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12 Possible Causes for Confusion, Impaired Judgement, Slowing - Theta Waves Bilaterally

  • Hypoglycemia

    What you will feel is probably: shaky, a bit confused, a little uncoordinated, sweaty, some peoples eyes go funny.[web.archive.org] The definition of clinically significant hypoglycemia remains one of the most confused and contentious issues in contemporary neonatology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Kalhan Abstract The definition of clinically significant hypoglycemia remains one of the most confused and contentious issues in contemporary neonatology.[doi.org]

  • Hyponatremia

    Moderate - personality change, muscle cramps and weakness, confusion, ataxia. Severe - drowsiness.[patient.info] A 41 year old Jordanian gentleman known case of osteogenesis imperfecta presented with vomiting, decreased oral intake followed by confusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cognitive impairment (eg, short-term memory loss, disorientation, confusion, depression). Focal or generalised seizures.[patient.info]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement. Consciousness is not affected.[who.int] We would like to discuss the confusing features of atypical AD that mimic other dementias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Progression is evident as increasing impairment of memory developing gradually into a global impairment of cognition, including orientation, language, judgement, perceptual[dx.doi.org]

  • Dementia

    Common dementia signs and symptoms include: Memory loss Impaired judgement Difficulties with abstract thinking Faulty reasoning Inappropriate behavior Loss of communication[helpguide.org] Treating conditions that can lead to confusion often greatly improve mental function.[nlm.nih.gov] Common dementia signs and symptoms Memory loss Impaired judgement Difficulties with abstract thinking Faulty reasoning Inappropriate behavior Loss of communication skills[helpguide.org]

  • Stroke

    The symptoms of a stroke include sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding speech; sudden trouble[ninds.nih.gov] It is frequently confused with peripheral nerve system (PNS) pathologies; misdiagnosis may delay identification of the etiology and treatment of stroke.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    Two patients had confusion, ataxia, or ocular changes and low serum thiamine levels, which resolved with parenteral thiamine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Wernicke's classic triad (confusion, ocular abnormalities, and ataxia) manifested in only 46.9% (23 of 49) of the patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract In a chronic alcoholic patient with progressive confusion, which was consistent with the clinical diagnosis of Wernicke encephalopathy, T2-weighted, FLAIR and diffusion[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Encephalopathy

    These include patients with known diabetes who experience symptoms of confusion due to low blood sugar.[healthcare-online.org] , hallucinations, confusion, autonomic features); Seizures within 48 hours Wernicke's encephalopathy Triad: Opthalmoparesis (nystagmus), gait ataxia and confusion; Responds[quizlet.com] confusion Tremor Muscle stiffness Stupor or coma Uncontrollable movements, or, rarely seizure Early recognition of these manifestations and immediate treatment may serve[symptoma.com]

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Acute attacks present with episodes of severe abdominal pain, nausea, confusion and severe life-threatening seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The highly variable symptomatic presentation of AIP causes confusion with other diseases and results in a high misdiagnosis rate (68% in China) and delayed effective treatments[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The disease is clinically manifested with severe abdominal pain, confusion, and seizures which may be life threatening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Traumatic Brain Injury

    ; disrupted insight, judgement, and thought; reduced processing speed; distractibility; and deficits in executive functions such as abstract reasoning, planning, problem-solving[en.wikipedia.org] Level 4-- Confused/Agitated: Person is extremely agitated and confused.[msktc.org] […] frontal atrophy may have impaired post-retrieval evaluation processes leading the patient to falsely conclude, based on more general characteristics of the study episode,[dx.doi.org]

  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Diagnosis: EEG--- slowing of alpharhythm (( 8—13)) cycles/ second Emergence of theta (( 4 ---7 )) cycles /second Bilateral symmetrical predominant frontal delta waves (( 3[slideshare.net] That D-amphetamine was critical to the resulting marked diminution in confusion, paranoia, and deficit in short term memory was confirmed by the occurrence of a relapse coincident[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both patients had intellectual impairment and memory loss punctuated by periods of confusion, tremulousness, clumsiness, difficulty in walking, and myoclonic jerks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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