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44 Possible Causes for Congenital Occlusive Hydrocephalus

  • Vitamin D Deficiency

    We report a rare case of a 27-year-old Asian female presenting with simultaneous brown tumours in the maxilla and mandible secondary to vitamin D deficiency which was a result of dietary deficiency and lack of exposure to sunlight.[]

  • Ependymoma

    Cerebellopontine angle (CPA) ependymomas are atypical kind of ependymomas that characteristically occur in the pediatric age group. Therefore, finding a case of CPA ependymoma in a young male adult is not a common occurrence. We present a case of a 28-year-old male who was involved in road traffic accident with[…][]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    Subdural hematoma is defined as a collection of blood outside the brain below the dura mater. Presentations seen is dependent on the level of bleeding but general include siezures, apathy, weakness, lethargy, nausea, dizziness, behaviorual changes, confusion and severe headache. Chronic subdural hematoma may have[…][]

  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Nontraumatic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a rare condition. Among them, SAH with cerebral steno-occlusive disease is quite rare. Moreover there has been no report of SAH patient who had been diagnosed with steno-occlusive disease since before. We here report 2 cases of nontraumatic[…][]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis

    Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVB (MPS IVB) is a very rare lysosomal storage disorder characterized by skeletal dysplasia, hearing disorder, and cardiac valvular disease. Herein, we report an extremely rare manifestation of MPS IVB in a 60-year-old female patient who underwent a successful aortic valve replacement. The[…][]

  • Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma

    Neuro-oncology (Neoplasms) First Online: 05 April 2011 Opinion statement Rates of regrowth after resection of subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA) are low, making surgical resection a successful and permanent therapeutic strategy. In addition to surgical resection of SEGAs, other treatment options now[…][]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Occlusion Septum, septate (congenital) - see also Anomaly, specified type NEC Spina bifida (aperta) 741.9 with hydrocephalus 741.0 Stenosis (cicatricial) - see also Stricture[] Congenital hydrocephalus has its basis frequently in occlusive malformations of the cerebral aqueduct of Sylvius.[] ) - see also Anomaly Chiari Myelocele (see also Spina bifida) 741.9 with hydrocephalus 741.0 Obstruction, obstructed, obstructive Arnold-Chiari (see also Spina bifida) 741.0[]

  • Alexander Disease

    Alexander disease (AxD), a fatal degenerative leukoencephalopathy, is caused by de novo heterozygous missense mutations in the Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) gene. The pathological hallmark of the disease is the presence of Rosenthal fibers, cytoplasmic inclusions in astrocytes, composed mainly of GFAP,[…][]

  • Choroid Plexus Papilloma

    Choroid plexus papilloma is a benign epithelial brain tumour showing a striking predilection for infants and occurring most frequently in the lateral and fourth ventricles. Medulloblastoma, on the other hand, is a primitive neuroectodermal tumour and is the most frequent malignant brain tumour of the posterior fossa[…][]

  • Vein of Galen Aneurysm

    See Meschia (doi:10.1093/brain/awy066) for a scientific commentary on this article.Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation is a congenital anomaly of the cerebral vasculature representing 30% of all paediatric vascular malformations. We conducted whole exome sequencing in 19 unrelated patients presenting this[…][]

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