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55 Possible Causes for Confusion, Intracranial Hypertension, Projectile Vomiting

  • Head Injury

    Cerebral artery vasospasm may ensue as an immediate hemodynamic complication of traumatic brain injury causing intracranial hypertension in almost half of patients.[] Dangerous mechanism of injury (high-speed RTA, fall from 3 m, high-speed projectile) If only one of the aforementioned risk factors is present then observe for a minimum[] More than half (56%) screened positive for mTBI, defined as at least one instance in which they experienced a change in consciousness or a period of being dazed and confused[]

  • Epidural Hematoma

    General examination revealed severe headache, no motor or sensory disturbances, and no clinical signs of intracranial hypertension.[] Other symptoms of increased ICP include headache, severe nausea and projectile vomiting.[] A 54-year-old man presented with a 1-week history of headache, confusion, and drowsiness.[]

  • Brain Abscess

    The patient developed a brain abscess and a subdural collection with severe intracranial hypertension of fatal evolution.[] Other symptoms in your child can include: projectile vomiting high-pitched crying spasticity in the limbs Many of these symptoms closely resemble other diseases or health[] The independent factor associated with death outcome identified by multivariate analysis was confusion (odds ratio 7.67, 95% CI 1.95-30.14; p   0.003).[]

  • Meningitis

    We present a case of a 23-year-old woman with a 2-week history nocturnal fever, vertigo, headache and projectile vomiting.[] Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed a high opening pressure but no biochemical parameters to suggest TBM, hence she was treated as idiopathic intracranial hypertension.[] Other symptoms are nausea, vomiting, inability to look bright lights, confusion, irritability and confusion. In babies, there will be a characteristic high-pitched cry.[]

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    […] malformations that do not meet the criteria for Dandy-Walker malformation, however, some authors recommend to avoid them as they have a lack of specificity that may create some confusion[] After early childhood, there may be other symptoms to watch for, such as headaches, vision problems, confusion, slurred speech, or problems walking.[]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    The patient received a temporary external ventricular drainage to relieve the symptoms of intracranial hypertension.[] The patient presented to the emergency department at the authors' institution with a 1-day history of projectile vomiting, lethargy, and dysconjugate gaze.[] Such giant dVRSs may produce a pressure effect on surrounding structures and can be confused with more sinister conditions such as cystic neoplasm.[]

  • Papilledema

    .  Projectile vomiting.  Loss of consciousness/ generalized motor rigidity. 9.[] […] visual loss from idiopathic intracranial hypertension, were published in April 2014.[] Although the term papilledema has now been firmly adopted, Cushing was correct that confusion persists in application of the term.[]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    With progression of the disease patient may present with other classical symptoms of TB meningitis such as fever, projectile vomiting, severe headache, neck rigidity, sensitivity[] Fever and headache are the cardinal features; confusion is a late feature and coma bears a poor prognosis. Meningism is absent in a fifth of patients with TB meningitis.[] Instead, you may experience the following symptoms: fever confusion nausea and vomiting lethargy irritability unconsciousness Your doctor will perform a physical exam and[]

  • Parietal Lobe Tumor

    Features of a headache indicating a high risk of a space-occupying lesion of the brain or idiopathic intracranial hypertension include [ 1 ] : A new headache with features[] Projectile vomiting is not usually a presenting symptom but may occur with rapid rises in intracranial pressure.[] The main symptoms of this are headaches, sickness, vomiting and confusion.[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    Detection of intracranial hypertension, intracerebral hemorrhage and edema via head CT scan also indicates infection.[] Its symptoms also include confusion, or irritability in infants, and a stiff neck.[] Rash, stiff neck, high fever, sensitivity to light, confusion, headaches and vomiting. 1 How serious is the disease?[]

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