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9,938 Possible Causes for Confusion, Epileptiform Activity, Hyperreninemia

  • Hyponatremia

    In this setting, release of both antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (increases renal permeability to water) and renin (increases renal sodium retention) occurs.[] Moderate - personality change, muscle cramps and weakness, confusion, ataxia. Severe - drowsiness.[] A 41 year old Jordanian gentleman known case of osteogenesis imperfecta presented with vomiting, decreased oral intake followed by confusion.[]

  • Epilepsy

    It remains unclear whether seizures and epileptiform activity on the EEG are causative or comorbid.[] He did indicate episodic confusion pointing towards possibility of more occurrences.[] Through an accurate Video-EEG polygraphic analysis, we demonstrated that seizures are related to an abnormal increase of epileptiform activity after eye-closure or loss of[]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    epileptiform activity.[] Consciousness returns slowly, and the person may be drowsy, confused, agitated, or depressed.[] They may be confused, tired, or sleepy after the seizure. Sometimes patients may bite their tongue or the inside of their cheek during a tonic-clonic seizure.[]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Hyperglycemia

    People who have severe hypoglycemia may feel very drowsy and confused, and might even become unconscious. If this happens, someone else can inject the hormone glucagon.[] Hyperglycemia , or high blood sugar (also spelled hyperglycaemia or hyperglycæmia, not to be confused with the opposite disorder, hypoglycemia) is a condition in which an[] Complications from Hypoglycemia If hypoglycemia is not treated immediately, it can result in: Severe confusion and disorientation Unconsciousness Seizures Coma Death Ways[]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Ling, Spontaneous Epileptiform Activity in Rat Neocortex after Controlled Cortical Impact Injury, Journal of Neurotrauma, 27, 8, (1541), (2010).[] Level 4-- Confused/Agitated: Person is extremely agitated and confused.[] This is further confused because incidence rates are calculated only from the number of hospitalized cases or fatalities.[]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    However, little is currently known about the modulation of these networks by epileptiform activity, such as interictal spikes and seizures.[] Patients usually experience a postictal period of confusion. The postictal phase may last for several minutes.[] Neurophysiologic findings in NTLE are typically a predominance of lateral temporal interictal epileptiform activity (IEA) and an ictal onset pattern consisting of irregular[]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Status Epilepticus

    activity ( 85%) during NREM sleep.[] In the first type of NCSE, patients present with confusion or abnormal behavior, suggesting the diagnosis of absence status epilepticus (ASE) or complex partial status epilepticus[] A high level of suspicion of DNASLO in cases of unexplained confusion in adults or elderly subjects taking cephalosporins is essential to prompt an emergency EEG and, in turn[]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Wicket spikes (WS) are a normal variant EEG pattern that sometimes can be mistaken for epileptiform activity.[] Early onset of seizures and later recognized episodes of mild confusion before meals together with persistent atypical EEG features and unexpected learning difficulties led[] Forty patients out of 249 (16.1%) had increased epileptiform activity during activation procedures.[]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Limbic Encephalitis

    Electroencephalography showed focal or generalized slowing and/or epileptiform activity, maximal in the temporal regions, in all 22 patients tested.[] OBSERVATIONS: We present the case of a 58-year-old man who had a rapid onset of progressive confusion, twitching of the face and hand, and abnormal basal ganglia detected[] During the prodrome of FBDS alone, patients had normal sodium and brain MRIs, but electroencephalography demonstrated ictal epileptiform activity in 7 patients (24%).[]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Vasovagal Syncope

    activity, implying feigned syncope (pseudosyncope) with pseudoseizures.[] As soon as there is a slow-down in heart rate, the resulting lack of blood to the brain brings about fainting and confusion.[] They may complain of symptoms including nausea, abdominal pain, clamminess, tremors, lightheadedness, headache, malaise, exhaustion and confusion.[]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia

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