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74 Possible Causes for Confusion, Sunken Fontanelle

  • Dehydration

    Signs of Dehydration Mild Thirst Dry lips Slightly dry mouth membranes Moderate Very dry mouth membranes Sunken eyes Sunken fontanelle (soft spot) on infant’s head.[quickcare.org] There is any other change in the person's alertness (for example, confusion or seizures). The person has a fever over 102 F (38.8 C).[nlm.nih.gov] […] eyes, (in infant – sunken fontanel, the soft spot on the head), limited, very dark urine, cramps, stiff and/or painful joints, severe irritability, severe headache, few or[lecomhealth.com]

  • Hyponatremia

    fontanelle) have a dry mouth have dark-yellow pee have cold and blotchy-looking hands and feet Once the dehydration has been treated your child will need to maintain their[nhs.uk] Moderate - personality change, muscle cramps and weakness, confusion, ataxia. Severe - drowsiness.[patient.info] During the examination, the patient suddenly became confused and lost consciousness. She was admitted to the intensive care unit.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    Symptoms may include: Dry mucous membranes Dry skin Sunken appearance to eyes Sunken fontanelles (soft spot) in infants Changes in memory or balance Other symptoms that can[nlm.nih.gov] Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus is a syndrome of disordered thirst, in patients without psychiatric disease, which may be confused with partial central diabetes insipidus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms of dehydration include: Dry skin Dry mucous membranes (sticky mouth) /reduced tears Sunken appearance to eyes Sunken fontanelles (soft spot in the skull) in infants[histio.org]

  • Cerebral Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    Hypovolemia leads to symptoms that entail dried mucous membranes (oral or nasal cavity), dry skin that lacks elasticity, sunken anterior fontanelle, and tachycardia.[symptoma.com] This syndrome is often confused with dilutional hyponatremia secondary to inappropriate ADH secretion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] anterior fontanel 12.[slideshare.net]

  • Hypovolemic Shock

    Early signs of dehydration: poor skin turgor, sunken fontanelle in infants, decrease in body weight Signs of internal bleeding: abdominal tenderness, swelling, discoloration[ehealthstar.com] This finding should be recognized so as to avoid confusion with thyroid or vascular injury or other incidental etiology.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A confused patient presented with hypovolemic shock and signs of arterial and venous obstruction of the left lower extremity; the correct diagnosis of urinary retention was[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Severe dehydration—which is an emergency—can cause extreme thirst, extreme sleepiness, sunken fontanels, and fussiness in infants; irritability/confusion in adults; and dry[contemporaryclinic.pharmacytimes.com] You should also contact your provider if you or your child has these symptoms: Blood in the stool Confusion Dizziness Dry mouth Feeling faint Nausea No tears when crying No[medlineplus.gov] Severe dehydration: profound apathy, weakness, confusion (leading to coma), shock, tachycardia, marked peripheral vasoconstriction, systolic blood pressure Investigations[patient.info]

  • Adenovirus Infection

    […] soft spots (fontanelles) on the top of an infant's head No tears Sunken eyes Tests of stool samples may be used to identify the virus that is causing the sickness.[mountsinai.org] Severe adenovirus infection may be confused with TMA, and should be distinguished by rapid virological assay.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms Pneumonia- Fever with chills Dyspnea or short of breath Stabbing Chest Pain Sweating and Clammy Skin Loss of Appetite and Fatigue Confusion: Mostly observed after[epainassist.com]

  • Rotavirus Infection

    Rotavirus infection in infants leads to the same symptoms, including severe diarrhea, vomiting, and fever; dehydration also leads to sunken fontanelles, a decreased production[symptoma.com] Where the confusion can lie is that antibiotics have no use against viral pathogens and viral illnesses.[sharecare.com] Symptoms of dehydration include lethargy, dry, cool skin, absence of tears when crying, dry or sticky mouth, sunken eyes or sunken fontanel (the soft spot on the head of infants[medicinenet.com]

  • Vomiting

    Call your doctor if you notice any of the following warning signs in your baby: Signs of dehydration, including a dry mouth, lack of tears, sunken fontanelle, floppiness,[babycentre.co.uk] They include Signs of dehydration (such as thirst, dry mouth, little or no urine output, and feeling weak and tired) Headache, stiff neck, confusion, or decreased alertness[merckmanuals.com] Call your doctor if you notice any of the following warning signs in your baby: Signs of dehydration, including a dry mouth, lack of tears, sunken fontanelle , floppiness,[babycentre.co.uk]

  • Viral Gastroenteritis

    fontanel (the soft spot on the top of an infant’s head) How is viral gastroenteritis diagnosed?[cedars-sinai.org] Call 911 Call 911 if any of these occur: Trouble breathing Chest pain Confused Severe drowsiness or trouble awakening Fainting or loss of consciousness Rapid heart rate Seizure[mountnittany.org] You should also contact your provider if you or your child has these symptoms: Blood in the stool Confusion Dizziness Dry mouth Feeling faint Nausea No tears when crying No[medlineplus.gov]

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