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35 Possible Causes for Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertensive Encephalopathy, Retinal Vessels Attenuated

  • Hypertension

    Note the generalised tapetal retinal oedema and retinal vessel attenuation.[] Types of end-organ damage associated with hypertensive emergencies include cerebral infarction (24%), acute pulmonary edema (23%) and hypertensive encephalopathy (16%), as[] Signs of hypertensive retinopathy are frequently seen in adults 40 years and older, and are predictive of incident stroke, congestive heart failure, and cardiovascular mortality[]

  • Hypertensive Crisis

    If the retinal vasculature retains autoregulation ability, vessels will maintain a small caliber to cope with high blood pressure.[] This may include hypertensive encephalopathy, caused by brain swelling and dysfunction, and characterized by headaches and an altered level of consciousness (confusion or[] Subsequently, she developed a hypertensive crisis with congestive heart failure and died of a cardiac arrhythmia and shock.[]

  • Preeclampsia

    vessel analysis and blood pressure measurements throughout gestation, he found that those who later developed preeclampsia had significant attenuation early in gestation.[] encephalopathy and coagulopathy.[] heart failure and cerebrovascular disease.[]

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    The retinal vessels are attenuated and there are microvascular abnormalities in the posterior pole. There are scattered retinal hemorrhages.[] […] changes, exudates, hemorrhages or papilledema assisting in the identification of hypertensive encephalopathy.[] heart failure.[]

  • Alstrom Syndrome

    Both fundi revealed waxy, pale discs with attenuated retinal vessels.[] Portal hypertension and cirrhosis can lead to hepatic encephalopathy and life-threatening esophageal varices.[] Minor criteria Obesity and/or insulin resistance and/or Type 2 Diabetes History of dilated cardiomyopathy with congestive heart failure.[]

  • Vasculitis

    ABD. [53] Retinal vasculitis may be associated with sclerosis and attenuation of the vessel wall.[] Seizures Brainstem syndrome Ophthalmoparesis Cranial neuropathy Cerebellar Pyramidal dysfunction Myelopathy Non-parenchymal syndromes Cerebral venous thrombosis Intracranial hypertension[] Vasculitis affecting the heart, however, can cause congestive heart failure.[]

  • Multi-Infarct Dementia

    This cotton wool spot attenuates the appearance of the vessel lumen on angiography (B). (C) Retinal photography showing nerve fibre loss in a CADASIL patient (arrows).[] encephalopathy.[] Rengo and CHF Italian Study Investigators, The brain in congestive heart failure, Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 23, 3, (247), (1996).[]

  • Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis

    Retinal blood vessels may be attenuated and lens opacities of various types are common.[] […] with mitochondrial respiratory chain defects Fatal infantile encephalopathy with olivopontocerebellar hypoplasia Fatal infantile encephalopathy-pulmonary hypertension syndrome[] Early changes include defective macular light reflex and optic disc pallor followed by attenuation of vessels, pigmentary retinal changes, degeneration of macula and optic[]

  • Optic Atrophy-Intellectual Disability Syndrome

    PIGMENTOSA Progressive retinal degeneration, night blindness, constricted visual fields, dyschromatopsia, cystoid macular edema, pigment clumps in retina, attenuated retinal[] hypertension syndrome Fatal post-viral neurodegenerative disorder Fatty acid hydroxylase-associated neurodegeneration Female restricted epilepsy with intellectual disability[] vessels, waxy pallor of optic disc, cataracts AD, AR, XLR Numerous Multiple RETINOBLASTOMA Leukcoria, strabismus, retinal detachment, glaucoma, pseudouveitis, proptosis,[]

  • Autosomal Dominant Larsen Syndrome

    The retina is dysplastic with multiple atrophic punched-out lesions, attenuated retinal vessels, and sparse pigmentation.[] 1 Essential Thrombocythemia 2 Ethylmalonic Encephalopathy 1 Exostoses, Multiple, Type I 3 Exostoses, Multiple, Type II 3 Exudative Vitreoretinopathy 2, X-Linked 3 Exudative[] heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV).[]

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