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101 Possible Causes for Constipation, Gastric Retention, Hypokalemia

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    […] helpful to use as a framework to think about precipitants: - Increased ammonia production/absorption: - Excess dietary protein - GI bleed (protein load) - Electrolytes (hypokalemia[errolozdalga.com] On admission, she had experienced constipation for seven days and exhibited a high serum ammonia level (251 μg/dL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] varices ) dietary intake of large quantities of protein (e.g. meat) reduced nitrogen excretion constipation renal failure metabolic or drug interactions hyponatremia or hypokalemia[radiopaedia.org]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    Leukocytosis, hypokalemia, hypernatremia, and acidosis may be present, but they are not specific findings.[en.wikipedia.org] In the early stage of the disease, diarrhea is a frequent symptom, but soon gives way to obstinate constipation.[henriettes-herb.com] Abdominal tenderness Abdominal distension Fever Low urine output Point tenderness Thirst Fluid in the abdomen Constipation Inability to pass faeces gas Signs of shock in extreme[cahabavalleysurgical.com]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Ketones have a paralytic effect on smooth muscle cells, which may lead to gastric retention (with a gastric splash on physical examination) and profuse vomiting as well as[diapedia.org] […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] Possibilities include headache, lethargy, irritability , leg cramps , constipation and heart palpitations .[dietdoctor.com]

  • Hypokalemia

    MayoClinic.com: Low potassium (hypokalemia) MedicineNet.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) eMedicineHealth.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Content of Selected Foods per Common[en.wikipedia.org] Clinical features include transient periods of muscle weakness and tetany, dizziness, abdominal pains and constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] According to the Linus Pauling Institute, intestinal paralysis is manifested as abdominal pain and other symptoms such as constipation and bloating.[livestrong.com]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Rarely, DKA patients may present with significant hypokalemia.[web.archive.org] Symptoms of CD include malabsorption and malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies, iron deficiency anemia, failure to thrive, short stature, diarrhea, anorexia, constipation, vomiting[dx.doi.org] Potential morbidity associated with the procedure includes risks of gastric retention (6%), abdominal abscess (2.4%), pancreatitis (1.7%), anastomotic fistulae (1.7%), and[clinical.diabetesjournals.org]

  • Pyloric Obstruction

    Renal compensation for this loss of H ions is by preserving protons at the expense of potassium and thus hypokalemia ensues with now, hypochloremic, hypokalemic metabolic[forums.studentdoctor.net] Common gastrointestinal symptoms experienced by patients with cancer can vary widely and include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, weight loss, decreased appetite,[cancertherapyadvisor.com] Abstract One of the important complications of peptic ulcer is gastric retention.[annals.org]

  • Hypercalcemia

    If present, hypomagnesaemia and hypokalemia should be corrected. 1,3,4[oncologynurseadvisor.com] Symptoms of hypercalcemia include lethargy, mental imbalance, weakness, dehydration, constipation, nausea, diarrhea, and even heart arrhythmia. [ 1 ] When chronic constipation[globalhealingcenter.com] Related Topics Hypocalcaemia Osborn waves Measurement of the QT interval Hyperkalemia Hypokalemia Hypercalcemia Hypomagnesemia References Slovis C, Jenkins R.[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Celiac Disease

    This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This study aims to determine the prevalence of CD in patients with chronic constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gliadin contains peptide sequences that are highly resistant to gastric, pancreatic, and intestinal proteolytic digestion in the gastrointestinal tract.[doi.org]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Other symptoms include vomiting, constipation and pyrexia. Two main causes - alcohol abuse and gall stone disease – account for the majority ( 80 %) of cases.[acutecaretesting.org] Sometimes, pancreatitis is misdiagnosed as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome or heartburn.[cincinnatichildrens.org]

  • Ileus

    The patients had dilated bowels and hypokalemia; correction of the hypokalemia decreased the dilation.[ijam-web.org] Nonselective μ-opioid receptor antagonists reverse constipation and opioid-induced ileus but cross the blood-brain barrier and may reverse analgesia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gastric retention occurs in many gastric lesions besides outlet obstruction, like gastritis and gastric motor disturbances, and intestinal dilatation occurs in gastroenteritis[en.oxforddictionaries.com]

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