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628 Possible Causes for Confusion, Down Syndrome, Hyperreflexia, Sexually Disinhibited Behavior

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Abstract People with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for developing Alzheimer disease (AD) with age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We would like to discuss the confusing features of atypical AD that mimic other dementias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The extent to which the most frequently used PET ligands can be used to detect fibrillar Aβ in patients with Down syndrome remains to be determined.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an irreversible neurodegenerative disorder with symptoms of confusion, memory loss, and mood swings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dementia

    Down syndrome increases the likelihood of young-onset Alzheimer's. Early signs Early signs of dementia can include: Changes in short-term memory. Changes in mood.[medicalnewstoday.com] The behavioral symptoms of dementia include physical/verbal aggression, agitation, disinhibition, restlessness, wandering, culturally inappropriate behaviors, sexual disinhibition[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treating conditions that can lead to confusion often greatly improve mental function.[nlm.nih.gov] Clinical examination revealed several elements of a frontal lobe dysfunction including apathy with motor impersistence, presence of primitive reflexes, generalized hyperreflexia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Graves Disease

    We report a case of an adolescent boy with Down's syndrome and ESRD on hemodialysis who developed mild Graves' disease that was not amenable to radioablation, surgery, or[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ocular signs in both diseases may cause diagnostic confusion although ptosis suggests coexisting MG. In both cases, the thyrotoxicosis delayed the diagnosis of MG.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] HLA-B8, Dr3 association Often incited during stress e.g. childbirth, infection, steroid withdrawal Presentation Symptoms heat intolerance weight loss hyperactive diarrhea hyperreflexia[step2.medbullets.com] Symptoms of this thyroid crisis include fever, vomiting, elevated heart rate, confusion and profuse sweating and requires immediate emergency attention.[aarda.org]

    Missing: Sexually Disinhibited Behavior
  • Stroke

    Down syndrome patients with congenital heart defect have higher CD prevalence as compared to patients without congenital heart defect, and CD prevalence in Down syndrome patients[dx.doi.org] The symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble[ninds.nih.gov] An examination showed decreased strength on the right side, with hyperreflexia and an up-going plantar response.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] syndrome.[doi.org]

    Missing: Sexually Disinhibited Behavior
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    This neuropsychiatric syndrome is caused by metabolic abnormalities.[belmarrahealth.com] Extreme confusion, along with sleepiness and/or an agitated mood, are symptoms of a condition called hepatic encephalopathy.[catie.ca] […] cause mitochondrial dysfunction Clinical features Behavioral and personality changes, including irritability and disinhibition Motor abnormalities including hypertonia, hyperreflexia[pathologyoutlines.com] From Wikidata Jump to navigation Jump to search brain disease that is characterized by loss of brain function, the occurrence of confusion, altered level of consciousness,[wikidata.org]

    Missing: Sexually Disinhibited Behavior
  • Meningitis

    syndrome, Marfan's syndrome, and Niemann—Pick disease.[nejm.org] Other symptoms are nausea, vomiting, inability to look bright lights, confusion, irritability and confusion. In babies, there will be a characteristic high-pitched cry.[symptoma.com] CASE SUMMARY: We discuss the case of a 56-year-old white man with a history of rheumatoid arthritis and hypertension who became confused, nauseated, and began to vomit within[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CASE REPORT A 49-year-old Asian male presented to the emergency department with complaints of a headache, fever greater than 37.8 C (100 F) and confusion, of approximately[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Sexually Disinhibited Behavior
  • Barbiturate Withdrawal

    This withdrawal syndrome can be broken down into steps, including: Step 1: Stop using the substance, under medical supervision.[sunrisehouse.com] Other clinical features like confusion, delirium, auditory and visual hallucinations, hyperpyrexia, circulatory collapse, and dehydration may occur between 48 to 120 hours[symptoma.com] […] suspect benzodiazepine-induced delirium and trial flumazenil among patients with persistent confusion whose withdrawal seemed to have resolved (e.g. normal vital signs, no hyperreflexia[emcrit.org] Physical effects can include: Disorientation Respiratory distress Drowsiness/Confusion Cardiac arrest Motor dysfunction Respiratory depression Headache Slowed, slurred speech[addictionhope.com]

    Missing: Sexually Disinhibited Behavior
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Individuals with Down syndrome, an abnormality of the 21st chromosome, have a significantly higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. age.[medicineonline.com] That D-amphetamine was critical to the resulting marked diminution in confusion, paranoia, and deficit in short term memory was confirmed by the occurrence of a relapse coincident[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Postencephalitic Syndrome - This is brought on during the late stages of Parkinson's Disease as the nerves break down.[gomentor.com] Both patients had intellectual impairment and memory loss punctuated by periods of confusion, tremulousness, clumsiness, difficulty in walking, and myoclonic jerks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreflexia
  • Lyme Disease

    I developed restless body syndrome. I couldn’t sit. I couldn’t lie down.[nymag.com] Although incomplete presentations of neurologic involvement of Lyme disease may be confused with other entities, the typical constellation of neurologic symptoms represents[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] requires additional attention by physicians, since the disease has a tendency to progress to the late, recurrent stage or the chronic form, and the associated headache can be confused[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Third-stage parenchymal involvement causes a multitude of nonspecific CNS manifestations that can be confused with conditions such as multiple sclerosis, brain tumor, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Sexually Disinhibited Behavior
  • Substance Withdrawal Syndrome

    […] your baby was born prematurely (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) What complications can neonatal abstinence syndrome cause for your baby?[marchofdimes.org] Twelve to 24 hours after cessation, the condition may progress to such major symptoms as confusion, hallucinations (with awareness of reality), tremor, agitation, and similar[en.wikipedia.org] […] withdrawal syndrome appear 12-20 hours after the last dose; they include anxiety, irritability, elevated heart and respiration rate, muscle pain, nausea, tremors, hallucinations, confusion[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] GHB and flunitrazepam may cause sedation, confusion and memory loss.[mayoclinic.org]

    Missing: Sexually Disinhibited Behavior

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