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44 Possible Causes for Congenital Fractures, Leg Length Inequality

  • Scoliosis

    […] compensatory scoliosis Transient structural scoliosis sciatic scoliosis hysterical scoliosis inflammatory scoliosis Structural scoliosis idiopathic (70 – 80 % of all cases) congenital[] length inequality (due to pelvic tilt imposed by lumbar scoliosis), and apparent arm length inequality (thoracic spine scoliosis imposes shoulder tilt) scoliosis, n abnormal[] […] congenita Friedreich’s ataxia neurofibromatosis mesenchymal disorders Marfan’s syndrome Morquio’s syndrome rheumatoid arthritis osteogenesis imperfecta certain dwarves trauma fractures[]

  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

    Congenital disorders of the cervical spine / Robert N. Hensinger ; Back pain in children / Robert A. Dickson ; Spinal deformities / Robert A.[] Atrophy of thigh muscles may occur from disuse and an inequality of leg length.[] Hill ; Part II: Leg length inequality / Franz Grill ; The limping child / F. Stig Jacobsen and Göran Hansson ; Developmental dysplasia of the hip / Michael K.D.[]

  • Maffucci Syndrome

    Maffucci syndrome is a rare congenital nonhereditary disease consisting of the development of multiple enchondromas, hemangiomas and, less commonly, lymphangiomas.[] Enchondromas have a potential for malignant transformation and cause bone deformation, shortening, and fractures, while hemangiomas may cause severe bleeding.[]

  • Leg Length Inequality

    […] and surgery, congenital deformities, degeneration, infection, and neoplasms.[] Our guidelines for treatment of leg length inequality are as follows:[] Other potential causes could be due to an injury (such as a fracture), bone disease, bone tumors, congenital problems (present at birth) or from a neuromuscular problem.[]

  • Low Back Pain

    Paraspinal or epidural abscess Abdominal aortic aneurysm Fractures Endocarditis Aortoiliac disease Congenital disease Inflammatory arthritis Gastrointestinal disease Severe[] Even patients who have acquired their leg length differences later in life as consequence of disease or surgery had a poor correlation between leg-length inequality, lumbar[] The latter type of surgery is normally performed to correct congenital deformities or those that were caused by a traumatic fracture.[]

  • Malum Coxae Senilis

    […] and Joint Injuries in Children 499 Amputations in the Upper Limb 162 Generalized Congenital Abnormalities 172 Generalized and Disseminated Disorders of Bone 183 Inflammatory[] Lumbar spine structural changes associated with leg length inequality. Spine. 1982;7(2):159-62 Sharpe CR. Leg length inequality.[] Disorders of Bones and Joints 207 Degenerative Disorders of Joints and Related Tissues 257 Neuromuscular Disorders 303 Special Types of Fractures in Children 504 Specific[]

  • Coxa Vara

    RESULTS: Twelve coxa vara; 4 malunion femeral neck fracture, 4 congenital coxa vara, 2 spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia and 1 multiple epiphyseal dysplasia were operated on in[] Residual shortening was treated with a shoe lift or appropriate leg length inequality surgery.[] It may be congenital and is commonly caused by injury, such as a fracture.[]

  • Scalenus Anticus Syndrome

    (congenital anomaly, malunited fracture, callus, Paget disease, tumor) elongated C7 transverse process muscle hypertrophy fibrous bands supraclavicular tumor or lymphadenopathy[] A left-side leg-length inequality potentially indicative of putative upper cervical subluxation was also noted.[] May be congenital or acquired. Bony causes: long transverse process of the 7th cercial vertebra, cervical rib, anomalous 1st rib, clavicle fracture, 1st rib fracture.[]

  • Pelvic Declination

    There was no evidence of any gross pathology, congenital findings or obvious fracture. Impression: spondylosis and postural changes.[] Anatomical leg-length inequality (LLI) is a very different matter.[] Giles reported in the literature that a leg-length inequality (LLI) of greater than 10 mm leads to asymmetric endplates, vertebral body height, and traction spurs, i.e.; degenerative[]

  • Fibular Hemimelia

    Previous interventions, associated congenital anomalies, regenerate fractures were recorded with reference to medical charts and confirmed on appropriate radiographs.[] Although there was a significant functional improvement, a number of residual malformations and leg length inequality was recorded.[] Conditions that could require limb lengthening include: Post-traumatic limb length discrepancies Malunion of fracture Bone loss Osteomyelitis Congenital limb length discrepancy[]

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