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581 Possible Causes for Constipation, Hypokalemia, Hyponatremia

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Rarely, DKA patients may present with significant hypokalemia.[web.archive.org] Symptoms of CD include malabsorption and malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies, iron deficiency anemia, failure to thrive, short stature, diarrhea, anorexia, constipation, vomiting[dx.doi.org] In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    Hypovolemic (from vomiting) Hypochloremic (from vomiting) Hypokalemia (from vomiting) Alkalosis (from vomiting) What must be ruled out on physical exam in pts with SBO?[quizlet.com] CASE: A 29-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, and vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, hyponatremia ( 134 mmol/L) and CT scan findings of wall thickening or a suspected closed loop were independently associated with bowel ischemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    […] helpful to use as a framework to think about precipitants: - Increased ammonia production/absorption: - Excess dietary protein - GI bleed (protein load) - Electrolytes (hypokalemia[errolozdalga.com] On admission, she had experienced constipation for seven days and exhibited a high serum ammonia level (251 μg/dL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Risk Factors that increase your chances of developing hepatic encephalopathy include: Certain conditions that affect the levels of fluids and electrolytes such as hyponatremia[uvahealth.com]

  • Celiac Disease

    This article describes a toddler who initially presented with recurrent diarrhea and weight loss with a significant secondary hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This study aims to determine the prevalence of CD in patients with chronic constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH   7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    Laboratory analysis on admission showed hyponatremia (115-133 mmol/L, mean 122.4 mmol/L), high plasma renin activity (229-500 pg/ml, mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment of constipation and prevention of complete bowel obstruction are required for gastrointestinal management in CF.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] during the AZLI/placebo treatment period: seven for pulmonary exacerbation (AZLI-BID: 2; AZLI-TID: 4; placebo: 1) and one each for small bowel obstruction (AZLI-BID) and hyponatremia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pyloric Obstruction

    Renal compensation for this loss of H ions is by preserving protons at the expense of potassium and thus hypokalemia ensues with now, hypochloremic, hypokalemic metabolic[forums.studentdoctor.net] Common gastrointestinal symptoms experienced by patients with cancer can vary widely and include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, weight loss, decreased appetite,[cancertherapyadvisor.com] The adrenocortical response to hypovolemia intensifies the exchange of potassium for sodium at the distal tubule, with subsequent aggravation of the hypokalemia.[thehealthscience.com]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] Possibilities include headache, lethargy, irritability , leg cramps , constipation and heart palpitations .[dietdoctor.com] Two patients presented hyponatremia simultaneously. No patients had benefit with phenytoin or diazepam, and one patient got worse after them.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Here, we present a case of a heart donor with severe electrolyte imbalance, specifically severe hypokalemia, and severe hypernatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] the constipation.[ketogains.com] Causes of Hyponatremia Hyponatremia is caused by conditions such as water retention and renal failure that result in a low sodium level in the blood.[healthcommunities.com]

  • Vomiting of Pregnancy

    […] pregnant women and is associated with persistent vomiting (more than three episodes per day) that results in severe dehydration, ketonuria, electrolyte abnormalities such as hypokalemia[aafp.org] Unfortunately, constipation and increased sense of smell may make the condition worse.[babymed.com] It is not recommended as first-line therapy, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. 13 Ondansetron commonly causes constipation, which may already be a problem in[nps.org.au]

  • Hypokalemia

    MayoClinic.com: Low potassium (hypokalemia) MedicineNet.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) eMedicineHealth.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Content of Selected Foods per Common[en.wikipedia.org] Clinical features include transient periods of muscle weakness and tetany, dizziness, abdominal pains and constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] syndrome is a rare disorder in which a colorectal tumor (usually a villous adenoma) determines secretory mucous diarrhea, which in turn leads to prerenal acute renal failure, hyponatremia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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