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47 Possible Causes for Confusion, Fecal Impaction, Visual Hallucination

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Acute attacks present with episodes of severe abdominal pain, nausea, confusion and severe life-threatening seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Psychological symptoms are variable: irritability, emotionality, depression, considerable anxiety and, more rarely, auditory and visual hallucinations, disorientation, mental[orpha.net] The highly variable symptomatic presentation of AIP causes confusion with other diseases and results in a high misdiagnosis rate (68% in China) and delayed effective treatments[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Hepatic Porphyria

    RESULTS: All patients identified prodromal symptoms that began days prior to acute severe pain; the most common included confusion ("brain fog"), irritability, and fatigue[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hallucinations, mental confusion).[orpha.net] Not to be confused with Porphyra.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Dementia

    Treating conditions that can lead to confusion often greatly improve mental function.[nlm.nih.gov] Clinical predictors of PDD were visual hallucinations (odds ratio [OR] 21.3; 95% CI: 1.5 to 309.6) and male gender (OR 9.6; 95% CI: 1.3 to 71.4).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These include restlessness and agitation, depression, anxiety, forgetfulness and confusion.[symptoma.com]

  • Delirium

    impaction, hypertensive encephalopathy, liver failure, long stays in an ICU, mental disorders, postoperative states, sensory deprivation, sleep deprivation, toxins that affect[msdmanuals.com] Confusion, introduced by French workers during the second half of the century, referred to a syndrome wider than (but including) delirium.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Although she exhibited transient visual hallucinations during the delirium, she had no overt dementia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Transient Ischemic Attack

    Bowel management to avoid constipation and fecal impaction or diarrhea also is a component of ancillary care. 631 Some feedings administered via a PEG or nasogastric tube[doi.org] They happen suddenly, and include Numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body Confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech Trouble seeing in one or both[nlm.nih.gov] Compared with neurologists, GPs considered "confusion" and "unexplained fall" more often compatible with TIA and "lower facial palsy" and "monocular blindness" less often[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperpyrexia

    impaction, bowel obstruction, bowel perforation, or renal failure.[emdocs.net] We observed a patient who, during the administration of intravenous cimetidine, became hyperpyretic and confused.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] He was disoriented and responding to visual hallucinations. Investigations revealed an elevated creatine kinase and a provisional diagnosis of PHS was made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium

    impaction, urinary retention, and change of environment In persons who are elderly, medications at therapeutic doses and levels can cause delirium.[emedicine.medscape.com] Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure[ebi.ac.uk] The present association analysis tested the hypothesis that the A10 candidate allele confers vulnerability to alcohol-withdrawal delirium with visual hallucinations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    impaction, hypertensive encephalopathy, liver failure , long stays in an ICU, mental disorders, postoperative states, sensory deprivation, sleep deprivation, toxins that[merckmanuals.com] These include patients with known diabetes who experience symptoms of confusion due to low blood sugar.[healthcare-online.org] It can cause paranoid and grandiose delusions, agitation, hallucinations (visual and auditory), bizarre behavior, fear, short-term memory loss, and confusion. [5] HIV encephalopathy[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Bowel problems : Constipation can lead to fecal impaction, and this can lead to bowel incontinence.[medicalnewstoday.com] In this review we describe conditions that may be confused with MS because they can present as lesions disseminated in time, space, or both.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] number of fecal bacteria by 90% by 12 hours with recovery to pretreatment levels taking 6 days.[doi.org]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal

    impaction, urinary retention, and change of environment In persons who are elderly, medications at therapeutic doses and levels can cause delirium.[emedicine.medscape.com] A 57 year-old woman with no history of cardiac disease presented to the emergency department with confusion and seizures secondary to alcohol withdrawal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 27-year-old man was admitted with tremulousness, diaphoresis, tachypnea (28 breaths/min), full-body rigidity, irritability, paranoia, and auditory and visual hallucinations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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