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362 Possible Causes for Constipation, Hypokalemia, Hypovolemia

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    […] helpful to use as a framework to think about precipitants: - Increased ammonia production/absorption: - Excess dietary protein - GI bleed (protein load) - Electrolytes (hypokalemia[errolozdalga.com] Overdosage can result in ileus, severe diarrhea, electrolyte disturbances, and hypovolemia.[emedicine.com] On admission, she had experienced constipation for seven days and exhibited a high serum ammonia level (251 μg/dL).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    Leukocytosis, hypokalemia, hypernatremia, and acidosis may be present, but they are not specific findings.[en.wikipedia.org] As previously mentioned, hypovolemia may occur in the absence of treatment, which may ultimately result in hypotension and shock.[uspharmacist.com] In the early stage of the disease, diarrhea is a frequent symptom, but soon gives way to obstinate constipation.[henriettes-herb.com]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Nutritional support was begun slowly, however electrolyte derangements began to manifest on hospital day 2, with hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, and hypomagnesemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Makes frequent comments about feeling “fat” or overweight despite weight loss Complains of constipation, abdominal pain, cold intolerance, lethargy, and/or excess energy Denies[nationaleatingdisorders.org] […] muscle weakness Delirium Death Abnormal laboratory signs include low phosphate levels (hypophosphatemia), low blood sugar levels, ( hypoglycemia ), low potassium level ( hypokalemia[my.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Laxative Abuse

    Hypovolemia in acute diarrhea can result in metabolic acidosis. These manifestations are potentially life threatening.[symptoma.com] Laxative abuse can cause hypokalemia and volume depletion. Hypokalemia, in turn, can lead to rhabdomyolysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Severe, chronic constipation x 10 years. 4.[slideshare.net]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    Rarely, DKA patients may present with significant hypokalemia.[web.archive.org] Symptomatic urinary tract infections, hypoglycemia and hypovolemia adverse events were similar between treatment groups.[mrknewsroom.com] Symptoms of CD include malabsorption and malnutrition, vitamin deficiencies, iron deficiency anemia, failure to thrive, short stature, diarrhea, anorexia, constipation, vomiting[dx.doi.org]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    Complications Intestinal Ischemia or infarction Bowel necrosis, bowel perforation and Bacteria l peritonitis Hypovolemia Complications of surgical intervention if needed Fluid[fpnotebook.com] Hypovolemic (from vomiting) Hypochloremic (from vomiting) Hypokalemia (from vomiting) Alkalosis (from vomiting) What must be ruled out on physical exam in pts with SBO?[quizlet.com] CASE: A 29-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain, constipation, nausea, and vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Purging-Type Bulimia Nervosa

    Patients with chronic emesis and use of cathartics present with classic metabolic disturbance: hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[acphospitalist.org] They include: Anaemia (iron deficiency) Compromised immune system (e.g. getting sick more often) Intestinal problems (e.g. abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhoea) Loss or[nedc.com.au] People with bulimia may also experience symptoms such as tiredness, feeling bloated, constipation, abdominal pain, irregular periods, or occasional swelling of the hands and[beateatingdisorders.org.uk]

  • Pyloric Obstruction

    Renal compensation for this loss of H ions is by preserving protons at the expense of potassium and thus hypokalemia ensues with now, hypochloremic, hypokalemic metabolic[forums.studentdoctor.net] The adrenocortical response to hypovolemia intensifies the exchange of potassium for sodium at the distal tubule, with subsequent aggravation of the hypokalemia.[thehealthscience.com] Common gastrointestinal symptoms experienced by patients with cancer can vary widely and include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, weight loss, decreased appetite,[cancertherapyadvisor.com]

  • Nephrotic Syndrome

    There is evidence pointing to a decrease of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a subgroup of nephrotic children, likely secondary to hypovolemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with this syndrome present with early onset of hypertension, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hyporeninemia and hypoaldosteronism, and a potassium-sparing diuretics[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] She had a history of chronic constipation and poor diet but no fever, recent illnesses, or hematuria. Examination revealed bilateral pedal edema and mild ascites.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] also eliminates ketone bodies (2) insulin – turn off gluconeogenesis/glycogenolysis [K ] must be carefully monitored, since insulin causes K to enter cells – hyperkalemia Þ hypokalemia[d3jonline.tripod.com] In this condition urinary loss of water, potassium, ammonium, and sodium results in hypovolemia, electrolyte imbalance, extremely high blood glucose levels, and breakdown[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Possibilities include headache, lethargy, irritability , leg cramps , constipation and heart palpitations .[dietdoctor.com]

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