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9,938 Possible Causes for Confusion, Epileptiform Activity, Hyperreninemia

  • Hyponatremia

    In this setting, release of both antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (increases renal permeability to water) and renin (increases renal sodium retention) occurs.[doi.org] Moderate - personality change, muscle cramps and weakness, confusion, ataxia. Severe - drowsiness.[patient.info] A 41 year old Jordanian gentleman known case of osteogenesis imperfecta presented with vomiting, decreased oral intake followed by confusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Epilepsy

    It remains unclear whether seizures and epileptiform activity on the EEG are causative or comorbid.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He did indicate episodic confusion pointing towards possibility of more occurrences.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Through an accurate Video-EEG polygraphic analysis, we demonstrated that seizures are related to an abnormal increase of epileptiform activity after eye-closure or loss of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    epileptiform activity.[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org] Consciousness returns slowly, and the person may be drowsy, confused, agitated, or depressed.[epilepsynewengland.org] They may be confused, tired, or sleepy after the seizure. Sometimes patients may bite their tongue or the inside of their cheek during a tonic-clonic seizure.[dravetsyndromenews.com]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Hyperglycemia

    People who have severe hypoglycemia may feel very drowsy and confused, and might even become unconscious. If this happens, someone else can inject the hormone glucagon.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperglycemia , or high blood sugar (also spelled hyperglycaemia or hyperglycæmia, not to be confused with the opposite disorder, hypoglycemia) is a condition in which an[omicsonline.org] Complications from Hypoglycemia If hypoglycemia is not treated immediately, it can result in: Severe confusion and disorientation Unconsciousness Seizures Coma Death Ways[visionaware.org]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    Ling, Spontaneous Epileptiform Activity in Rat Neocortex after Controlled Cortical Impact Injury, Journal of Neurotrauma, 27, 8, (1541), (2010).[dx.doi.org] Level 4-- Confused/Agitated: Person is extremely agitated and confused.[msktc.org] This is further confused because incidence rates are calculated only from the number of hospitalized cases or fatalities.[symptoma.com]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

    However, little is currently known about the modulation of these networks by epileptiform activity, such as interictal spikes and seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients usually experience a postictal period of confusion. The postictal phase may last for several minutes.[patient.info] Neurophysiologic findings in NTLE are typically a predominance of lateral temporal interictal epileptiform activity (IEA) and an ictal onset pattern consisting of irregular[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Status Epilepticus

    activity ( 85%) during NREM sleep.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the first type of NCSE, patients present with confusion or abnormal behavior, suggesting the diagnosis of absence status epilepticus (ASE) or complex partial status epilepticus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A high level of suspicion of DNASLO in cases of unexplained confusion in adults or elderly subjects taking cephalosporins is essential to prompt an emergency EEG and, in turn[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Wicket spikes (WS) are a normal variant EEG pattern that sometimes can be mistaken for epileptiform activity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early onset of seizures and later recognized episodes of mild confusion before meals together with persistent atypical EEG features and unexpected learning difficulties led[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Forty patients out of 249 (16.1%) had increased epileptiform activity during activation procedures.[annalsofian.org]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Limbic Encephalitis

    Electroencephalography showed focal or generalized slowing and/or epileptiform activity, maximal in the temporal regions, in all 22 patients tested.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] OBSERVATIONS: We present the case of a 58-year-old man who had a rapid onset of progressive confusion, twitching of the face and hand, and abnormal basal ganglia detected[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] During the prodrome of FBDS alone, patients had normal sodium and brain MRIs, but electroencephalography demonstrated ictal epileptiform activity in 7 patients (24%).[ndcn.ox.ac.uk]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia
  • Vasovagal Syncope

    activity, implying feigned syncope (pseudosyncope) with pseudoseizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As soon as there is a slow-down in heart rate, the resulting lack of blood to the brain brings about fainting and confusion.[symptoma.com] They may complain of symptoms including nausea, abdominal pain, clamminess, tremors, lightheadedness, headache, malaise, exhaustion and confusion.[pccoforegon.com]

    Missing: Hyperreninemia

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