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103 Possible Causes for Confusion, Incidence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Increased

  • Acute Intermittent Porphyria

    Acute attacks present with episodes of severe abdominal pain, nausea, confusion and severe life-threatening seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The highly variable symptomatic presentation of AIP causes confusion with other diseases and results in a high misdiagnosis rate (68% in China) and delayed effective treatments[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The disease is clinically manifested with severe abdominal pain, confusion, and seizures which may be life threatening.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alzheimer Disease

    , the development of hepatocellular adenoma and intestinal carcinoma ( NTP, 1993 ).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We would like to discuss the confusing features of atypical AD that mimic other dementias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The goals of treatment are: Slow the progression of the disease (although this is difficult to do) Manage symptoms, such as behavior problems, confusion, and sleep problems[nlm.nih.gov]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    El-Serag HB, Davila JA, Petersen NJ, McGlynn KA (2003) The continuing increase in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in the United States: an update.[doi.org] The worse the patient gets the more confused they get, till they eventually fall into a coma Diagnosis: The test that give the best results is a biopsy.[symptoma.com] El-Serag HB (2012) Epidemiology of viral hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Gastroenterology 142 : 1264–1273. [ PMC free article ] [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] 2.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcoholic Liver Disease

    However, the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in alcoholic cirrhosis (AL-LC) clearly increased during this period.[ci.nii.ac.jp] Acute reversible cerebellar ataxia with confusion secondary to prolonged metronidazole use has been reported rarely as a cause of encephalopathy in patients with ALD.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] that can occur with this disease: Abnormally dark or light skin Agitation Bloody, dark black, or tarry bowel movements ( melena ) Breast development in males Changing mood Confusion[web.archive.org]

  • Uremia

    The high incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in end-stage renal disease patients was caused by a high viral hepatitis rate rather than 'uremia' per se.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this report, we have presented a diabetic patient with uremia, in which acute Parkinsonism occurred, coupled with acute mental confusion, after a sudden increase in blood[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms include low urine output, confusion, loss of consciousness, and excessive thirst.[healthgrades.com]

  • Acute Hepatic Porphyria

    Recent studies indicate that individuals with acute hepatic porphyria have a 36- to 61-fold increased risk of manifesting hepatocellular carcinoma.[medicaljournals.se] RESULTS: All patients identified prodromal symptoms that began days prior to acute severe pain; the most common included confusion ("brain fog"), irritability, and fatigue[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] weeks, neurological symptoms (muscular weakness, sensory loss or convulsions) and psychological symptoms (irritability, anxiety, auditory or visual hallucinations, mental confusion[orpha.net]

  • Variegate Porphyria

    Recent studies indicate that individuals with acute hepatic porphyria have a 36- to 61-fold increased risk of manifesting hepatocellular carcinoma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] For a long time, this disease has caused confusion among the porphyrias because it presents with clinical symptoms and biochemical findings that can be similar to those found[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Confusion, convulsions, and muscular weakness, due to neurologic impairment, may lead to paralysis. An acute attack usually lasts for days or longer.[sema4genomics.com]

  • Cholangitis

    Hepatocellular carcinoma, once a relatively uncommon tumor, has been increasing in incidence since the 1990s because of its association with hepatitis C–induced cirrhosis.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] On examination, patients may have pyrexia (in 90% of cases), rigors, jaundice, right upper quadrant tenderness, confusion, hypotension, and tachycardia may be present.[teachmesurgery.com] Symptoms such as abdominal pain, fever, jaundice and in severe instances confusion and low blood pressure should not be neglected.[diethealthclub.com]

  • Tetrachloroethylene

    The incidence of hepatocellular adenomas and carcinomas was significantly increased in mice of each sex, and the incidence of mononuclear-cell leukaemia was significantly[inchem.org] The difference in mean color confusion indices (CCI) was statistically significant for the Farnsworth test but not Lanthony's D-15d test [Farnsworth CCI mean difference 0.05[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Inhaling its vapors (particularly in closed, poorly ventilated areas) can cause dizziness, headache, sleepiness, confusion, nausea, difficulty in speaking and walking, unconsciousness[stargate.wikia.com]

  • Porphyria

    carcinoma. [58] Patients with variegate porphyria have also shown increased incidences of hepatocellular carcinoma. [105] In patients with acute hepatic porphyria, Baravelli[emedicine.medscape.com] CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department (ED) as a major trauma call, having been found in an "acutely confused state" surrounded by broken glass[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Then, she had episodes of seizure and confusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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