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99 Possible Causes for Confusion, Involuntary Movements, lt 25 hz spike and slow waves

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  • Epilepsy

    waves.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It is characterized by recurrent seizures, which are brief episodes of involuntary movement that may involve a part of the body (partial) or the entire body (generalized),[web.archive.org] He did indicate episodic confusion pointing towards possibility of more occurrences.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    […] and slow waves during clonic phase 70% are seizure -free under treatment In some cases, no medical therapy is necessary avoid triggers Epilepsy with myoclonic-atonic seizures[amboss.com] Early onset of seizures and later recognized episodes of mild confusion before meals together with persistent atypical EEG features and unexpected learning difficulties led[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Some patients with idiopathic/genetic generalized epilepsy (IGE) experience visual aura, which can confuse the diagnosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Absence Seizure

    Ictal - EEG is of slow (less than 2.5 Hz) spike and slow wave.[en.wikipedia.org] Other associated symptoms that may be present include Lip smacking or chewing movements of the mouth Involuntary movement of hands Finger rubbing Fluttering of eyelids Stopping[medindia.net] […] simple absence seizure is a vacant stare, which may be mistaken for a lapse in attention that lasts about 10 seconds, though it may last as long as 20 seconds, without any confusion[mayoclinic.com]

  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

    The EEG often shows widespread cortical dysfunction with a burst-suppression pattern of high-amplitude slow-wave or spike -and-slow-wave complexes occurring at a rate of every[epilepsy.com] A 20-year-old woman with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, bedridden because of dystonic posturing and very frequent myoclonic involuntary movements, improved dramatically[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] SSPE should not be confused with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis which has a similar cause but very different timing and course.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Childhood Absence Epilepsy

    During the seizure, there is a generalized synchronization of neuronal firing mediated by thalamic circuits, which produces a rhythmic 3 Hz spike and slow-wave discharge in[doi.org]

  • Toxic Encephalopathy

    Some the most common symptoms of toxic encephalopathy include: Altered mental status Increased irrationality Memory loss Seizures Fatigue Involuntary movements Depression[winstonbriggslaw.com] These include patients with known diabetes who experience symptoms of confusion due to low blood sugar.[healthcare-online.org] movements (parkinsonism), fatigue, seizures, arm strength problems, and depression. [1] A paper by Feldman and colleagues described neurobehavioral effects in a 57-year-old[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    We applied dipole modeling and brain distributed source analysis to find current sources comprising spikes and slow waves of polyspike and wave complexes (PSWC) in patients[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] characterized by abrupt, repetitive, stereotyped and involuntary movements (motor tics) or sounds (phonic tics).[omicsonline.org] Tonic-clonic seizure convulsions, or rigid muscles and rhythmic body jerks eyes rolling back crying out child may pee or poop child can't respond during seizure child is confused[m.kidshealth.org]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Neurodiagnostic evaluation can provide support for the diagnosis by the demonstration of temporal lobe edema/hemorrhage by magnetic resonance image scan and spike and slow-wave[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] with the onset of abnormal involuntary movements.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most frequent symptoms at admission were fever, confusion, aphasia and seizures. Mortality rate was 11 %. 2 patients presented a clinical relapse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    […] generalized high-amplitude, poly spike discharges." [2] The clonic phase EEG will show "high amplitude activity that is typically interrrupted by slow waves to create a spike-and-slow-wave[en.wikipedia.org] movements Blepharospasm Limb ataxia Pontocerebellar atrophy Parkinsonism EEG with polyspike wave complexes Lafora bodies Morning myoclonic jerks Scoliosis Delayed speech[mendelian.co] Consciousness returns slowly, and the person may be drowsy, confused, agitated, or depressed.[epilepsynewengland.org]

  • Tonic-Clonic Seizure

    The clonic phase EEG will show "high amplitude activity that is typically interrrupted by slow waves to create a spike-and-slow-wave pattern."[en.wikipedia.org] This report implies that damage to the BG and/or its connections might cause seizure-like involuntary movement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Within seconds, the officer collapsed and experienced a generalized tonic-clonic seizure with loss of consciousness and postictal confusion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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