses for longer than 12 h), can include metabolic acidosis, hypoglycaemia, lethargy, and coma[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Serum salicylate levels do not always reflect the severity of poisoning.[symptoma.com] , acute renal failure.[sjrhem.ca]

  • Acidosis

    Eventually, in severe cases, heart problems may develop and blood pressure can fall, leading to shock, coma, and death.[merckmanuals.com] Tinnitus or vertigo may occur with salicylate poisoning.[patient.info] Creatinine will often be elevated as a marker of renal insufficiency, but may be normal, especially in the setting of acute overdoses.[calpoison.org]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    A 35-year-old male presented to the emergency department with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 3/15 and a normal pulse rate and blood pressure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] High altitude exposure Emotional disorders or aspirin (salicylate) poisoning whats the rationale for RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS caused by HIGH ALTITUDE EXPOSURE?[quizlet.com] Symptoms and renal outcomes of Gitelman's syndrome are, in general, mild and benign, and renal insufficiency from Gitelman's syndrome associated with long-standing hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    We present a case of early coma, metabolic acidosis and methemoglobinemia after substantial acetaminophen toxicity in the absence of hepatic failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Salicylate poisoning classically results in an increased anion gap metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Insufficiency Cohort) Study.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Methanol Poisoning

    ECG abnormalities did not correlate with coma or seizure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An anion gap metabolic acidosis is not immediately seen following ingestion of methanol and may be due to other types of poisoning, including iron, salicylates, and ethylene[web.archive.org] insufficiency, or massive overdose.[web.archive.org]

  • Ethylene Glycol Poisoning

    Severe adverse drug events occurred in 26 of 130 (20%) ethanol-treated (coma, extreme agitation, cardiovascular) and 2 of 42 (5%) fomepizole-treated (coma, cardiovascular)[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, acidosis has a large number of differential diagnosis, including poisoning from methanol, salicylates, iron, isoniazid, paracetamol, theophylline, or from conditions[en.wikipedia.org] BACKGROUND: We assessed the predictive value of selected factors on the outcomes of death and prolonged renal insufficiency (RI) from ethylene glycol poisoning.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Coma, vomiting and hypothermia are the commonest symptoms in young teenagers intoxicated by alcohol.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Serum toxicology, including ethanol concentration and tests for the presence of benzodiazepines, barbiturates and for common co-ingestants in poisoning such as salicylates[clinicaladvisor.com] Exceptions to this may occur in individuals with certain underlying organic conditions (e.g. renal or hepatic insufficiency) in whom small doses of a substance may produce[who.int]

  • Encephalopathy

    […] expires November 27, 2020 Overview In this article, the authors discuss the commonly encountered clinical scenarios associated with metabolic encephalopathy and metabolic coma[medlink.com] ., alcohol, salicylates, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, tricyclic antidepressant or antipsychotic medications, poisons, organophosphates, hydrocarbons, recreational drugs,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] UREMIC ENCEPHALOPATHY Uremia describes the final stage of progressive renal insufficiency, which culminates in end-stage kidney failure with neurologic involvement.[encyclopedia.com]

  • Ethylene Glycol

    INTRODUCTION: Ethylene glycol toxicity has produced central nervous system abnormalities including coma, cerebral edema, and cranial nerve dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 5.0 mg per dL (0.35 mmol per L) 15 to 30 Diagnosis Little correlation exists between blood levels of ethylene glycol and severity of poisoning, 4 making the diagnosis unclear[aafp.org] Despite early treatment with fomepizole and without the development of acidosis or renal insufficiency, the patient required HD for hyperosmolality and subsequent electrolyte[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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