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10,046 Possible Causes for Confusion, Horner's Syndrome, Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood

  • Stroke

    Studies there showed that she too had global aphasia and right hemiparesis without Horner syndrome, and had an NIHSS score of 17.[web.archive.org] The symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble[ninds.nih.gov] It is frequently confused with peripheral nerve system (PNS) pathologies; misdiagnosis may delay identification of the etiology and treatment of stroke.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Transient Ischemic Attack

    syndrome, head or neck pain, or cranial nerve palsy) or no symptoms.[doi.org] They happen suddenly, and include Numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body Confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech Trouble seeing in one or both[nlm.nih.gov] Compared with neurologists, GPs considered "confusion" and "unexplained fall" more often compatible with TIA and "lower facial palsy" and "monocular blindness" less often[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Migraine

    […] of absent vision with a shimmering or glittering zigzag border Physical findings during a migraine headache may include the following: Cranial/cervical muscle tenderness Horner[emedicine.com] A middle-aged man presented with intermittent episodes of a brief sensation of explosion in the head, visual flashing, vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, confusion, ataxia,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The ACC plays an important role in the frontal attentional control system and acute confusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Recurrent Small-Cell Carcinoma of the Lung

    Symptoms may include one or more of the following: a headache (that worsens in the morning), blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, confusion, speech problems, photophobia.[symptoma.com] Tumors in the liver may result in abdominal pain, jaundice (a yellowish discoloration of the skin), itching or confusion.[verywell.com] Unfortunately, there are different versions of this system in use, which may lead to confusion or discrepancies between centres.[breathe.ersjournals.com]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Other symptoms: These include Horner's syndrome, abnormal cardiac rhythm, abnormal vascular responses (with acute pulmonary oedema), weight loss, and inappropriate antidiuretic[patient.info] In this review we describe conditions that may be confused with MS because they can present as lesions disseminated in time, space, or both.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Conditions often confused with MS may be inflammatory (systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjögren's syndrome, vasculitis, sarcoidosis, Behçet's disease), infectious (Lyme disease[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Dissecting Aortic Aneurysm

    […] check BP in the arm with best radial pulse) shock – ominous signs: tamponade, hypovolaemia, vagal tone heart failure neurological deficits: limb weakness, paraesthesiae, Horners[lifeinthefastlane.com] […] ok, i'm still confused.[allnurses.com] The pain of an abdominal aortic dissection can be confused with the pain caused by a kidney stone.[medicinenet.com]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Hypotension

    […] symptoms Symptoms of decreased sympathetic function may include the following: Orthostatic hypotension Decreased sweating Ejaculatory dysfunction Ptosis associated with Horner[emedicine.medscape.com] […] with SCB use based on studies using Texas Poison control record are tachycardia, agitation and irritability, drowsiness, hallucinations, delusions, hypertension, nausea, confusion[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Besides feeling faint, someone experiencing orthostatic hypotension might have blurry vision or feel nauseated, weak, and confused.[kidshealth.org]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Neurofibromatosis Type 1

    The number of café au lait macules increases with age in childhood, similar to what is observed in NF1 [Author, personal observation]. Macrocephaly.[web.archive.org] Neurological examination was abnormal in four with weakness, sensory change, or Horner's syndrome that could be attributed to the tumours or to postoperative change.[jmg.bmj.com] We aim to raise awareness among pathologists regarding this rare subtype of CTCL and emphasize characteristic histological features of CTFHCL, which can be confused with B-cell[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Brain Stem Infarction

    Wallenberg syndrome: occlusion of posterior inferior cerebellar artery → lesion of the lateral medulla, presenting as an ipsilateral Horner syndrome; loss of pain and temperature[usmleforum.com] […] with brainstem infarctions had sensory symptoms localized below the neck more frequently (5/10) than cases with thalamic infarctions (1/11), thus would be more likely to be confused[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sign Up Where in the brainstem would the lesion be found for a patient with contralateral loss of all sensation, severe tremor, and ipsilateral Horner syndrome?[knowledge.statpearls.com]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood
  • Lung Cancer

    Tumors in the top of the lung, known as Pancoast tumors, may invade the local part of the sympathetic nervous system, resulting in Horner's syndrome (dropping of the eyelid[en.wikipedia.org] Nodular sarcoidosis may be confused with metastatic disease.[pulmonologyadvisor.com] Stereotactic treatments can be confusing because many hospitals call the treatments by the name of the manufacturer rather than calling it SRS or SBRT.[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Relative Macrocephaly in Childhood

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