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19 Possible Causes for Confusion, Electroencephalogram Abnormal, Fecal Impaction

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Acute attacks present with episodes of severe abdominal pain, nausea, confusion and severe life-threatening seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The highly variable symptomatic presentation of AIP causes confusion with other diseases and results in a high misdiagnosis rate (68% in China) and delayed effective treatments[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The disease is clinically manifested with severe abdominal pain, confusion, and seizures which may be life threatening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Hepatic Porphyria

    RESULTS: All patients identified prodromal symptoms that began days prior to acute severe pain; the most common included confusion ("brain fog"), irritability, and fatigue[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] weeks, neurological symptoms (muscular weakness, sensory loss or convulsions) and psychological symptoms (irritability, anxiety, auditory or visual hallucinations, mental confusion[orpha.net] Additional signs include head, neck and chest pain, hypertension, seizures, mental changes (restlessness, anxiety, confusion, insomnia, disorientation), and neuropathies that[symptoma.com]

  • Delirium

    impaction, hypertensive encephalopathy, liver failure, long stays in an ICU, mental disorders, postoperative states, sensory deprivation, sleep deprivation, toxins that affect[msdmanuals.com] Confusion, introduced by French workers during the second half of the century, referred to a syndrome wider than (but including) delirium.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] impaction, hypertensive encephalopathy, liver failure , long stays in an ICU, mental disorders, postoperative states, sensory deprivation, sleep deprivation, toxins that[merckmanuals.com]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    impaction, hypertensive encephalopathy, liver failure , long stays in an ICU, mental disorders, postoperative states, sensory deprivation, sleep deprivation, toxins that[merckmanuals.com] The following tests may be done: Blood tests—usually show high blood ammonia levels and other abnormalities related to the failing liver Electroencephalogram ]] (EEG)—may[empowher.com] These include patients with known diabetes who experience symptoms of confusion due to low blood sugar.[healthcare-online.org]

  • Transient Ischemic Attack

    Bowel management to avoid constipation and fecal impaction or diarrhea also is a component of ancillary care. 631 Some feedings administered via a PEG or nasogastric tube[doi.org] They happen suddenly, and include Numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body Confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech Trouble seeing in one or both[nlm.nih.gov] Compared with neurologists, GPs considered "confusion" and "unexplained fall" more often compatible with TIA and "lower facial palsy" and "monocular blindness" less often[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium

    impaction, urinary retention, and change of environment In persons who are elderly, medications at therapeutic doses and levels can cause delirium.[emedicine.medscape.com] EEG: An EEG, or electroencephalogram, can detect electrical abnormalities in your brain.[healthline.com] Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure[ebi.ac.uk]

  • Goldberg-Shprintzen Syndrome

    Seizures or abnormal electroencephalogram (EEG) are described in 102 out of 139 of the published cases (73%) [ 19, 22, 24, 29 – 31 ], although no particular seizure type is[ojrd.biomedcentral.com] Yomo et al. (1991) referred to this disorder as Goldberg-Shprintzen syndrome, which should not be confused with Shprintzen-Goldberg craniosynostosis syndrome (182212) or 2[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This syndrome should not be confused with the Shprintzen-Goldberg syndrome (OMIM 182212, craniosynostosis, marfanoid habitus).[jmg.bmj.com]

  • Myxedema Coma

    impaction Myxedema megacolon--late Hypoventilation Hypothermia Myxedematous face Generalized swelling Macroglossia Ptosis Periorbital edema Coarse, sparse hair Nonpitting[lilywhite.us] Patients will have elevated thyroid-specific autoantibodies (Anti-TPO), elevated cerebrospinal fluid protein without pleocytosis, and abnormal electroencephalogram [ 38 ].[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 41-year-old male presented to the emergency department with confusion, right-sided numbness and tingling, slurred speech, dizziness, and facial edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Receptive Aphasia

    Constipation and fecal impaction are more common after stroke than bowel incontinence.[doi.org] An electroencephalogram should be considered in children with seizures or with significant receptive language disabilities.[aafp.org] People with Wernicke's Aphasia typically remain unaware of even their most profound language deficits. [ 3 ] Receptive aphasia is not to be confused with Wernicke-Korsakoff[research.omicsgroup.org]

  • Hemiparesis

    New-onset fecal incontinence after stroke: prevalence, natural history, risk factors, and impact. Stroke. 2003 Jan. 34(1):144-50. [Medline].[medscape.com] Electroencephalogram was abnormal in 16 (four children were comatose and had diffuse slowing while 12 others had focal discharges).[ruralneuropractice.com] At completion, however, the patient became confused and agitated, with no improvement despite the reversal of sedation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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