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334 Possible Causes for Confusion, Formication, Vertigo

  • Acute Amphetamine Intoxication

    Central nervous system manifestations are as follows: Change of mental status, disorientation, and headache Dyskinesias Agitation Formication Symptoms of stroke Cardiovascular[emedicine.medscape.com] Nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, vertigo, and possible convulsions and respiratory paralysis characterize this type of poisoning.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] chills; nausea or vomiting; evidence of weight loss; psychomotor agitation or retardation; muscular weakness, respiratory depression, chest pain, or cardiac arrhythmias; and confusion[dsm.wikia.com]

  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Other symptoms that may be treated with drugs include seizures, vertigo, and tremor.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] weeks, and include progressive weakness on one side of the body or clumsiness of limbs, disturbance of vision, and changes in thinking, memory, and orientation leading to confusion[ocrevus.com] The confusion may arise because the disease modifying drugs for relapsing remitting MS are not available to people with primary progressive MS.[mstrust.org.uk]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    A 37-year old male presented with vertigo, paranoia, and tremor and had MRI changes suggestive of demyelinating disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this review we describe conditions that may be confused with MS because they can present as lesions disseminated in time, space, or both.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] both with neurological symptoms from the sacral segments, such as weakness of the pelvic floor and bladder and bowel dysfunction, and to other symptoms such as ataxia and vertigo[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Essential Thrombocythemia

    If it occurs in the brain, there may be mental confusion or, in more serious cases, a stroke. Every year, there is one new case of ET per 100,000 people.[uihc.org] Patients also report paresthesias and episodic transient ischemic attacks; transient neurologic symptoms include the following: Unsteadiness Dysarthria Dysphoria Vertigo Dizziness[emedicine.medscape.com] Other symptoms in ET include headaches, fatigue, temporary changes in vision, dizziness, ringing in the ears, vertigo and tingling in the hands.[rarediseases.org]

  • Methanol Poisoning

    The role of formic acid in methanol toxicity in human subjects has not been established.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After 12 to 24 hours, the more significant symptoms can develop, such as a headache, dizziness, vertigo and blurred vision*.[thedosebali.com] He had loss of vision and seemed to be confused. He was immediately evacuated by helicopter to a large urban hospital emergency department.[dx.doi.org]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    This pathway is easily saturable, contributing to accumulation of formic acid in the blood.[cjasn.asnjournals.org] Intoxicated individuals may also experience nausea, vomiting, vertigo, headache and present with bloodshot eyes (Vonghia, et al., 2008).The DSM-5 also explains that alcohol[theravive.com] Alcohol, Vitamin B1 – Thiamine Deficiency and Brain Damage Acute alcohol intoxication will typically produce unsteadiness, slurring of speech and mild confusion.[stewartnutrition.co.uk]

  • Anxiety Disorder

    Dizziness embracing vertigo, unsteadiness and imbalance are common in the elderly, so is generalized anxiety disorder, which is a common psychiatric problem in later life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinicians should not confuse GAD with specific phobias, which have much more acute and traumatic symptoms.[psychcentral.com] […] breath increased heart beats trembling dizziness chest pain sweating hot flashes headache feelings of unreality tingling sensations breathing faster than necessary nausea vertigo[web.archive.org]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    Formic acid pretreatment enhances immunostaining of cerebral and systemic amyloids. Lab Invest. 1987; 57 :230–6. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] Klunk WE.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Figures and Tables - Analysis 1.51 Comparison 1 Cholinesterase inhibitor (optimum dose) vs placebo, Outcome 51 Number who suffered at least one adverse event of vertigo before[cochranelibrary.com] We would like to discuss the confusing features of atypical AD that mimic other dementias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

    CASE DETAILS: We describe a patient who attempted suicide by mixing formic and sulfuric acids.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This is the biggest headache for the physician, and it is an area where confusion is common.[doi.org] The patient was admitted to the ED with nausea, dizziness, vertigo, and syncope. CONCLUSIONS The diagnosis of CO poisoning depends on suspicious anamnesis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis

    A few days later, he experienced mild vertigo, double vision, and headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A lack of specificity in serological diagnosis may add to diagnostic confusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bright lights and rapid movements still brought on a feeling of vertigo.[bmj.com]

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