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296 Possible Causes for Confusion, drop attack, Narcolepsy

  • Syncope

    It has many causes, and is distinct from vertigo, seizures, coma, falls, psychogenic pseudosyncope, drop attacks, transient ischaemic attacks, and states of altered consciousness[] Syncope must be separated from seizures and other states of altered consciousness such as dizziness, vertigo, coma, and narcolepsy.[] The overlap of these clinical conditions leads to confusion regarding syncope classification that can hinder evaluation strategies, and pose challenges for diagnosis and treatment[]

  • Vasovagal Syncope

    It has many causes, and is distinct from vertigo, seizures, coma, falls, psychogenic pseudosyncope, drop attacks, transient ischaemic attacks, and states of altered consciousness[] Narcolepsy, cataplexy. Drop attacks. Dizziness or vertigo without loss of consciousness. Alcohol/drug abuse. Transient ischaemic attacks / stroke.[] As soon as there is a slow-down in heart rate, the resulting lack of blood to the brain brings about fainting and confusion.[]

  • Epilepsy

    Atonic seizures, also known as drop attacks, drop seizures or akinetic epileptic drop attacks, may involve a sudden loss of muscle tone, a head drop or leg weakening.[] Narcolepsy type 1 and focal epilepsy was diagnosed.[] He did indicate episodic confusion pointing towards possibility of more occurrences.[]

  • Migraine

    Serotonin levels drop during migraine attacks.[] Episodic cluster headache and narcolepsy: a case report. Cephalalgia. 1991; 11(3) 113-115 94 Schürks M, Diener H C. Cluster headache and lifestyle habits.[] A middle-aged man presented with intermittent episodes of a brief sensation of explosion in the head, visual flashing, vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, confusion, ataxia,[]

  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    This case study highlights the need to consider psychological factors when evaluating otherwise unexplained drop attacks.[] Four patients with comorbidity for narcolepsy type 1 and idiopathic generalized epilepsy are reported: in three cases the onset of epilepsy preceded narcolepsy type 1 appearance[] Early onset of seizures and later recognized episodes of mild confusion before meals together with persistent atypical EEG features and unexpected learning difficulties led[]

  • Narcolepsy

    attacks).[] The exact cause of narcolepsy isn't known. Narcolepsy has a genetic component and tends to run in families.[] Initial manifestations can sometimes be as subtle as only partial drooping of eyelids leading to confusion with a myasthenic condition.[]

  • Cataplexy

    His recently developed "drop attacks" on laughter were recognized as cataplexy and led to the diagnosis of Niemann-Pick type C disease.[] Narcolepsy affects one in 2,000 Americans.[] Cataplexy is a strange neurologic condition, occasionally confused with epilepsy.[]

  • Narcolepsy-Cataplexy Syndrome

    Cataplexy - may mimic drop attacks, syncope, seizures/epilepsy, transient ischaemic attack, periodic paralysis (channelopathies), psychiatric disorder, or cataplectic-like[] The narcolepsy-cataplexy syndrome is a condition characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, fragmented night sleep and attacks of sleep (narcolepsy) accompanied by sudden[] It must be taken twice a night (once before bedtime and again three or four hours later), but can cause numerous side effects, such as headaches , nausea, dizziness, confusion[]

  • Kleine-Levin Syndrome

    He was noticed to have frequent movements of legs during sleep, but had no history of aura, snoring, sleep paralysis, vivid dreams, sleep fragmentation, or sudden drop attacks[] KEYWORDS: Kleine-Levin syndrome; MRI; Narcolepsy; PET; SPECT[] The episodic disorder was characterised by excessive sleep, voracious appetite, irritability, confusion and electro-encephalographic changes. Remission was spontaneous.[]

  • Parasomnia

    Diagnosis Sleep paralysis should be distinguished from a number of other conditions which may mimic it such as atonic seizures, cataplexy, hypokalemic periodic paralysis,[] Narcolepsy Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder characterised by excessive sleepiness and daytime sleep attacks.[] Sleepwalkers may open their eyes while asleep or be confused when they wake up.[]

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