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693 Possible Causes for Confusion, Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

  • Alzheimer Disease

    The hippocampus is reduced by an average of 5 percent in normal pressure hydrocephalus- a brain disorder in which excess brain fluid leads to thinking and reasoning problems[] We would like to discuss the confusing features of atypical AD that mimic other dementias.[] pressure hydrocephalus ) Stroke Thyroid disease Vitamin deficiency CT or MRI of the brain may be done to look for other causes of dementia, such as a brain tumor or stroke[]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Hydrocephalus-cont. • Chronic hydrocephalus may develop weeks to months after SAH and present as normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) manifested by gait difficulty, incontinence[] The aneurysm was coiled with balloon protection, and later, on the fifth day of ictus, the patient became acutely confused and developed memory disturbances.[] On postoperative day 2, he became confused; and head CT demonstrated intracranial SAH with blood products along the superior cerebellum and bilateral posterior Sylvian fissures[]

  • Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

    Normal pressure hydrocephalus may occur due to secondary causes or may be idiopathic.[] This often involves confusion, short-term memory loss/forgetfulness, trouble paying attention, changes in mood, and a lack of interest in daily activities.[] The symptoms are sometimes confused with those of Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease.[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Fever was the most common presenting sign/symptom, observed in 8 patients, followed by otalgia, neck stiffness, headache, and confusion.[] Symptoms: Viral meningitis - Fever, headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, drowsiness, confusion.[] Symptoms can develop around two to 10 days after exposure to the affected person and can include, according to the city’s Department of Health: Confusion, sleepiness nausea[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    […] features like altered mental status and confusion.[] Upon admittance, she was considered confused, with a temperature of 39.4 C and slight neutrophilic leukocytosis, but no neck stiffness.[] A few hours later she was confused, and purpuric rash appeared. Emergency physicians diagnosed sepsis/meningitis and started vancomycin-ceftriaxone.[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    Its symptoms also include confusion, or irritability in infants, and a stiff neck.[] Rash, stiff neck, high fever, sensitivity to light, confusion, headaches and vomiting. 1 How serious is the disease?[] Additional symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, confusion, sensitivity to light, and a dark purple rash on the arms, legs, and body.[]

  • Meningeal Tuberculosis

    A spinal tap may also be done to establish the diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus.[] Fever and headache are the cardinal features; confusion is a late feature and coma bears a poor prognosis. Meningism is absent in a fifth of patients with TB meningitis.[] Brother have problem of irritation, confusion,number of fits. The treatment is proceed but its effect is too slow. So how this TB Overcome earlier.[]

  • Cryptococcal Meningitis

    In this case, initial head CT scan was normal but unusually high protein level in CSF prompted a repeat CT scan 5 days later that showed noncommunicating hydrocephalus.[] Due to the similar presentation of infection and IRIS, it is often confused with the relapse of cryptococcal meningitis.[] The author reports a male patient who presented to our emergency department with headache for 3 days and confusion for a day.[]

  • Listerial Meningitis

    Abstract A 65-year-old man with primary haemochromatosis was admitted because of fever and confusion.[] Symptoms including confusion, seizures, pain and paralysis may be a result of either metastases to the nervous system or one of several nonmetastatic complications of cancer[] Symptoms of a Listeria infection can take up to 70 days to develop and include fever, headache, muscle aches, upset stomach, diarrhea, stiff neck, loss of balance, and confusion[]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Fever and chills Excessive tiredness Pain in the belly Nausea with or without vomiting Diarrhea Anxiety Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing Altered mental status (confusion[] Symptoms of meningitis include fever, headache, stiff neck, vomiting, light sensitivity and confusion.[] The infection usually starts suddenly with: fever vomiting lack of energy confusion headache stiff neck Hib can cause serious and life-threatening infections including meningitis[]

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