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89 Possible Causes for Confusion, Olfactory Hallucination, Rarely Malignant

  • Schizophrenia

    , eg, neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS).[dx.doi.org] We found perinatal pathology, cognitive deficit, and EEG abnormality in a patient with atypical initial symptoms of psychosis such as olfactory hallucinations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] They usually don’t remember the treatment itself, and may experience a brief period of confusion following ECT.[schizophrenic.com]

  • Temporal Lobe Tumor

    Clinicopathologic features of recurrent dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor and rare malignant transformation: A report of 5 cases and review of the literature.[surgicalneurologyint.com] hallucination’.[express.co.uk] A person with Wernicke’s dysphasia may also suffer from a lack in comprehension, confusing them further.[livestrong.com]

  • Astrocytoma of the Brain

    They are rarely malignant but can regrow quickly. For this reason, Dr Steel performs regular MRI scans every one or two years after surgery.[drtimothysteel.com.au] I aim to present a picture, based on the best available evidence, of both mainstream and experimental treatment options, in order to empower those individuals feeling confused[astrocytomaoptions.com] If the tumour is malignant and spreads, they rarely then spread outside of the brain to other parts of the body. Grade 3 and 4 gliomas are considered malignant tumours.[cancercanwait.com]

  • Olfactory Neuroblastoma

    Olfactory neuroblastoma (Esthesioneuroblastoma) is a rare malignant tumour arising from olfactory epithelium.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] It has a subacute onset with the following symptoms: cognitive dysfunction, seizures, irritability, hallucinations, and short-term memory loss.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] nomenclature and classification of cervicocephalic NENs is currently under debate and for this reason a different diagnostic terminology has been used over the years, creating confusions[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Malignant Glioma

    From the pathogenetic point of view, this malignant glioma is an extremely rare case that developed clinically and neuroradiologically from the cavernous sinus and was suspected[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] General symptoms include headache, confusion, change in personality, nausea, loss of balance or coordination, memory loss, blurred vision or other visual abnormalities, and[britannica.com] Common signs and symptoms of gliomas include: Headache Nausea or vomiting Confusion or a decline in brain function Memory loss Personality changes or irritability Difficulty[mayoclinic.org]

  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    References 1 Anti-TNF antibody therapy in rheumatoid arthritis and the risk of serious infections and malignancies: systematic review and meta-analysis of rare harmful effects[academic.oup.com] Most frequent symptoms at admission were fever, confusion, aphasia and seizures. Mortality rate was 11 %. 2 patients presented a clinical relapse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Trauma/fall Confusion, dizziness, nausea, vomiting Stroke ? Normal CT scan without contrast ? ? ? ? ?[wikidoc.org]

  • Limbic Encephalitis

    Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE) is a rare disorder of the nervous system associated with malignant disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and gustatory hallucinations, sleep disturbances, and abnormalities in other homeostatic functions.[checkorphan.org] OBSERVATIONS: We present the case of a 58-year-old man who had a rapid onset of progressive confusion, twitching of the face and hand, and abnormal basal ganglia detected[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Secondary Parkinsonism

    […] is one of the most common malignant diseases worldwide, and approximately 20% of patients have metastases at diagnosis [ 1 ].[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com] Side effects include hallucinations, confusion, dizziness and headaches.[livestrong.com] Decrease in facial expressions Difficulty starting and controlling movement Loss or weakness of movement (paralysis) Soft voice Stiffness of the trunk, arms, or legs Tremor Confusion[salud.wikiplus.org]

  • Benzodiazepine Withdrawal

    Since discontinuation of benzodiazepine has been known to rarely trigger a neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS), he was diagnosed as having NMS.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] a human head - but auditory, olfactory and tactile hallucinations can also occur.[benzo.org.uk] A 67-year-old woman with a history of psychotropic drug abuse developed confusion. EEG was consistent with absence status epilepticus (AS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Uncinate Seizure

    And – Good prognosis; rare malignant transformation (0.5–3%) 16. Oral lesions of lichen planus usually appear as: a. White striae. *** بقع بيضاءwhicham striae b.[worlddentalnetwork.com] Olfactory hallucination are caused by temporal seizures (uncinate fits) but may also be caused by schizophrenia or depression can be caused by temporal lobe hamartoma, mesial[prod.wiki.cns.org] Mechanism: Voltage-gated sodium channel blocker Note: Can make general/ myoclonic seizure worse Indication: focal epilepsy Adverse effects: Rash, diplopia, ataxia, sedation, confusion[quizlet.com]

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