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104 Possible Causes for Confusion, EEG Slowing, Impaired Judgement

  • Hypoglycemia

    What you will feel is probably: shaky, a bit confused, a little uncoordinated, sweaty, some peoples eyes go funny.[web.archive.org] The definition of clinically significant hypoglycemia remains one of the most confused and contentious issues in contemporary neonatology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In some cases, people with normal blood glucose levels experience symptoms that can be confused with hypoglycemia.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Hyponatremia

    Moderate - personality change, muscle cramps and weakness, confusion, ataxia. Severe - drowsiness.[patient.info] A 41 year old Jordanian gentleman known case of osteogenesis imperfecta presented with vomiting, decreased oral intake followed by confusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cognitive impairment (eg, short-term memory loss, disorientation, confusion, depression). Focal or generalised seizures.[patient.info]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement. Consciousness is not affected.[who.int] We would like to discuss the confusing features of atypical AD that mimic other dementias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Progression is evident as increasing impairment of memory developing gradually into a global impairment of cognition, including orientation, language, judgement, perceptual[dx.doi.org]

  • Stroke

    Deep Belief Networks Based Brain Activity Classification Using EEG from Slow Cortical Potentials in Stroke.[dergipark.org.tr] The symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble[ninds.nih.gov] It is frequently confused with peripheral nerve system (PNS) pathologies; misdiagnosis may delay identification of the etiology and treatment of stroke.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Concussion

    For example, in the first few minutes after the injury, someone might be just slightly confused or appear a little bit dazed.[utswmed.org] Immediately after the accident, the person may be confused, not remember what happened or have nausea, blurry vision, or dizziness.[mayfieldclinic.com] Symptoms include loss of consciousness, confusion, memory difficulties, and other signs of brain dysfunction. Diagnosis is clinical with neuroimaging done as needed.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Dementia

    Common dementia signs and symptoms include: Memory loss Impaired judgement Difficulties with abstract thinking Faulty reasoning Inappropriate behavior Loss of communication[helpguide.org] In patients with delirium, the EEG shows a diffuse slowing of the background rhythm. An exception is patients with delirium tremens, where the EEG shows fast activity.[web.archive.org] Treating conditions that can lead to confusion often greatly improve mental function.[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    […] generalized slowing, consistent with brain injury.[path.upmc.edu] Two patients had confusion, ataxia, or ocular changes and low serum thiamine levels, which resolved with parenteral thiamine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electroencephalogram (EEG) shows diffuse mild to moderately slow activity. 2. What imaging studies (if any) should be ordered to help establish the diagnosis?[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    Confusion, seizures, slow EEG with triphasic waves, peripheral asterixis, and myoclonus Polyneuropathy seen in hepatic disease is often associated with what?[cram.com] These include patients with known diabetes who experience symptoms of confusion due to low blood sugar.[healthcare-online.org] In the cases of encephalopathy, EEG can register generalized slowing or suppression of the EEG reactivity, loss of fast rhythm with occurrence of diffuse slow activity (theta[neurologyindia.com]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    (33%), motor deficits in 3 (33%), language difficulties in 2 (22%), sensory deficits in 2 (22%), visual field deficits in 2 (22%), psychiatric manifestations in 2 (22%), confusion[thefreelibrary.com] Confusion. Personality changes. Symptoms related to hormonal changes if you have a pituitary tumour. These symptoms tend to develop gradually.[patient.info] […] and more severe New onset of seizures Gradual loss of sensation or movement in an arm or a leg Difficulty with balance Difficulty speaking Personality or behavior changes Confusion[barrowneuro.org]

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Acute attacks present with episodes of severe abdominal pain, nausea, confusion and severe life-threatening seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The highly variable symptomatic presentation of AIP causes confusion with other diseases and results in a high misdiagnosis rate (68% in China) and delayed effective treatments[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The disease is clinically manifested with severe abdominal pain, confusion, and seizures which may be life threatening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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